Ethical Perspectives 22 (4):601-634 (2015)

Authors
Konrad Banicki
Jagiellonian University
Abstract
The practical aspect of ancient philosophy has been recently made a focus of renewed metaphilosophical investigation. After a brief presentation of three accounts of this kind developed by Martha Nussbaum, Pierre Hadot, and Michel Foucault, the model of the therapeutic argument developed by Nussbaum is called into question from the perspectives offered by her French colleagues, who emphasize spiritual exercise (Hadot) or the care of the self (Foucault). The ways in which the account of Nussbaum can be defended are then discussed, including both a ‘negative’ defense, i.e. the indication of the weaknesses of Hadot and Foucault’s proposals, and a ‘positive’ one focused on the points in which Nussbaum can convincingly address doubts about her metaphilosophical account. In response to these analyses, some further remarks made by Hadot and Foucault are discussed in order to demonstrate that their accounts are not as distant from Nussbaum after all. Finally, a recent metaphilosophical study by John Sellars together with a therapeutic (medical) model developed by the author of the present article are suggested as providing a framework for potential reconciliation between all three accounts discussed and a resource for further metaphilosophical studies.
Keywords Foucault  care of the self  Hadot  spiritual exercises  technologies of the self  Nussbaum  philosophy as therapy  therapeutic philosophy  Sellars  ancient philosophy
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References found in this work BETA

What is Ancient Philosophy?Pierre Hadot - 2002 - Harvard University Press.
Technologies of the Self.Michel Foucault - 2001 - Filosoficky Casopis 49 (2):319-343.

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Citations of this work BETA

Between Medicine and Rhetoric: Therapeutic Arguments in Roman Stoicism.Krzysztof Łapiński - 2019 - Argument: Biannual Philosophical Journal 9 (1):11-24.

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