Troubles with Direct Reference

Pierre Baumann
University of Puerto Rico
The Direct Reference view of proper names remains popular today, even though it is dogged by three longstanding problems: Frege’s puzzle of identity statements, Frege’s second puzzle concerning substitution in non-extensional contexts, and the problem of empty names. This paper criticizes the recent attempts by Braun and Soames to rescue Direct Reference from these traditional objections.
Keywords Proper names  Direct Reference  Frege's Puzzle  Propositional attitudes
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