394 found
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  1. Knowledge and Belief.Jaakko Hintikka - 1962 - Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
  2. Knowledge and Belief: An Introduction to the Logic of the Two Notions.Jaakko Hintikka - 1962 - Studia Logica 16:119-122.
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  3. Socratic Epistemology: Explorations of Knowledge-Seeking by Questioning.Jaakko Hintikka - 2007 - Cambridge University Press.
    Most current work in epistemology deals with the evaluation and justification of information already acquired. In this book, Jaakko Hintikka instead discusses the more important problem of how knowledge is acquired in the first place. His model of information-seeking is the old Socratic method of questioning, which has been generalized and brought up-to-date through the logical theory of questions and answers that he has developed. Hintikka also argues that philosophers' quest for a definition of knowledge is ill-conceived and that the (...)
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  4. The Emperor’s New Intuitions.Jaakko Hintikka - 1999 - Journal of Philosophy 96 (3):127-147.
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  5.  59
    The Principles of Mathematics Revisited.Jaakko Hintikka - 1996 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book, written by one of philosophy's pre-eminent logicians, argues that many of the basic assumptions common to logic, philosophy of mathematics and metaphysics are in need of change. It is therefore a book of critical importance to logical theory. Jaakko Hintikka proposes a new basic first-order logic and uses it to explore the foundations of mathematics. This new logic enables logicians to express on the first-order level such concepts as equicardinality, infinity, and truth in the same language. The famous (...)
  6. What Is Abduction? The Fundamental Problem of Contemporary Epistemology.Jaakko Hintikka - 1998 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 34 (3):503 -.
  7. Logic, Language-Games and Information: Kantian Themes in the Philosophy of Logic.Jaakko Hintikka - 1973 - Oxford, Clarendon Press.
    I LOGIC IN PHILOSOPHY— PHILOSOPHY OF LOGIC i. On the relation of logic to philosophy I n this book, the consequences of certain logical insights for ...
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  8. Inquiry as Inquiry a Logic of Scientific Discovery.Jaakko Hintikka - 1998
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  9.  58
    The Intensions of Intentionality and Other New Models for Modalities.Jaakko Hintikka - 1975 - Dordrecht: D. Reidel.
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  10. Cogito, Ergo Sum: Inference or Performance?Jaakko Hintikka - 1962 - Philosophical Review 71 (1):3-32.
  11.  34
    The Logic of Conditionals.Ernest Adams, Ernest W. Adams, Jaakko Hintikka & Patrick Suppes - 1974 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 39 (3):609-611.
  12. Impossible Possible Worlds Vindicated.Jaakko Hintikka - 1975 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 4 (4):475 - 484.
  13. Toward a Theory of the Process of Explanation.Ilpo Halonen & Jaakko Hintikka - 2005 - Synthese 143 (1-2):5-61.
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  14. Models for Modalities: Selected Essays.Jaakko Hintikka - 1969 - Dordrecht: Reidel.
  15. The Principles of Mathematics Revisited.Jaakko Hintikka - 1996 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book, written by one of philosophy's pre-eminent logicians, argues that many of the basic assumptions common to logic, philosophy of mathematics and metaphysics are in need of change. It is therefore a book of critical importance to logical theory. Jaakko Hintikka proposes a new basic first-order logic and uses it to explore the foundations of mathematics. This new logic enables logicians to express on the first-order level such concepts as equicardinality, infinity, and truth in the same language. The famous (...)
     
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  16. On the Development of the Model-Theoretic Viewpoint in Logical Theory.Jaakko Hintikka - 1988 - Synthese 77 (1):1 - 36.
  17. Existence and Predication From Aristotle to Frege.Risto Vilkko & Jaakko Hintikka - 2006 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 73 (2):359-377.
    One of the characteristic features of contemporary logic is that it incorporates the Frege-Russell thesis according to which verbs for being are multiply ambiguous. This thesis was not accepted before the nineteenth century. In Aristotle existence could not serve alone as a predicate term. However, it could be a part of the force of the predicate term, depending on the context. For Kant existence could not even be a part of the force of the predicate term. Hence, after Kant, existence (...)
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  18.  91
    A Fallacious Fallacy?Jaakko Hintikka - 2004 - Synthese 140 (1-2):25 - 35.
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  19.  32
    Aspects of Inductive Logic.Jaakko Hintikka - 1966 - Amsterdam: North Holland Pub. Co..
  20. Knowledge Acknowledged: Knowledge of Propositions Vs. Knowledge of Objects.Jaakko Hintikka - 1996 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 56 (2):251-275.
    There is a largely unacknowledged revolution in progress in epistemology. For the first time, theorists of knowledge have access to a fully explicit logical and semantical analysis of the concept of knowledge that does justice to its nature and function and to its different varieties. The reasons for the inconspicuousness of the revolution are partly bibliographical, in that the crucial new insights have been published only sketchily. Another reason is that this is a revolution in Jefferson’s sense rather than Lenin’s. (...)
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  21.  13
    Perspectives on the Logical Study of Language.Jaakko Hintikka - 2019 - Logica Universalis 13 (2):151-163.
    Published originally as “Loogisen kielentutkimuksen näköaloja”, Ajatus 19,, pp. 81–96, the following piece by Jaakko Hintikka is the first essay he published in his mother tongue of Finnish. It is seen to provide both a state-of-the-art review of current topics emerging in the philosophy of language in the mid-1950, as well as outlines of Hintikka’s own evaluation of major theses of that era, in particular those of Quine’s and Wittgenstein’s concerning language use. Hintikka evaluates contributions that the logical study of (...)
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  22.  46
    The Fallacy of Fallacies.Jaakko Hintikka - 1987 - Argumentation 1 (3):211-238.
    Several of the so-called “fallacies” in Aristotle are not in fact mistaken inference-types, but mistakes or breaches of rules in the questioning games which were practiced in the Academy and in the Lyceum. Hence the entire Aristotelian theory of “fallacies” ought to be studied by reference to the author's interrogative model of inquiry, based on his theory of questions and answers, rather than as a part of the theory of inference. Most of the “fallacies” mentioned by Aristotle can in fact (...)
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  23.  70
    What is the Logic of Experimental Inquiry?Jaakko Hintikka - 1988 - Synthese 74 (2):173-90.
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  24.  9
    Super Models.Jaakko Hintikka - 2019 - Logica Universalis 13 (2):147-150.
    Published originally in: Patoluoto, I., Saarinen, E., Stenman, P.,. Vexing Questions, An Urnful of Essays in Honour of Veikko Rantala on the Occasion of His Fiftieth Birthday. Reports from the Department of Philosophy, University of Helsinki, 3, pp. 12–18.
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  25. The Fallacies of the New Theory of Reference.Jaakko Hintikka & Gabriel Sandu - 1995 - Synthese 104 (2):245 - 283.
    The so-called New Theory of Reference (Marcus, Kripke etc.) is inspired by the insight that in modal and intensional contexts quantifiers presuppose nondescriptive unanalyzable identity criteria which do not reduce to any descriptive conditions. From this valid insight the New Theorists fallaciously move to the idea that free singular terms can exhibit a built-in direct reference and that there is even a special class of singular terms (proper names) necessarily exhibiting direct reference. This fallacious move has been encouraged by a (...)
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  26. What is the Axiomatic Method?Jaakko Hintikka - 2011 - Synthese 183 (1):69-85.
    The modern notion of the axiomatic method developed as a part of the conceptualization of mathematics starting in the nineteenth century. The basic idea of the method is the capture of a class of structures as the models of an axiomatic system. The mathematical study of such classes of structures is not exhausted by the derivation of theorems from the axioms but includes normally the metatheory of the axiom system. This conception of axiomatization satisfies the crucial requirement that the derivation (...)
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  27.  46
    Information and Inference.Jaakko Hintikka - 1970 - D. Reidel.
  28.  70
    Unification – It's Magnificent but is It Explanation?Ilpo Halonen & Jaakko Hintikka - 1999 - Synthese 120 (1):27-47.
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  29. Modality and Quantification.Jaakko Hintikka - 1961 - Theoria 27 (3):119-128.
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  30.  8
    Investigating Wittgenstein.Merrill Hintikka, Jaakko Hintikka & Norman Malcolm - 1987 - Philosophy 62 (242):529-533.
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  31. Semantics and Pragmatics for Why-Questions.Jaakko Hintikka & Ilpo Halonen - 1995 - Journal of Philosophy 92 (12):636-657.
  32.  80
    No Scope for Scope?Jaakko Hintikka - 1997 - Linguistics and Philosophy 20 (5):515-544.
    The notion of scope as it relates to a model of logical form is discussed. The inability of the accepted definition of scope to account for the contrast between priority scope - the logical priority of different quantifiers & other logical notions via rule ordering - & binding scope - the identification of the connection between variables of quantification & a particular quantifier - is demonstrated. The semantic ambiguity of this dichotomy of scope is explored via examination of donkey sentences. (...)
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  33.  90
    On the Logic of an Interrogative Model of Scientific Inquiry.Jaakko Hintikka - 1981 - Synthese 47 (1):69 - 83.
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  34. Kant on the Mathematical Method.Jaakko Hintikka - 1967 - The Monist 51 (3):352-375.
    According to Kant, “mathematical knowledge is the knowledge gained by reason from the construction of concepts.” In this paper, I shall make a few suggestions as to how this characterization of the mathematical method is to be understood.
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  35.  32
    Quantifiers Vs. Quantification Theory.Jaakko Hintikka - 1973 - Dialectica 27 (3‐4):329-358.
  36. Essays on Mathematical and Philosophical Logic.Jaakko Hintikka, Ilkka Niiniluoto & Esa Saarinen - 1982 - Studia Logica 41 (4):432-433.
     
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  37. Quantifiers Vs. Quantificational Theory.Jaakko Hintikka - 1974 - Linguistic Inquiry 5:153--77.
     
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  38.  83
    Aspects of Compositionality.Gabriel Sandu & Jaakko Hintikka - 2001 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 10 (1):49-61.
    We introduce several senses of the principle ofcompositionality. We illustrate the difference between them with thehelp of some recent results obtained by Cameron and Hodges oncompositional semantics for languages of imperfect information.
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  39. Knowledge and the Known: Historical Perspectives in Epistemology.Jaakko Hintikka - 1974 - Reidel.
     
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  40.  83
    The Role of Logic in Argumentation.Jaakko Hintikka - 1989 - The Monist 72 (1):3-24.
    The main currently unsolved problem in the theory of argumentation concerns the function of logic in argumentation and reasoning. The traditional view simply identified logic with the theory of reasoning. This view is still being echoed in older textbooks of formal logic. In a different variant, the same view is even codified in the ordinary usage of words such as ‘logic’, ‘deduction’, ‘inference’, etc. For each actual occurrence of these terms in textbooks of formal logic, there are hundreds of uses (...)
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  41. Socratic Questioning, Logic and Rhetoric.Jaakko Hintikka - 1993 - Revue Internationale de Philosophie 47 (184):5-30.
     
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  42. Ludwig Wittgenstein Half-Truths and One-and-a-Half-Truths.Jaakko Hintikka - 1996
     
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  43. ``Different Constructions in Terms of the Basic Epistemological Verbs: A Survey of Some Problems and Proposals&Quot.Jaakko Hintikka - 1975 - In The Intensions of Intentionality and Other New Models for Modalities. Dordrecht: D. Reidel. pp. 1--25.
     
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  44.  12
    Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy.Jaakko Hintikka - 2000 - Synthese 124 (3):433-445.
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  45.  33
    Time and Necessity: Studies in Aristotle’s Theory of Modality.Martha Kneale & Jaakko Hintikka - 1974 - Philosophical Quarterly 24 (97):369.
  46. Some Main Problems of Deontic Logic.Jaakko Hintikka - 1971 - In Risto Hilpinen (ed.), Deontic Logic: Introductory and Systematic Readings. Sold and Distributed in the U.S.A. And Canada by Kluwer Boston. pp. 59-104.
     
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  47. Transcendental Arguments: Genuine and Spurious.Jaakko Hintikka - 1972 - Noûs 6 (3):274-281.
  48.  96
    Carnap's Work in the Foundations of Logic and Mathematics in a Historical Perspective.Jaakko Hintikka - 1992 - Synthese 93 (1-2):167 - 189.
    Carnap's philosophy is examined from new viewpoints, including three important distinctions: (i) language as calculus vs language as universal medium; (ii) different senses of completeness: (iii) standard vs nonstandard interpretations of (higher-order) logic. (i) Carnap favored in 1930-34 the "formal mode of speech," a corollary to the universality assumption. He later gave it up partially but retained some of its ingredients, e.g., the one-domain assumption. (ii) Carnap's project of creating a universal self-referential language is encouraged by (ii) and by the (...)
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  49. Language, Truth and Logic in Mathematics.Jaakko Hintikka - 2001 - Studia Logica 68 (3):412-415.
     
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  50. Truth Definitions, Skolem Functions and Axiomatic Set Theory.Jaakko Hintikka - 1998 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 4 (3):303-337.
    §1. The mission of axiomatic set theory. What is set theory needed for in the foundations of mathematics? Why cannot we transact whatever foundational business we have to transact in terms of our ordinary logic without resorting to set theory? There are many possible answers, but most of them are likely to be variations of the same theme. The core area of ordinary logic is by a fairly common consent the received first-order logic. Why cannot it take care of itself? (...)
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