Journal of Global Ethics 12 (1):48-68 (2016)

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Monique Deveaux
University of Guelph
Abstract
ABSTRACTGlobal demand for human ova in in vitro fertilization has led to its expansion in countries with falling average incomes and rising female unemployment. Paid egg donation in the context of national, regional, and global inequalities has the potential to exploit women who are socioeconomically vulnerable, and indeed there is ample evidence that it does. Structural injustices that render women in middle-income countries – and even some high-income countries – economically vulnerable contribute to a context of ‘omissive coercion’ that is morally troubling. When egg brokers or fertility clinics take advantage of these background structural injustices and prospective ova providers’ vulnerability in order to pay them less than they need to meet their livelihood needs, they engage in exploitation. Analyzing paid egg donation as a form of reproductive labor, however, can direct our attention to reforms that would reduce exploitative instances of this practice. In contrast to those who see...
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DOI 10.1080/17449626.2016.1149089
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References found in this work BETA

Responsibility for Justice.Iris Marion Young - 2011 - Oxford University Press USA.
Exploitation.Alan Wertheimer - 1996 - Princeton University Press.
Bounds of Justice.Onora O'Neill - 2000 - Cambridge University Press.
Exploitation.Michael Gorr - 1998 - Philosophical Review 107 (2):296.

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