Does priming with awareness reflect explicit contamination? An approach with a response-time measure in word-stem completion

Consciousness and Cognition 14 (3):459-473 (2005)
The present experiment investigates the involvement of awareness in functional dissociations between explicit and implicit tests. In the explicit condition, participants attempted to recall lexically or semantically studied words using word stems. In the implicit condition, they were instructed to complete each stem with the first word which came to mind. Subjective awareness was subsequently measured on an item-by-item basis. As voluntary retrieval strategies are known to be time consuming, the time taken to complete each stem was recorded. In the explicit task, semantically studied words were associated with higher levels of recall and faster response times than lexically studied words. By contrast, in the implicit task, these effects failed to reach significance, although deep encoding made the contents of memory more accessible to awareness. As expected, performance was slower in the explicit than in the implicit task, but in the latter condition, times to produce old words with and without awareness were comparable, and both of these responses were produced more quickly than control words. This finding suggests that although participants may become aware in implicit paradigms, they do not adopt voluntary retrieval strategies
Keywords *Implicit Learning  *Priming  *Reaction Time  *Recall (Learning)  *Word Recognition
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1016/j.concog.2004.11.003
 Save to my reading list
Follow the author(s)
My bibliography
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Revision history
Request removal from index
Download options
Our Archive

Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 28,840
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library
References found in this work BETA
Implicit Memory: History and Current Status.Daniel L. Schacter - 1987 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 13 (3):501-18.
Remembering Without Awareness.Larry L. Jacoby & D. Witherspoon - 1982 - Canadian Journal of Psychology 36:300-324.
Implicit Memory: Intention and Awareness Revisited.Laurie T. Butler & Dianne C. Berry - 2001 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 5 (5):192-197.

View all 6 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Monthly downloads

Added to index


Total downloads

3 ( #704,852 of 2,178,234 )

Recent downloads (6 months)

1 ( #316,623 of 2,178,234 )

How can I increase my downloads?

My notes
Sign in to use this feature

There  are no threads in this forum
Nothing in this forum yet.

Other forums