Authors
Karyn L. Freedman
University of Guelph
Abstract
In this paper I argue that the Strong Programme’s aim to provide robust explanations of belief acquisition is limited by its commitment to the symmetry principle. For Bloor and Barnes, the symmetry principle is intended to drive home the fact that epistemic norms are socially constituted. My argument here is that even if our epistemic standards are fully naturalized—even relativized—they nevertheless can play a pivotal role in why individuals adopt the beliefs that they do. Indeed, sometimes the fact that a belief is locally endorsed as rational is the only reason why an individual holds it. In this way, norms of rationality have a powerful and unique role in belief formation. But if this is true then the symmetry principle’s emphasis on ‘sameness of type’ is misguided. It has the undesirable effect of not just naturalizing our cognitive commitments, but trivializing them. Indeed, if the notion of ‘similarity’ is to have any content, then we are not going to classify as ‘the same’ beliefs that are formed in accordance with deeply entrenched epistemic norms as ones formed without reflection on these norms, or ones formed in spite of these norms. My suggestion here is that we give up the symmetry principle in favor of a more sophisticated principle, one that allows for a taxonomy of causes rich enough to allow us to delineate the unique impact epistemic norms have on those individuals who subscribe to them.Keywords: Strong Programme; Naturalism; Epistemology; David Bloor; Barry Barnes.
Keywords Strong Programme  epistemic naturalism
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1016/j.shpsa.2004.12.007
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 62,242
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

The Naturalists Return.Philip Kitcher - 1992 - Philosophical Review 101 (1):53-114.
What is "Naturalized Epistemology?".Jaegwon Kim - 1988 - Philosophical Perspectives 2:381-405.
Progress or Rationality? The Prospects for Normative Naturalism.Larry Laudan - 1987 - American Philosophical Quarterly 24 (1):19 - 31.
Normative Naturalism.Larry Laudan - 1990 - Philosophy of Science 57 (1):44-59.
Why Reason Can't Be Naturalized.Hilary Putnam - 1985 - In Synthese. Cambridge University Press. pp. 3-24.

View all 13 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Defining Species: A Multi-Level Approach.Tudor M. Baetu - 2012 - Acta Biotheoretica 60 (3):239-255.
General Solution to All Philosophical Problems With Some Exceptions.Wayde Beasley - forthcoming - north of parallel 40: Numerous uncommitted.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Naturalized Epistemology and the Construction of Normativity.Karyn Lynne Freedman - 2001 - Dissertation, University of Toronto (Canada)
The "Strong Programme", Normativity, and Social Causes.Chris Calvert-Minor - 2008 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 38 (1):1–22.
Realism, Reliabilism, and the 'Strong Programme' in the Sociology of Scientific Knowledge.Jeff Kochan - 2008 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 22 (1):21 – 38.
Normative Epistemology and Naturalized Epistemology.Harold I. Brown - 1988 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 31 (1):53 – 78.
Transparency, Doxastic Norms, and the Aim of Belief.Asbjørn Steglich-Petersen - 2013 - Teorema: International Journal of Philosophy 32.
Rethinking The “Strong Programme” In The Sociology Of Knowledge.Adrian Haddock - 2004 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 35 (1):19-40.
How Norms (Might) Guide Belief.Teemu Toppinen - 2015 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 23 (3):396-409.
On the de-Naturalization of Epistemology.András Kertész - 2002 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 33 (2):269-288.
Naturalized Epistemology and Epistemic Evaluation.Christopher Hookway - 1994 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 37 (4):465 – 485.
Realism and the Strong Program.Tim Lewens - 2005 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 56 (3):559-577.
Epistemology Without Metaphysics.Hartry Field - 2009 - Philosophical Studies 143 (2):249 - 290.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2010-09-02

Total views
45 ( #235,676 of 2,444,747 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
4 ( #186,035 of 2,444,747 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes