212 found
Order:
Disambiguations
Philip Kitcher [211]Philip S. Kitcher [3]Philip Stuart Kitcher [1]
  1. The Advancement of Science: Science Without Legend, Objectivity Without Illusions.Philip Kitcher - 1993 - Oxford University Press.
    During the last three decades, reflections on the growth of scientific knowledge have inspired historians, sociologists, and some philosophers to contend that scientific objectivity is a myth. In this book, Kitcher attempts to resurrect the notions of objectivity and progress in science by identifying both the limitations of idealized treatments of growth of knowledge and the overreactions to philosophical idealizations. Recognizing that science is done not by logically omniscient subjects working in isolation, but by people with a variety of personal (...)
  2. Science, Truth, and Democracy.Philip Kitcher - 2001 - Oxford University Press.
    Striving to boldly redirect the philosophy of science, this book by renowned philosopher Philip Kitcher examines the heated debate surrounding the role of science in shaping our lives. Kitcher explores the sharp divide between those who believe that the pursuit of scientific knowledge is always valuable and necessary--the purists--and those who believe that it invariably serves the interests of people in positions of power. In a daring turn, he rejects both perspectives, working out a more realistic image of the sciences--one (...)
  3. The Ethical Project.Philip Kitcher - 2011 - Harvard University Press.
  4. Science in a Democratic Society.Philip Kitcher - 2011 - Prometheus Books.
    Claims that science should be more democratic than it is frequently arouse opposition. In this essay, I distinguish my own views about the democratization of science from the more ambitious theses defended by Paul Feyerabend. I argue that it is unlikely that the complexity of some scientific debates will allow for resolution according to the methodological principles of any formal confirmation theory, suggesting instead that major revolutions rest on conflicts of values. Yet these conflicts should not be dismissed as irresoluble.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   62 citations  
  5. Vaulting Ambition: Sociobiology and the Quest for Human Nature.Philip Kitcher & J. H. Fetzer - 1987 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 38 (3):389-392.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   354 citations  
  6. Explanatory Unification.Philip Kitcher - 1981 - Philosophy of Science 48 (4):507-531.
    The official model of explanation proposed by the logical empiricists, the covering law model, is subject to familiar objections. The goal of the present paper is to explore an unofficial view of explanation which logical empiricists have sometimes suggested, the view of explanation as unification. I try to show that this view can be developed so as to provide insight into major episodes in the history of science, and that it can overcome some of the most serious difficulties besetting the (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   396 citations  
  7. Explanatory Unification and the Causal Structure of the World.Philip Kitcher - 1989 - In Philip Kitcher & Wesley Salmon (eds.), Scientific Explanation. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. pp. 410-505.
  8.  5
    Science in a Democratic Society.Philip Kitcher - 2011 - Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 101:95-112.
    Claims that science should be more democratic than it is frequently arouse opposition. In this essay, I distinguish my own views about the democratization of science from the more ambitious theses defended by Paul Feyerabend. I argue that it is unlikely that the complexity of some scientific debates will allow for resolution according to the methodological principles of any formal confirmation theory, suggesting instead that major revolutions rest on conflicts of values. Yet these conflicts should not be dismissed as irresoluble.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   81 citations  
  9. The Nature of Mathematical Knowledge.Philip Kitcher - 1983 - Oxford University Press.
    This book argues against the view that mathematical knowledge is a priori,contending that mathematics is an empirical science and develops historically,just as ...
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   202 citations  
  10. The Naturalists Return.Philip Kitcher - 1992 - Philosophical Review 101 (1):53-114.
    No categories
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   198 citations  
  11. The Division of Cognitive Labor.Philip Kitcher - 1990 - Journal of Philosophy 87 (1):5-22.
  12.  14
    The Dialectical Biologist.Philip Kitcher, Richard Levins & Richard Lewontin - 1989 - Philosophical Review 98 (2):262.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   190 citations  
  13.  18
    The Advancement of Science: Science Without Legend, Objectivity Without Illusions.John Dupre & Philip Kitcher - 1995 - Philosophical Review 104 (1):147.
  14. Scientific Explanation.Philip Kitcher & Wesley Salmon (eds.) - 1989 - Univ of Minnesota Pr.
    Studdert-Kennedy, Gerald, Evidence and Explanation in Social Science. ... Kauffman, Stuart, "Articulation of Parts Explanation in Biology and the Rational ...
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   106 citations  
  15. 1953 and All That. A Tale of Two Sciences.Philip Kitcher - 1984 - Philosophical Review 93 (3):335-373.
  16. Species.Philip Kitcher - 1984 - Philosophy of Science 51 (2):308-333.
    I defend a view of the species category, pluralistic realism, which is designed to do justice to the insights of many different groups of systematists. After arguing that species are sets and not individuals, I proceed to outline briefly some defects of the biological species concept. I draw the general moral that similar shortcomings arise for other popular views of the nature of species. These shortcomings arise because the legitimate interests of biology are diverse, and these diverse interests are reflected (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   177 citations  
  17.  20
    The Return of the Gene.Kim Sterelny & Philip Kitcher - 1988 - Journal of Philosophy 85 (7):339.
  18. Real Realism: The Galilean Strategy.Philip Kitcher - 2012 - Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 101:193-239.
    This essay aims to disentangle various types of anti-realism, and to disarm the considerations that are deployed to support them. I distinguish empiricist versions of anti-realism from constructivist versions, and, within each of these, semantic arguments from epistemological arguments. The centerpiece of my defense of a modest version of realism - real realism - is the thought that there are resources within our ordinary ways of talking about and knowing about everyday objects that enable us to extend our claims to (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   33 citations  
  19.  38
    Preludes to Pragmatism: Toward a Reconstruction of Philosophy.Philip Kitcher - 2012 - Oup Usa.
    In these essays, distinguished philosopher Philip Kitcher argues for a reconstruction of philosophy along the lines of classical Pragmatism.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   19 citations  
  20. Philosophy Inside Out.Philip Kitcher - 2011 - Metaphilosophy 42 (3):248-260.
    Abstract: Philosophy is often conceived in the Anglophone world today as a subject that focuses on questions in particular “core areas,” pre-eminently epistemology and metaphysics. This article argues that the contemporary conception is a new version of the scholastic “self-indulgence for the few” of which Dewey complained nearly a century ago. Philosophical questions evolve, and a first task for philosophers is to address issues that arise for their own times. The article suggests that a renewal of philosophy today should turn (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   31 citations  
  21. Primates and Philosophers. How Morality Evolved.Frans de Waal, Stephen Macedo, Josiah Ober, Robert Wright, Christine M. Korsgaard & Philip Kitcher - 2007 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 69 (3):598-599.
    No categories
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   49 citations  
  22.  39
    Explaining Science: A Cognitive Approach by Ronald N. Giere. [REVIEW]Philip Kitcher - 1991 - Journal of Philosophy 88 (3):163-167.
  23. Function and Design.Philip Kitcher - 1993 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 18 (1):379-397.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   90 citations  
  24.  10
    The Division of Cognitive Labor.Philip Kitcher - 1990 - Journal of Philosophy 87 (1):5-22.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   103 citations  
  25.  78
    Précis of Vaulting Ambition: Sociobiology and the Quest for Human Nature.Philip Kitcher - 1987 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 10 (1):61-71.
    The debate about the credentials of sociobiology has persisted because scholars have failed to distinguish the varieties of sociobiology and because too little attention has been paid to the details of the arguments that are supposed to support the provocative claims about human social behavior. I seek to remedy both deficiencies. After analysis of the relationships among different kinds of sociobiology and contemporary evolutionary theory, I attempt to show how some of the studies of the behavior of nonhuman animals meet (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   103 citations  
  26. Does 'Race' Have a Future?Philip Kitcher - 2007 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 35 (4):293–317.
  27. Real Realism: The Galilean Strategy.Philip Kitcher - 2001 - Philosophical Review 110 (2):151-197.
    This essay aims to disentangle various types of anti-realism, and to disarm the considerations that are deployed to support them. I distinguish empiricist versions of anti-realism from constructivist versions, and, within each of these, semantic arguments from epistemological arguments. The centerpiece of my defense of a modest version of realism - real realism - is the thought that there are resources within our ordinary ways of talking about and knowing about everyday objects that enable us to extend our claims to (...)
    Direct download (11 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   53 citations  
  28. The Return of the Gene.Kim Sterelny & Philip Kitcher - 1988 - Journal of Philosophy 85 (7):339-361.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   88 citations  
  29.  51
    Vaulting Ambition.Philip Kitcher - 1988 - Noûs 22 (3):479-482.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   88 citations  
  30. The Advancement of Science: Science Without Legend, Objectivity Without Illusions.Philip Kitcher - 1996 - Erkenntnis 44 (3):379-395.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   69 citations  
  31. Biology and Ethics.Philip Kitcher - 2005 - In David Copp (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Ethical Theory. Oxford University Press.
    This chapter outlines three programs that aim to use biological insights in support of philosophical positions in ethics: Aristotelian approaches found, for example, in Thomas Hurka and Philippa Foot; Humean approaches found in Simon Blackburn and Allan Gibbard; and biologically grounded approaches found in of Elliott Sober and Brian Skyrms. The first two approaches begin with a philosophical view, and seek support for it in biology. The third approach begins with biology, and uses it to illuminate the status of morality. (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   31 citations  
  32.  20
    Real Realism: The Galilean Strategy.Philip Kitcher - 2001 - Philosophical Review 110 (2):151.
    There are almost as many versions of realism as there are antirealists, each ready to supply a preferred characterization before undertaking demolition. Even in the case of scientific realism, my topic here, I recognize two major antirealist themes.
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   44 citations  
  33. Refining the Causal Theory of Reference for Natural Kind Terms.P. Kyle Stanford & Philip Kitcher - 2000 - Philosophical Studies 97 (1):97-127.
  34. The Advancement of Science: Science Without Legend, Objectivity Without Illusions.Philip Kitcher - 1994 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 45 (3):929-932.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   61 citations  
  35. Theories, Theorists and Theoretical Change.Philip Kitcher - 1978 - Philosophical Review 87 (4):519-547.
  36.  37
    Living with Darwin: Evolution, Design, and the Future of Faith.Philip Kitcher - 2007 - Oup Usa.
    In this short, elegant book, Philip Kitcher distills the case for Darwinian evolutionary theory and its implications in a clear and forceful way. Kitcher shows how the alleged rivals to Darwinism, like Intelligent Design, are essentially scientifically bankrupt - and that scientific discoveries, including Darwin's, pose a genuine problem for religious faith, one that neither Darwin's opponents nor his militant defenders have satisfactorily resolved.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   16 citations  
  37. Genes.Philip Kitcher - 1982 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 33 (4):337-359.
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   60 citations  
  38. Knowledge, Democracy, and the Internet.Nicola Mößner & Philip Kitcher - 2017 - Minerva 55 (1):1-24.
    The internet has considerably changed epistemic practices in science as well as in everyday life. Apparently, this technology allows more and more people to get access to a huge amount of information. Some people even claim that the internet leads to a democratization of knowledge. In the following text, we will analyze this statement. In particular, we will focus on a potential change in epistemic structure. Does the internet change our common epistemic practice to rely on expert opinions? Does it (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  39.  84
    The Illusory Riches of Sober's Monism.Philip Kitcher, Kim Sterelny & C. Kenneth Waters - 1990 - Journal of Philosophy 87 (3):158-161.
  40.  39
    Scientific Knowledge.Philip Kitcher - 2002 - In Paul K. Moser (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Epistemology. Oxford University Press. pp. 385--408.
    In “Scientific Knowledge,” Philip Kitcher challenges arguments that deny the truth of the theoretical claims of science, and he attempts to discover reasons for endorsing the truth of such claims. He suggests that the discovery of such reasons might succeed if we ask why anyone thinks that the theoretical claims we accept are true and then look for answers that reconstruct actual belief‐generating processes. To this end, Kitcher presents the “homely argument” for scientific truth, which claims that when a field (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   32 citations  
  41. Abusing Science--The Case Against Creationism.Philip Kitcher - 1985 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 36 (1):85-89.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   62 citations  
  42. Minnesota Studies in the Philosophy of Science.Philip Kitcher & Wesley C. Salmon - 1989 - Minnesota Studies in the Philosophy of Science 13.
  43. On the Explanatory Role of Correspondence Truth.Philip Kitcher - 2002 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 64 (2):346-364.
    An intuitive argument for scientific realism suggests that our successes in predicting and intervening would be inexplicable if the theories that generate them were not approximate y true. This argument faces many objections, some of which are briefly addressed in this paper, and one of which is treated in more detail. The focal criticism alleges that appeals to success cannot deliver conclusions that parts of science are true in the sense of truth-as-correspondence that realists prefer. The paper responds to that (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   27 citations  
  44. The Evolution of Human Altruism.Philip Kitcher - 1993 - Journal of Philosophy 90 (10):497.
  45.  97
    Unification as a Regulative Ideal.Philip Kitcher - 1999 - Perspectives on Science 7 (3):337-348.
  46. Explanation, Conjunction, and Unification.Philip Kitcher - 1976 - Journal of Philosophy 73 (8):207-212.
  47. The Third Way: Reflections on Helen Longino’s The Fate of Knowledge.Philip Kitcher - 2002 - Philosophy of Science 69 (4):549-559.
  48.  34
    In Mendel's Mirror: Philosophical Reflections on Biology.Philip Kitcher - 2002 - Oxford University Press.
    Philip Kitcher is one of the leading figures in the philosophy of science today. Here he collects, for the first time, many of his published articles on the philosophy of biology, spanning from the mid-1980's to the present. The book's title refers to Gregor Mendel, an Augustinian monk who was one of the first scientists to develop a theory of heredity. Mendel's work has been deeply influential to our understanding of our selves and our world, just as the study of (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   17 citations  
  49. A Priori Knowledge Revisited.Philip Kitcher - 2000 - In Paul Boghossian & Christopher Peacocke (eds.), New Essays on the a Priori. Oxford Up.
    a priori. Since I ended up defending an unpopular answer to this question—"No"—it’s hardly surprising that people have scrutinized the account, or that many have concluded that I stacked the deck in the first place. Of course, this was not my view of the matter. My own judgment was that I’d uncovered the tacit commitments of mathematical apriorists and that the widespread acceptance of mathematical apriorism rested on failure to ask what was needed for knowledge to be a priori . (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   23 citations  
  50. Biomedical Research, Neglected Diseases, and Well-Ordered Science.Julian Reiss & Philip Kitcher - 2009 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 24 (3):263-282.
    In this paper we make a proposal for reforming biomedical research that is aimed to align re-search more closely with the so-called fair-share principle according to which the proportions of global resources as-signed to different diseases should agree with the ratios of human suffering associated with those diseases.
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   14 citations  
1 — 50 / 212