In Andrew Woodhall & Gabriel Garmendia da Trindade (eds.), Ethics and/or Politics: Approaching the Issues Concerning Nonhuman Animals. London: Palgrave (forthcoming)
Can a nonhuman animal sulk, understand admonishments, and learn to control her emotions? Some biologists (Bateson, 2003) and philosophers (Griffiths, 1997) hypothesize that the behaviors of great apes have homologies with the behaviors of Homo sapiens. But Darwin went further, claiming that the mental, experiential, states of orangutans and children are the same. Should we believe Darwin about orangutans? And, if we should, what should we think about the mental states of our so-called “food animals?” Intuitively, orangutans have more of what it takes to be a person than do, say, pigs. Even if Darwin is right about orangutans—they are like children—what about hogs and cows? Are the nonhuman animals we eat like children?
|Keywords||Far-persons animal rights Darwin orangutans simple minds hogs cows argument from overlapping species|
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