Idealistic Studies 19:1 (1989)

Jonathan A. Jacobs
CUNY Graduate Center
It is only for persons that the question, “How shall I live?” arises, and it arises inevitably, even if in an inarticulate and unreflective manner. Persons must deliberate, decide, plan, and schedule their actions. Openness with respect to ends confronts them, and they must structure and direct their lives by determining what sort of career to trace out, even if it proves to be a career of routine or unambitious undertakings. Circumstances can constrain and compel, and the openness persons confront can be closed off by external factors. But it is intrinsic to the nature of persons that the exercise of capacities for thought and action may be directed this way or that. There are perhaps nonpersons whose activity is to be explained with reference to beliefs and desires. But even if they act in an end-directed way, they do not experience openness with respect to ends and do not order and orient their life histories by deliberative considerations.
Keywords self-conception, practical reasoning, self-knowledge, virtue, pleasure
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.5840/idstudies19891913
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 65,581
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Against Deliberation Restrictions.Garrett Pendergraft - 2014 - Religious Studies 50 (3):341-357.
Temperance and Emotion in Moral Deliberation.Mark Fishel Carr - 1998 - Dissertation, University of Virginia
The Small Improvement Argument.Nicolas Espinoza - 2008 - Synthese 165 (1):127 - 139.
Deux concepts de tolérance dans le libéralisme politique.Marc-Antoine Dilhac - 2005 - Archives de Philosophie du Droit 49:137-157.
Omniscience and Deliberation.Bruce R. Reichenbach - 1984 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 16 (3):225 - 236.
Good Intentions and the Road to Hell.Sarah K. Paul - 2017 - Philosophical Explorations 20 (2):40-54.
When Deliberation Produces Extremism.David Schkade, Cass R. Sunstein & Reid Hastie - 2010 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 22 (2-3):227-252.
Worldwide Deliberation and Public Use of Reason Online.May Thorseth - 2006 - Ethics and Information Technology 8 (4):243-252.
Terrorism, Moral Conceptions, and Moral Innocence.Thomas J. Donahue - 2013 - Philosophical Forum 44 (4):413-435.


Added to PP index

Total views
22 ( #500,059 of 2,461,640 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
1 ( #448,599 of 2,461,640 )

How can I increase my downloads?


My notes