Therapeutic abortion in Islam: contemporary views of Muslim Shiite scholars and effect of recent Iranian legislation
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Medical Ethics 32 (11):652-657 (2006)
Abortion is forbidden under normal circumstances by nearly all the major world religions. Traditionally, abortion was not deemed permissible by Muslim scholars. Shiite scholars considered it forbidden after implantation of the fertilised ovum. However, Sunni scholars have held various opinions on the matter, but all agreed that after 4 months gestation abortion was not permitted. In addition, classical Islamic scholarship had only considered threats to maternal health as a reason for therapeutic abortion. Recently, scholars have begun to consider the effect of severe fetal deformities on the mother, the families and society. This has led some scholars to reconsider the prohibition on abortion in limited circumstances. This article reviews the Islamic basis for the prohibition of abortion and the reasons for its justification. Contemporary rulings from leading Shiite scholars and from the Sunni school of thought are presented and reviewed. The status of abortion in Muslim countries is reviewed, with special emphasis on the therapeutic abortion law passed by the Iranian Parliament in 2003. This law approved therapeutic abortion before 16 weeks of gestation under limited circumstances, including medical conditions related to fetal and maternal health. Recent measures in Iran provide an opportunity for the Muslim scholars in other countries to review their traditional stance on abortion
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Angela Ballantyne, Ainsley Newson, Florencia Luna & Richard Ashcroft (2009). Prenatal Diagnosis and Abortion for Congenital Abnormalities: Is It Ethical to Provide One Without the Other? American Journal of Bioethics 9 (8):48-56.
Hazar Haidar, Vardit Rispler-Chaim, Anthony Hung, Subhashini Chandrasekharan & Vardit Ravitsky (2015). Noninvasive Prenatal Testing: Implications for Muslim Communities. Ajob Empirical Bioethics 6 (1):94-105.
Abdulrahman Al-Matary & Jaffar Ali (2014). Controversies and Considerations Regarding the Termination of Pregnancy for Foetal Anomalies in Islam. BMC Medical Ethics 15 (1):10.
Similar books and articles
Ataullah Siddiqui (1997). Ethics in Islam: Key Concepts and Contemporary Challenges. Journal of Moral Education 26 (4):423-431.
Richard Foltz (2000). Is There an Islamic Environmentalism? Environmental Ethics 22 (1):63-72.
Iqbal H. Jaffer & Shabbir M. H. Alibhai (2008). The Permissibility of Organ Donation, End-of-Life Care, and Autopsy in Shiite Islam: A Case Study. In Jonathan E. Brockopp & Thomas Eich (eds.), Muslim Medical Ethics: From Theory to Practice. University of South Carolina Press.
David F. Walbert (1973). Abortion, Society, and the Law. Cleveland [Ohio]Press of Case Western Reserve University.
Ronald L. Nettler, Mohamed Mahmoud & John Cooper (eds.) (2000). Islam and Modernity: Muslim Intellectuals Respond. I. B. Tauris.
Rana Dajani (2012). Evolution and Islam's Quantum Question. Zygon 47 (2):343-353.
Nidhal Guessoum (2012). Issues and Agendas of Islam and Science. Zygon 47 (2):367-387.
Farshad Sadri (2010). How Early Muslim Scholars Assimilated Aristotle and Made Iran the Intellectual Center of the Islamic World: A Study of Falsafah. Edwin Mellen Press.
Z. Eyadat (2012). Islams: Between Dialoguing and Mainstreaming. Philosophy and Social Criticism 38 (4-5):507-516.
Hossam E. Fadel (2012). Developments in Stem Cell Research and Therapeutic Cloning: Islamic Ethical Positions, a Review. Bioethics 26 (3):128-135.
Rumee Ahmed (2011). The Lash is Mightier Than the Sword1: Torture and Citizenry in Medieval Muslim Jurisprudence. Journal of Religious Ethics 39 (4):606-612.
Oddbjørn Leirvik (2006). Human Conscience and Muslim-Christian Relations: Modern Egyptian Thinkers on Al-Ḍamīr. Routledge.
Donna Lee Bowen (2003). Contemporary Muslim Ethics of Abortion. In Jonathan E. Brockopp (ed.), Islamic Ethics of Life: Abortion, War, and Euthanasia. University of South Carolina Press.
Added to index2010-08-24
Total downloads10 ( #409,248 of 1,925,273 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #418,236 of 1,925,273 )
How can I increase my downloads?