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  1. added 2019-01-10
    In Dubio Pro Embryone. Neue Argumente Zum Moralischen Status Menschlicher Embryonen.Gregor Damschen & Dieter Schönecker - 2003 - In Gregor Damschen & Dieter Schönecker (eds.), Der moralische Status menschlicher Embryonen. Pro und contra Spezies-, Kontinuums-, Identitäts- und Potentiali­tätsargument. Berlin & New York: de Gruyter. pp. 187-267.
    When in doubt, for the embryo. New arguments on the moral status of human embryos. - In the first part of our essay we distinguish the philosophical from the legal and political level of the embryo debate and describe our indirect justification strategy. It consists in renouncing a determination of the dignity-giving φ-properties and instead starting from premises that are undoubted by all discussion partners. In the second part we reconstruct and criticize the species, continuum, identity and potentiality arguments. The (...)
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  2. added 2019-01-10
    Die Würde Menschlicher Embryonen. Zur Moralischen Relevanz von Potentialität Und Numerischer Identität.Gregor Damschen & Dieter Schönecker - 2003 - Internationale Zeitschrift für Philosophie (2):44-69.
    The dignity of human embryos. On the moral relevance of potentiality and numerical identity. -.
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  3. added 2018-12-31
    The Consistency of Medical Conscience Clause in the Light of the Abortion Debate.Krzysztof Jaworski - 2016 - Diametros 47:84-97.
    The article describes the problem of the consistency of the medical conscience clause in the Polish legal system. In the first part of the paper, I outline an account of conscience as the ultimate norm of morality. In its second part, I discuss the meaning of conscience clause and its legal status. Part three examines some criticisms of the clause in its present form. The main criticism is that the clause is self-referential, which in some cases leads to absurdity.
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  4. added 2018-12-12
    Der moralische Status menschlicher Embryonen. Pro und contra Spezies-, Kontinuums-, Identitäts- und Potentiali­tätsargument.Gregor Damschen & Dieter Schönecker (eds.) - 2003 - Berlin & New York: de Gruyter.
    In the debate about the moral status of human embryos, it is not always clear which arguments are actually disputed. This book offers students and researchers, but also laypersons interested in the current debate, the opportunity to inform themselves about the current state of discussion and to learn about the most important arguments in a clear and concise form. These arguments are as follows: Since embryos as members of the species homo sapiens sapiens are human beings, they possess dignity (species (...)
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  5. added 2018-11-16
    A Defense Of Abortion. [REVIEW]Andrea Westlund - 2004 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 1 (3):378-382.
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  6. added 2018-11-01
    Abortion and Infanticide: A Triple Libertarian and Critical-Rationalist Defence.J. C. Lester - manuscript
    From libertarian and critical-rationalist assumptions, the moral permissibility of abortion and infanticide can be explained and defended in three principal ways; although non-libertarians and justificationists could also accept these arguments. These include theories of personhood and harm-infliction. The three defences are independent of each other but collectively consistent. 1) The unborn and infant human is not a person in the relevant intellectual and moral sense. 2) There is no overall proactive imposition (harm-infliction), as the unborn or infant human is only (...)
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  7. added 2018-10-23
    Abortion, Abandonment, and Positive Rights: The Limits of Compulsory Altruism*: RODERICK T. LONG.Roderick T. Long - 1993 - Social Philosophy and Policy 10 (1):166-191.
    We began with three propositions: that people have a right not to be treated as mere means to the ends of others, that a woman who voluntarily becomes pregnant nevertheless has the right to an abortion, and that a woman who voluntarily gives birth does not have a right to abandon her child until she finds a substitute caretaker. These propositions initially seemed inconsistent, for the prohibition on treating others as mere means appeared to rule out the possibility of positive (...)
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  8. added 2018-10-08
    Saving Seven Embryos or Saving One Child? Michael Sandel on the Moral Status of Human Embryos.Gregor Damschen & Dieter Schönecker - 2007 - Journal of Philosophical Research 32 (Ethics and the Life Sciences):239-245.
    Suppose a fire broke out in a fertility clinic. One had time to save either a young girl, or a tray of ten human embryos. Would it be wrong to save the girl? According to Michael Sandel, the moral intuition is to save the girl; what is more, one ought to do so, and this demonstrates that human embryos do not possess full personhood, and hence deserve only limited respect and may be killed for medical research. We will argue, however, (...)
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  9. added 2018-09-12
    Abortion, Persons, and Futures of Value.Donald Wilson - 2007 - Philosophy in the Contemporary World 14 (2):86-97.
    Don Marquis argues that his “future of value” account of the ethics of killing affords us a persuasive argument against abortion that avoids difficult questions about the moral status of the fetus. I argue that Marquis’ account is missing essential detail required for the claimed plausibility of the argument and that any attempt to provide this needed detail can be expected to undercut the claim of plausibility. I argue that this is the case because attempts to provide the missing detail (...)
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  10. added 2018-09-11
    How Not to Defend the Unborn.David B. Hershenov & Philip Reed - forthcoming - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy.
    It is sometimes proposed that killing or harming abortion providers is the only logically consistent position available to opponents of abortion. Since lethal violence against morally responsible attackers is normally viewed as justified in order to defend innocent parties, pro-lifers should also think so in the case of the abortion doctor and so they should act to defend the unborn. In our paper, we defend the mainstream pro-life view against killing abortion doctors. We argue that the pro-life view can, in (...)
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  11. added 2018-09-06
    Even If the Fetus is Not a Person, Abortion is Immoral: The Impairment Argument.Perry Hendricks - 2018 - Bioethics:1-9.
    Much of the discussion surrounding the ethics of abortion has centered around the notion of personhood. This is because many philosophers hold that the morality of abortion is contingent on whether the fetus is a person - though, of course, some famous philosophers have rejected this thesis (e.g. Judith Thomson and Don Marquis). In this article, I construct a novel argument for the immorality of abortion based on the notion of impairment. This argument does not assume that the fetus is (...)
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  12. added 2018-09-06
    Abortion.Nathan Nobis - 2016 - The Philosophers' Magazine 72:87-88.
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  13. added 2018-09-06
    Review: Beating Hearts: Abortion and Animal Rights.Nathan Nobis - 2016 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 1.
    This is a book review of Beating Hearts: Abortion and Animal Rights by Sherry F. Colb and Michael C. Dorf.
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  14. added 2018-08-24
    Personhood Under the Fourteenth Amendment.Vincent Samar - 2017 - Marquette Law Review 101 (2):287-331.
    This Article examines recent claims that the fetus be afforded the status of a person under the Fourteenth Amendment. It shows that such claims do not carry the necessary objectivity to operate reasonably in a pluralistic society. It then goes on to afford what a better view of personhood that could so operate might actually look like. Along the way, this Article takes seriously the real deep concerns many have for the sanctity of human life. By the end, it attempts (...)
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  15. added 2018-08-14
    Conscientious Refusal of Abortion in Emergency Life-Threatening Circumstances and Contested Judgments of Conscience.Wojciech Ciszewski & Tomasz Żuradzki - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (7):62-64.
    Lawrence Nelson (2018) criticizes conscientious objection (CO) to abortion statutes as far as they permit health care providers to escape criminal liability for what would otherwise be the legally wrongful taking of a pregnant woman’s life by refusing treatment (i.e. abortion). His key argument refers to the U.S. Supreme Court judgment (Roe v. Wade 1973) that does not treat the unborn as constitutional persons under the Fourteenth Amendment. Therefore, Nelson claims that within the U.S. legal system any vital interests of (...)
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  16. added 2018-08-14
    Review of The Practice of Death by Eike-Henner W. Kluge.Alison Jaggar - 1976 - The Queen's Quarterly (Canada) (1).
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  17. added 2018-08-14
    Abortion and a Woman's Right to Decide.Alison Jaggar - 1973 - Philosophical Forum 5 (1):347.
  18. added 2018-08-09
    Early and Later Abortions: Ethics and Law.Nathan Nobis - forthcoming - In Bob Fischer (ed.), Ethics, Left and Right: The Moral Issues That Divide Us. Oxford University Press.
    Most abortions occur early in pregnancy. I argue that these abortions, and so most abortions, are not morally wrong and that the best arguments given to think that these abortions are wrong are weak. I also argue that these abortions, and probably all abortions, should be legal. -/- I begin by observing that people sometimes respond to the issue by describing the circumstances of abortion, not offering reasons for their views about those circumstances; I then dismiss “question-begging” arguments about abortion (...)
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  19. added 2018-07-02
    Applied Ethics: An Impartial Introduction.Tyron Goldschmidt & Elizabeth Jackson - forthcoming - Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing.
  20. added 2018-06-30
    Abortion: Three Perspectives.Michael Tooley, Celia Wolf-Devine, Philip E. Devine & Alison M. Jaggar - 2009 - Oup Usa.
    The newest addition to the Point/Counterpoint Series, Abortion: Three Perspectives features a debate between four noted philosophers - Michael Tooley, Celia Wolf-Devine, Philip E. Devine, and Alison M. Jaggar - presenting different perspectives on one of the most socially and politically argued issues of the past 30 years. The three main arguments include the "liberal" pro-choice approach, the "communitarian" pro-life approach, and the "gender justice" approach. Divided into two parts, the text features the authors' ideas, developed in depth, and their (...)
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  21. added 2018-06-08
    There is No Right to the Death of the Fetus.Perry Hendricks - 2018 - Bioethics (6):1-3.
    Joona Räsänen, in his article ‘Ectogenesis, abortion and a right to the death of the fetus’, has argued for the view that parents have a right to the death of the fetus. In this article, I will explicate the three arguments Räsänen defends, and show that two of them have false or unmotivated premises and hence fail, and that the support he offers for his third argument is inconsistent with other views he expresses in his article. Therefore, I conclude that (...)
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  22. added 2018-06-04
    Evictionism is Libertarian; Departurism is Not: Critical Comment on Parr.Walter Block - 2011 - Libertarian Papers 3.
    Evictionist theory allows the mother of an unwanted fetus not to kill it but to at any time evict it from her womb, even if it sometimes means the death of the latter. Departurism is incompatible with that philosophy. Parr supports the latter theory. The present paper is devoted to a refutation of that perspective.
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  23. added 2018-06-04
    A Theology of Death: The Slave Trade, the Holocaust and Abortion - the Delusions of Religious Atheism.P. H. Brazier - 2011 - New Blackfriars 92 (1039):285-307.
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  24. added 2018-06-04
    US Catholics and the Presidential Election: Abortion and Proportionate Reasons.James L. Heft - 2005 - New Blackfriars 86 (1003):259-275.
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  25. added 2018-06-04
    The Hide-and-Seek Game: Men's Perspectives on Abortion and Contraceptive Use Within Marriage in a Rural Community in Zimbabwe.Jeremiah Chikovore, Gunilla Lindmark, Lennarth Nystrom, Michael T. Mbizvo & Beth Maina Ahlberg - 2002 - Journal of Biosocial Science 34 (3):317-332.
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  26. added 2018-06-04
    Female Genital Mutilation and the Moral Status of Abortion.Christopher Hughes Conn - 2001 - Public Affairs Quarterly 15 (1):1-15.
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  27. added 2018-06-04
    Democracy and Moral Disagreement: Reciprocity, Slavery, and Abortion.Robert P. George - 1999 - In Stephen Macedo (ed.), Deliberative Politics: Essays on Democracy and Disagreement. Oxford University Press. pp. 193.
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  28. added 2018-06-04
    Is a Ban on Partial-Birth Abortions Within Congress's Enumerated Powers.Roger Clegg - 1998 - Nexus 3:25.
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  29. added 2018-06-04
    Human Fetal Tissue Transplantation Research and Elective Abortion.James E. Reagan Gabriel Palmer‐Fernandez - 1998 - Journal of Social Philosophy 29 (1):5-19.
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  30. added 2018-06-04
    9. Love and Will in the Miracle of Birth: An Arendtian Critique of George Grant on Abortion.Leah Bradshaw - 1996 - In Arthur Davis (ed.), George Grant and the Subversion of Modernity: Art, Philosophy, Religion, Politics and Education. University of Toronto Press. pp. 220-242.
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  31. added 2018-06-04
    Gynaecologists and Abortion in Northern Ireland.Colin Francome - 1994 - Journal of Biosocial Science 26 (3):389-389.
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  32. added 2018-06-04
    Contested Lives: The Abortion Debate in an American Community.Faye D. Ginsburg & Laurence H. Tribe - 1993 - Ethics 103 (3):516-539.
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  33. added 2018-06-04
    Review: The Abortion Debate: The Search for Common Ground, Part 2. [REVIEW]Nancy Davis - 1993 - Ethics 103 (4):731 - 778.
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  34. added 2018-06-04
    Abortion, Moral Responsibility, and Self-Defense.Fred C. Dobbs - 1993 - Public Affairs Quarterly 7 (4).
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  35. added 2018-06-04
    Review: The Abortion Debate: The Search for Common Ground, Part 1. [REVIEW]Nancy Davis - 1993 - Ethics 103 (3):516 - 539.
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  36. added 2018-06-04
    Anarchy and Abortion (Pt 1).Robert Barford - 1989 - The Acorn 4 (2):8-11.
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  37. added 2018-06-04
    A Kantian Approach to Abortion.R. M. Hare - 1989 - Social Theory and Practice 15 (1):1-14.
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  38. added 2018-06-04
    Anarchy and Abortion (Pt 2).Robert Barford - 1989 - The Acorn 4 (2):19-19.
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  39. added 2018-06-04
    Criticisms of Liberal/Feminist Views on Abortion.Susan Leigh Anderson - 1987 - Public Affairs Quarterly 1 (2):83-96.
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  40. added 2018-06-04
    Counselling Needs of Women Seeking Abortions.M. J. Hare & Jane Heywood - 1981 - Journal of Biosocial Science 13 (3):269.
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  41. added 2018-06-04
    Abortion in India, with Particular Reference to West Bengal.Ranajit Dutta - 1980 - Journal of Biosocial Science 12 (2):191.
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  42. added 2018-06-04
    Indirect Measurements of Family Size Preferences and of Abortion.J. C. Barret - 1977 - Journal of Biosocial Science 9 (3):279.
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  43. added 2018-06-04
    Religion and Legal Abortion in Northern Ireland.Paul A. Compton, Lorna Goldstrom & J. M. Goldstrom - 1974 - Journal of Biosocial Science 6 (4):493.
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  44. added 2018-06-04
    Estimation of Illegal Abortions.C. B. Goodhart - 1969 - Journal of Biosocial Science 1 (3):235.
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  45. added 2018-06-01
    How Should One Live? An Introduction to Ethics and Moral Reasoning.Bradley Thames - 2018 - San Diego, CA, USA: Bridgepoint Education.
    This book provides an entry-level introduction to philosophical ethics, theories of moral reasoning, and selected issues in applied ethics. Chapter 1 describes the importance of philosophical approaches to ethical issues, the general dialectical form of moral reasoning, and the broad landscape of moral philosophy. Chapter 2 presents egoism and relativism as challenges to the presumed objectivity and unconditionality of morality. Chapters 3, 4 and 5 discuss utilitarianism, deontology, and virtue ethics, respectively. Each chapter begins with a general overview of the (...)
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  46. added 2018-04-27
    An African Account of Reproductive Rights.Thaddeus Metz - forthcoming - In Jonathan Chimakonam (ed.), Contemporary Issues in African Philosophy.
    A large majority of African philosophers maintain that abortion is immoral, principally because they view it as incompatible with an ethic that ascribes fundamental value to life-force, vitality and related properties. In my contribution to this volume, I would seek to answer the question of what resources there are in the African philosophical tradition to defend an individual woman’s right to get an abortion and related rights such as to contraception and the ‘morning after’ pill. Supposing that one wanted to (...)
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  47. added 2018-03-07
    Die Ontologie des Embryos.Barry Smith & Berit Brogaard - 2008 - In Ludger Jansen & Barry Smith (eds.), Biomedizinische Ontologie: Wissen strukturieren für den Informatik-Einsatz. Zurich: UTB Forum (vdf). pp. 199-228.
    Der Abschluß der Gastrulation, der gleichzeitig auch den Anfang der Neurulation bedeutet, ist die zeitliche Grenze, die Beginn eines menschlichen Individuums markiert. Oft wird behauptet, daß jegliche natürliche Veränderung stetig ist. Wie ist es dann aber möglich, eine zeitliche Grenze auszuzeichnen, an der ein menschliches Lebewesen zu existieren beginnt? Man beachte, was geschieht, wenn wir vom Thema zeitlicher Unstetigkeit zum räumlichen übergehen. Lebewesen haben räumliche Grenzen (wie sie durch ihre Haut geformt wird). Die letzteren sind genuine Diskontinuitäten, auch angesichts der (...)
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  48. added 2018-02-21
    Beyond Infanticide: How Psychological Accounts of Persons Can Justify Harming Infants.Daniel Rodger, Bruce P. Blackshaw & Calum Miller - 2018 - The New Bioethics 24 (2):106-121.
    It is commonly argued that a serious right to life is grounded only in actual, relatively advanced psychological capacities a being has acquired. The moral permissibility of abortion is frequently argued for on these grounds. Increasingly it is being argued that such accounts also entail the permissibility of infanticide, with several proponents of these theories accepting this consequence. We show, however, that these accounts imply the permissibility of even more unpalatable acts than infanticide performed on infants: organ harvesting, live experimentation, (...)
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  49. added 2018-02-18
    Feminist Reflections on Miscarriage, in Light of Abortion.Kate Parsons - 2010 - Ijfab: International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 3 (1):1-22.
    In 2006, and again in 2007, I suffered the miscarriages of two wanted and painstakingly planned pregnancies. In the aftermath of each, I found myself unprepared, as do many women who miscarry, for the devastation I would feel. In my attempts to cope, I sought solace in the written testimony of other women who had miscarried, in the medical statistics that reassured me I still had a strong chance of carrying another pregnancy to term, in the experiences of friends and (...)
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  50. added 2018-02-17
    Chimeras, Moral Status, and Public Policy: Implications of the Abortion Debate for Public Policy on Human/Nonhuman Chimera Research.Robert Streiffer - 2010 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 38 (2):238-250.
    Researchers are increasingly interested in creating chimeras by transplanting human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) into animals early in development. One concern is that such research could confer upon an animal the moral status of a normal human adult but then impermissibly fail to accord it the protections it merits in virtue of its enhanced moral status. Understanding the public policy implications of this ethical conclusion, though, is complicated by the fact that claims about moral status cannot play an unfettered role (...)
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