9. Moral realism and personal variations

In Strong Evaluation Without Moral Sources: On Charles Taylor's Philosophical Anthropology and Ethics. Berlin & New York: Walter de Gruyter. pp. 324-350 (2008)

Authors
Arto Laitinen
Tampere University
Abstract
A satisfactory theory of “strong evaluation” should manage to do two things: first of all, make sense of the distinction between impersonal ethical issues and personal orientation. Secondly, the deontic layer of reasons and norms should be taken into account, among other things because the central indicators of strong evaluation, namely praise and blame, presuppose norms and reasons as standards of praiseworthiness and blameworthiness. These two desiderata seem to pull in different directions. The suggested analysis of the deontic layer in terms of external, value-based reasons for action may make it seem even more difficult to allow for reasons of one’s own. I argue that there can be reasons of one’s own, depending on one’s orientations, commitments and the actual shape of one’s affective-conative responses. First I discuss the general reasons that decisions and commitments create, and general (stance-insensitive) reasons for making a commitment to X. These suffice as a reply to MacIntyre’s worry (9.2). Yet the picture can be developed further. Drawing on the idea of exclusionary reasons (introduced in 9.1), I discuss the general reasons for having an orientation of one’s own and the difference between an orientation to the good and a commitment to a good. The difference is the role they have as reasons for action. Commitments play a stronger role in practical reasoning because they are exclusionary reasons (9.3). Then I turn to non-uniformity and stance-sensitivity of reasons, and ask whether different people have stance-sensitive reasons to make different commitments (9.4). In the last section I analyze more closely the nature of personal resonance and the difference it may make (9.5).
Keywords Moral realism  Value orientations  Identity  Practical reasons  Stance-dependence
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1515/9783110211900.324
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

Our Archive


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 47,395
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Dialogical Approaches to Struggles Over Recognition and Distribution.Michael Temelini - 2014 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 17 (4):423-447.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

A Critique of Charles Taylor's Notions of “Moral Sources” and “Constitutive Goods”.Arto Laitinen - 2004 - In Jussi Kotkavirta & Michael Quante (eds.), Moral Realism. Acta Philosophica Fennica. pp. 73-104.
Moral Realism: Discovering Right and Wrong.Alice Perrin - 1988 - Dissertation, University of Miami
Gastronomic Realism - A Cautionary Tale.Don Loeb - 2003 - Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 23 (1):30-49.
Realism and Moral Epistemology.Geoffrey Donald Sayre-Mccord - 1986 - Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh
Devitt on Moral Realism.Boran Berčić - 2006 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 6 (1):63-68.
Morality, Meaning and Realism.Douglas Joel Butler - 1988 - Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh
The Moral Significance of Moral Realism.Torbjörn Tännsjö - 1988 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 26 (2):247-261.
How is Moral Disagreement a Problem for Realism?David Enoch - 2009 - Journal of Ethics 13 (1):15-50.
Outline for an Argument for Moral Realism.Lars Bergström - 1981 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 12 (1):215-225.
A Critique of Moral Realism.Margaret Mary Ayotte Levvis - 1993 - Dissertation, The University of Tennessee

Analytics

Added to PP index
2017-01-12

Total views
3 ( #1,225,358 of 2,291,332 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
1 ( #827,672 of 2,291,332 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes

Sign in to use this feature