Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 20 (5):499-511 (1995)

Authors
James G. Lennox
University of Pittsburgh
Abstract
Variants on two approaches to the concept of health have dominated the philosophy of medicine, here referred to as ‘reductionist’ and ‘relativis’. These two approaches share the basic assumption that the concept of health cannot be both based on an empirical biological foundation and be evaluative, and thus adopt either the view that it is ‘objective’ or evaluative. It is here argued that there are a subset of value concepts that are formed in recognition of certain fundamental facts about living organisms, among which is the concept of health. These are not yet moral concepts, but they are ‘normative’ or ‘evaluative’. The view is defended that health, so understood, is a fundamental concept in the process of medical diagnosis and treatment. Keywords: health, value, objectivity, function CiteULike Connotea Del.icio.us What's this?
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DOI 10.1093/jmp/20.5.499
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Defining 'Health' and 'Disease'.Mark Ereshefsky - 2009 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 40 (3):221-227.
Defining ‘Health’ and ‘Disease’.Marc Ereshefsky - 2009 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 40 (3):221-227.
Health and Well-Being.Jason Raibley - 2013 - Philosophical Studies 165 (2):469-489.
Christopher Boorse and the Philosophy of Medicine.Thomas Schramme - 2014 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 39 (6):565-571.
The Factory Model of Disease.Neil E. Williams - 2007 - The Monist 90 (4):555-584.

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