What factors affect judicial decision-making? The legal system is of utmost importance because of its impact on our lives. Judges appear to have the most power among any social workers seeing as the precedents set in their decisions are tantamount to written law. Nevertheless, judges may be subject to certain biases, moral and cognitive alike, which influence their rulings. Looking into how morality and cognitive biases affect judges may also reveal how we as individuals handle combining morals with ethics- as well as whether any discrepancies among ourselves are justifiable. An investigation into relevant moral and jurisprudential theories revealed much about the inner workings of a judge’s mindset- whether he or she recognizes it or not. Coupling this with corroborated research on a select few heuristics present specifically for judges sets the foundation for an array of possible solutions in order to ensure the most impartial judicial proceedings. Plausible remedies include conducting premortems, implicit association tests, and a revised ruling procedure.
Keywords morality  moral philosophy  judicial philosophy  jurisprudence  utilitarianism  cognitive biases  cognitive heuristics  justice  equality
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Equality as a Moral Ideal.Harry Frankfurt - 1987 - Ethics 98 (1):21-43.
The History of Utilitarianism.Julia Driver - 2010 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

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