Philosophy and Technology 26 (4):381-395 (2013)

Abstract
The paper examines the connection between online security and the protection of civil rights from a legal viewpoint, that is, considering the different types of rights and interests that are at stake in national and international law and whether, and to what extent, they concern matters of balancing. Over the past years, the purpose of several laws, and legislative drafts such as ACTA, has been to impose “zero-sum games”. In light of current statutes, such as HADOPI in France, or Digital Economy Act in UK, the paper intends to illustrate how more satisfactory solutions are feasible in the field of online security, such as the new “Police and Criminal Justice Data Protection Directive” that the European Commission presented in January 2012. At least in Western legal systems, it should be clear that either civil rights prevail over security (no balancing), or such balance has to satisfactorily protect individual rights (proportionality)
Keywords Civil rights  Data protection  Filtering systems  Legal balancing  Online security  Privacy by design  Self-enforcing technologies
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DOI 10.1007/s13347-013-0119-6
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References found in this work BETA

Leviathan.Thomas Hobbes - 1651 - Harmondsworth, Penguin.
Two Treatises of Government.John Locke - 1988 - Cambridge University Press.
Two Treatises of Government.Roland Hall - 1966 - Philosophical Quarterly 16 (65):365.

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Two Concepts of Group Privacy.Michele Loi & Markus Christen - 2020 - Philosophy and Technology 33 (2):207-224.

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