Herlinde Pauer-Studer
University of Vienna
In this paper I suggest an account of knowledge by adding a fourth condition to the traditional analysis in terms of justified true belief. I am going to make a first proposal ruling out the Gettier-counterexamples.1 This proposal will then be corrected in the light of other counterexamples. The final analysis will be a combination of a justified-true-belief-account and a causal account of knowledge. Some philosophers have disputed that Gettier‟s examples must be accepted as refutations of the justified true belief analysis of knowledge.2 Their rejection rests on declining a principle underlying Gettier‟s reasoning, namely – as Thalberg calls it – the principle of deducibility of justification (PDJ). PDJ reads as following: For any proposition p, if a person S is justified in believing p, and p entails q, and S deduces q from p and accepts q as a result of this deduction, then S is justified in believing q. This principle allows, for example, the move in Gettier‟s first example from the proposition a) “Jones is the man who will get the job and Jones has ten coins in his pocket” to proposition b) “The man who will get the job has ten coins in his pocket”. 1
Keywords Philosophy
Categories No categories specified
(categorize this paper)
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

 PhilArchive page | Other versions
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

A Causal Theory of Knowing.Alvin I. Goldman - 1967 - Journal of Philosophy 64 (12):357-372.
Knowledge, Causality, and Justification.Marshall Swain - 1972 - Journal of Philosophy 69 (11):291-300.
In Defense of Justified True Belief.I. Thalberg - 1969 - Journal of Philosophy 66 (22):794-803.
Reasons, Causes, and Knowledge.Marshall Swain - 1978 - Journal of Philosophy 75 (5):229-249.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Is Justified True Behavior Knowledge?.Frank Hammonds - 2010 - Behavior and Philosophy 38:49-59.
Borges Scoops Gettier.M. DeVries Scott - 2017 - Philosophy and Literature 41 (1A):288-302.
Conditions of Knowledge.Herlinde Studer - 1981 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 14 (1):97-111.
Conditions of Knowledge.Herlinde Studer - 1981 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 14 (1):97-111.
Is Gettier’s First Example Flawed?Christoph Schmidt-Petri - 2003 - In Winfried Löffler & Weingartner Paul (eds.), Knowledge and Belief. ALWS.
Non-Pickwickian Belief and 'the Gettier Problem'.John Biro - 2017 - Logos and Episteme 8 (1):47-69.
A Contextualist Solution to the Gettier Problem.Igor Douven - 2005 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 69 (1):207-228.
What Should a Theory of Knowledge Do?Elijah Chudnoff - 2011 - Dialectica 65 (4):561-579.


Added to PP index

Total views
76 ( #145,128 of 2,462,157 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
9 ( #78,513 of 2,462,157 )

How can I increase my downloads?


My notes