Reasonableness of a doctor’s argument by authority: A pragma-dialectical analysis of the specific soundness conditions

Abstract
Argumentation can play an important role in medical consultation. A doctor could, for instance, argue in support of a treatment advice to overcome a patient’s hesitance about it. In this argumentation, the doctor might explicitly present him- or herself as an authority, thereby presenting an argument by authority. Depending on the specific conditions under which the doctor advances such an argument, the doctor’s argument by authority can constitute a sound or a fallacious contribution to the discussion. In this paper, I shall determine what the specific soundness conditions are that apply to a doctor’s argumentation by authority in medical consultation. Keywords: medical consultation, pragma-dialectical analysis, soundness condition, argument by authority, doctor-patient communication
Keywords doctor-patient communication  argument by authority
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DOI 10.1075/jaic.1.1.04pil
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