Johannes von Kries’s Objective Probability as a Semi-classical Concept. Prehistory, Preconditions and Problems of a Progressive Idea


Authors
Helmut Pulte
Ruhr-Universität Bochum
Abstract
Johannes von Kries’s Spielraum-theory is regarded as one of the most important philosophical contributions of the nineteenth century to an objective interpretation of probability. This paper aims at a critical and contextual analysis of von Kries’s approach: It is contextual insofar as it reconstructs the Spielraum-theory in the historical setting that formed his scientific and philosophical outlook. It is critical insofar as it unfolds systematic tensions and inconsistencies which are rooted in this context, especially in the grave change of mechanism which took place in the late nineteenth century. In this regard, the paper focuses on von Kries’s understanding of natural laws and nomological knowledge in relation to his concept of objective probability. While the formal approach of the Spielraum-theory—as far as developed by von Kries—seems sound, his epistemological claims with respect to nomological knowledge sustain classical mechanism and are hence difficult to substantiate from the point of view of modern science
Keywords von Kries  Objective probability  Spielraum  Natural law  Classical and modern science
Categories (categorize this paper)
ISBN(s)
DOI 10.1007/s10838-015-9317-5
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

Our Archive


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 43,728
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

The Natural-Range Conception of Probability.Jacob Rosenthal - 2009 - In Gerhard Ernst & Andreas Hüttemann (eds.), Time, Chance and Reduction: Philosophical Aspects of Statistical Mechanics. Cambridge University Press. pp. 71--90.
Origins of the Logical Theory of Probability: Von Kries, Wittgenstein, Waismann.Michael Heidelberger - 2001 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 15 (2):177 – 188.
Die Theorie -der Adäquaten Verursachung.Weyma Lübbe - 1993 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 24 (1):87 - 102.

View all 7 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Johannes von Kries’s Range Conception, the Method of Arbitrary Functions, and Related Modern Approaches to Probability.Jacob Rosenthal - 2016 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 47 (1):151-170.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Origins of the Logical Theory of Probability: Von Kries, Wittgenstein, Waismann.Michael Heidelberger - 2001 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 15 (2):177 – 188.
Die Theorie -der Adäquaten Verursachung.Weyma Lübbe - 1993 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 24 (1):87 - 102.
Interpretations of Probability.Weimin Sun - 2003 - Dissertation, The University of Connecticut
A Theory of Probability.T. V. Reeves - 1988 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 39 (2):161-182.
Probability and Determinism.Jan Platvono - 1982 - Philosophy of Science 49 (1):51-.
Probability and Determinism.Jan Von Plato - 1982 - Philosophy of Science 49 (1):51-66.
Zeitschrift für Psychologie.Kries Kries - 1892 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 34:559.
Sur la loi psychophysique.Kries Kries - 1883 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 16:225.
Probability, Objectivity, and Induction.Arnold Baise - 2013 - Journal of Ayn Rand Studies 13 (2):81-95.
Objective Probability Theory Theory.Ellery Eells - 2010 - In Ellery Eells & James H. Fetzer (eds.), Synthese. Springer. pp. 3--44.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2016-01-10

Total views
17 ( #496,642 of 2,264,670 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
2 ( #610,433 of 2,264,670 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes

Sign in to use this feature