Journal of Indian Philosophy 37 (4):349-366 (2009)

Abstract
According to Utpaladeva and Abhinavagupta, a subject who has freed himself from the bondage of individuality is necessarily compassionate, and his action, necessarily altruistic. This article explores the paradoxical aspects of this statement; for not only does it seem contradictory with the Pratyabhijñā’s non-dualism (how can compassion and altruism have any meaning if the various subjects are in fact a single, all-encompassing Self?)—it also implies a subtle shift in meaning as regards the very notion of compassion ( karuṇā, kr̥pā ), since according to the two Śaivas, compassion does not result from the awareness of the others’ pain ( duḥkha )—as in Buddhism—but from the awareness of one’s own bliss ( ānanda ). The article thus shows that in spite of their radical criticism of traditional ethical categories such as merit ( dharma ) and demerit ( adharma ), the two Śaiva philosophers still make use of ethical categories, but not without pro- foundly transforming them.
Keywords Utpaladeva  Abhinavagupta  Pratyabhijñā  Compassion  Altruism
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DOI 10.1007/s10781-009-9066-z
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References found in this work BETA

Otherness in the Pratyabhijñā Philosophy.Isabelle Ratié - 2007 - Journal of Indian Philosophy 35 (4):313-370.
Purity and Power Among the Brahmans of Kashmir.Alexis Sanderson - 1985 - In Michael Carrithers, Steven Collins & Steven Lukes (eds.), The Category of the Person: Anthropology, Philosophy, History. Cambridge University Press. pp. 190--216.
The Aesthetic Experience According to Abhinavagupta.Archie J. Bahm - 1956 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 18 (2):270-271.
Comparative Aesthetics.Kanti Chandra Pandey - 1959 - Varanasi, Chowkhamba Sanskrit Series Office.

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