Authors
Mark Sinclair
Manchester Metropolitan University
Abstract
This paper shows how reflection on habit leads in nineteenth-century French philosophy to Henri Bergson’s idea of duration in 1888 as a non-quantifiable dimension irreducible to time as measured by clocks. Historically, I show how Albert Lemoine’s 1875 L’habitude et l’instinct was crucial, since he holds – in a way that is both Ravaissonian and Bergsonian avant la lettre – that for the being capable of habit, the three elements of time are fused together. For that habituated being, Lemoine claims, it is not true to say that the past is no longer, nor even that the future is not yet. This historical link between Ravaisson and Bergson, however, only sharpens the philosophical question of how a dynamic conception of habit involves and requires a conception of real duration, of a temporality more original than clock-time, and, conversely, of how reflection on duration prior to clock-time involves a notion of habit. With reference to the work of Gilles Deleuze, the paper concludes by showing that there is an internal connection between these two grand philosophical themes of nineteenth- and then twentieth-century French thought: habit and time.
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories (categorize this paper)
Reprint years 2018
ISBN(s)
DOI 10.1080/09608788.2017.1337562
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

Our Archive


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 49,987
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Sein und Zeit.Martin Heidegger - 1928 - Annalen der Philosophie Und Philosophischen Kritik 7:161-161.
Kant's First Paralogism.Ian Proops - 2010 - Philosophical Review 119 (4):449–495.
Atter and Memory. [REVIEW]Henri Bergson - 1911 - Ancient Philosophy (Misc) 21:318.
Is Habit the 'Fossilised Residue of a Spiritual Activity'? Ravaisson, Bergson, Merleau-Ponty.Mark Sinclair - 2011 - Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 42 (1):33-52.
Habitual Body and Memory in Merleau-Ponty.Edward S. Casey - 1984 - Man and World 17 (3-4):279-297.

View all 20 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Habit as Resistance: Bergson's Philosophy of Second Nature.Olivia Brown - 2020 - European Journal of Philosophy 28 (2):394-409.
Bergson and the Spiritualist Origins of the Ideology of Creativity in Philosophy.Giuseppe Bianco - forthcoming - British Journal for the History of Philosophy:1-22.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

From Habit to Monads: Félix Ravaisson's Theory of Substance.Jeremy Dunham - 2015 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 23 (6):1085-1105.
Is Habit the 'Fossilised Residue of a Spiritual Activity'? Ravaisson, Bergson, Merleau-Ponty.Mark Sinclair - 2011 - Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 42 (1):33-52.
Between Freedom and Necessity: Félix Ravaisson on Habit and the Moral Life.Clare Carlisle - 2010 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 53 (2):123 – 145.
De L'Habitude.F. Ravaisson - 1894 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 2 (1):1 - 35.
Ravaisson and the Force of Habit.Mark Sinclair - 2011 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 49 (1):65-85.
On Habit.Clare Carlisle - 2014 - Routledge.
Einstein's Bergson Problem.Jimena Canales - 2016 - In Yuval Dolev & Michael Roubach (eds.), Boston Studies in the Philosophy and History of Science. Springer. pp. 53-72.
A Non-Bergsonian Bachelard.Jean François Perraudin - 2008 - Continental Philosophy Review 41 (4):463-479.
Henri Bergson.Nils F. Schott & Alexandre Lefebvre (eds.) - 2015 - Duke University Press.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2017-07-14

Total views
32 ( #299,218 of 2,324,058 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
4 ( #234,248 of 2,324,058 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes