Philosophy of Science 63 (4):562-584 (1996)
AbstractOnce upon a time in evolutionary theory, everything happened for the best. Predators killed only the old or the sick. Pecking orders and other dominance hierarchies minimized wasteful conflict within the group. Male displays ensured that only the best and the fittest had mates. In the culmination of this tradition, Wynne-Edwards argued that many species have mechanisms that ensure groups do not over-exploit their resource base. The “central function” of territoriality in birds and other higher animals is “of limiting the numbers of occupants per unit area of habitat”. Species with dominance hierarchies, species with lekking breeding systems, and species with communal breeding regulate their populations. These social mechanisms have population regulation as their “underlying primary function”. Wynne-Edwards argued that these mechanisms evolve through group selection. Populations without such mechanisms are apt to go extinct by eroding their own resource base.
Added to PP
Historical graph of downloads
References found in this work
The Structure and Confirmation of Evolutionary Theory.Elisabeth A. Lloyd - 1992 - Noûs 26 (1):132-133.
Reintroducing Group Selection to the Human Behavioral Sciences.David Sloan Wilson & Elliott Sober - 1994 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (4):585-608.
Alternative Formulations of Multilevel Selection.John Damuth & I. Lorraine Heisler - 1988 - Biology and Philosophy 3 (4):407-430.
Philosophy of Biology.Elliott Sober & Pénel Jean-Dominique - 1995 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 185 (3):382-383.
Citations of this work
Facts, Conventions, and the Levels of Selection.Pierrick Bourrat - 2021 - Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
A Conceptual and Empirical Framework for the Social Distribution of Cognition: The Case of Memory.Amanda Barnier, John Sutton, Celia Harris & Robert A. Wilson - 2008 - Cognitive Systems Research 9 (1):33-51.
Individualist and Multi-Level Perspectives on Selection in Structured Populations.Benjamin Kerr & Peter Godfrey-Smith - 2002 - Biology and Philosophy 17 (4):477-517.
Biological Individuals.Robert A. Wilson & Matthew J. Barker - 2019 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy 1 (1).
Similar books and articles
Multilevel Selection and the Return of Group-Level Functionalism.David Sloan Wilson & Elliott Sober - 1998 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (2):305-306.
Ce Qui Ne Revient Pas au Meme.Stéphane Habib & Raphaël Zagury-Orly - 2006 - Journal of Jewish Thought and Philosophy 14 (1-2):37-54.
Offering to Return Results to Research Participants: Attitudes and Needs of Principal Investigators in the Children's Oncology Group.Conrad V. Fernandez, Eric Kodish, Susan Shurin & Charles Weijer - unknown
The Return of the Tabula Rasa by Kim Sterelny.Alex Rosenberg - 2007 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 74 (2):476-497.
On the Phenomenon of “Return to Marx” in China.Ping He - 2007 - Frontiers of Philosophy in China 2 (2):219-229.
Recovering the Hyperdefinable Group Action in the Group Configuration Theorem.Byunghan Kim - 2010 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 75 (1):12-24.