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Summary Philosophical study of Ecology and Conservation Biology is a growing part of Philosophy of Science. Ecology and Conservation Biology are closely-related branches of biology. Ecology studies interactions between groups of organisms and among those groups and their environments. The questions of Conservation Biology arise from efforts to preserve groups of organisms or other biological units like ecosystems. Many of the questions in this area arise from more general questions in philosophy of science like the role of laws, the structure of explanations, the challenges of representation. The specific kinds of complexity arising from the interactions of so many and such different living organisms as are typical of ecological research make Ecology and Conservation Biology fruitful terrain for examining how scientists can represent complexity in a manageable way. Moreover, these biological disciplines are also appealed to in decision making, at scales from the management of a wetland to the development of international climate-change agreements. Some philosophers of science address biologists' capacities to answer the questions arising in these contexts, given the achievements and limitations of these complex sciences.
Key works An early monograph connecting ecology and conservation was Shrader-Frechette 1993. Cooper 2003 was the first monograph in philosophy of science focused on ecology.
Introductions Justus 2013 is an introduction to problems and debates in Philosophy of Ecology written for Biology instructors and other educators, but more generally useful for non-specialists. Colyvan et al 2009 surveys major issues in Philosophy of Ecology. Justus 2002 discusses prominent problems in Conservation Biology, and Sarkar 2004 is an introductory encyclopedia article on the same.
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  1. “It Felt More Like a Revolution.” How Behavioral Ecology Succeeded Ethology, 1970–1990.Cora Stuhrmann - forthcoming - Berichte Zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte.
    Berichte zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte, EarlyView.
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  2. “It Felt More like a Revolution.” How Behavioral Ecology Succeeded Ethology, 1970–1990.Cora Stuhrmann - forthcoming - Berichte Zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte.
    Berichte zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte, EarlyView.
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  3. Human Development and the Catholic Social Tradition: Towards an Integral Ecology.Séverine Deneulin - 2021 - Routledge.
    This book brings development theory and practice into dialogue with the religious tradition, to construct a new, trans-disciplinary vision of development. For researchers and students in development studies, theology, and religious studies, as well as professional audiences in development organisations.
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  4. Urban Ecology and Intervention in the 21st Century Americas: Verticality, Catastrophe, and the Mediated City.Allison M. Schifani - 2020 - Routledge.
    This book takes a hemispheric approach to contemporary urban intervention, examining urban ecologies, communication technologies, and cultural practices in the twenty-first century. It argues that governmental and social regimes of control and forms of political resistance converge in speculation on disaster and that this convergence has formed a vision of urban environments in the Americas in which forms of play and imaginations of catastrophe intersect in the vertical field. Schifani explores a diverse range of resistant urban interventions, imagining the city (...)
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  5. Spinoza, Ecology and International Law: Radical Naturalism in the Face of the Anthropocene.Moa De Lucia Dahlbeck - 2018 - Routledge.
    This book addresses the use of Benedict Spinoza's philosophy in current attempts to elaborate an ecological basis for international environmental law. Because the question of environmental protection has not been satisfactory resolved, the legal debate concerning our responsibility for the environment has - as evidenced in the recent UN report series Harmony with Nature - come to invite calls for a new eco-centric, rather than anthropocentric, legal paradigm. In this respect, Spinoza appears as a key figure. He is one of (...)
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  6. A Film-Philosophy of Ecology and Enlightenment.Rupert J. Read - 2018 - Routledge.
    Introduction: film as freedom: the meaning of film as philosophy -- Implicating the narrator, implicating the audience: Waltz with Bashir and Apocalypto -- How to represent a past we would rather forget: Hiroshima mon amour and Last year at Marienbad -- Learning from conceptually impossible versions of our world: Never let me go and The road -- When melancholia is exactly what is called for: Melancholia and Solaris -- Gravity's arc; or gravity: A space odyssey -- The fantasy of absolute (...)
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  7. Ecology and Revolution: Herbert Marcuse and the Challenge of a New World System Today.Charles Reitz - 2018 - Routledge.
    A timely addition to Henry Giroux's Critical Interventions series, Ecology and Revolution is grounded in the Frankfurt School critical theory of Herbert Marcuse. Its task is to understand the economic architecture of wealth extraction that undergirds today's intensifying inequalities of class, race, and gender, within a revolutionary ecological frame. Relying on newly discovered texts from the Frankfurt Marcuse Archive, this book builds theory and practice for an alternate world system. Ecology and radical political economy, as critical forms of systems analysis, (...)
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  8. Sociology and Human Ecology: Complexity and Post-Humanist Perspectives.John A. Smith & Chris Jenks - 2017 - Routledge.
  9. The Ecology of the English Outlaw in Medieval Literature: From Fen to Greenwood.Sarah Harlan-Haughey - 2016 - Routledge.
    Arguing that outlaw narratives become particularly popular and poignant at moments of national ecological and political crisis, Sarah Harlan-Haughey examines the figure of the outlaw in Anglo-Saxon poetry and Old English exile lyrics such as Beowulf, works dealing with the life and actions of Hereward, the Anglo-Norman romance of Fulk Fitz Waryn, the Robin Hood ballads, and the Tale of Gamelyn. Although the outlaw's wilderness shelter changed dramatically from the menacing fens and forests of Anglo-Saxon England to the bright, known, (...)
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  10. Whole Earth Thinking and Planetary Coexistence: Ecological Wisdom at the Intersection of Religion, Ecology, and Philosophy.Sam Mickey - 2015 - Routledge.
    Like never before in history, humans are becoming increasingly interconnected with one another and with the other inhabitants and habitats of Earth. There are numerous signs of planetary interrelations, from social media and international trade to genetic engineering and global climate change. The scientific study of interrelations between organisms and environments, Ecology, is uniquely capable of addressing the complex challenges that characterize our era of planetary coexistence. Whole Earth Thinking and Planetary Coexistence focuses on newly emerging approaches to ecology that (...)
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  11. Radical Human Ecology: Intercultural and Indigenous Approaches.Rose Roberts & Lewis Williams - 2012 - Routledge.
    Human ecology - the study and practice of relationships between the natural and the social environment - has gained prominence as scholars seek more effectively to engage with pressing global concerns. In the past seventy years most human ecology has skirted the fringes of geography, sociology and biology. This volume pioneers radical new directions. In particular, it explores the power of indigenous and traditional peoples' epistemologies both to critique and to complement insights from modernity and postmodernity.
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  12. An Ecology of Immanent Otherness: The Onto/Eco-Poethics of Hlne Cixous.Renee A. Valiquette - 2019 - Dissertation, University of York
    Notions of identification and resemblance have been central to the onto-epistemologies of Anglo Environmental Ethics in the 20th and 21st centuries. In order to dismantle Western conceptions of the human as separate from the material world the case needed to be made for the likeness of humans and nature; nature is us. This dissertation builds on such efforts while also proposing a change of course, one that moves away from sameness and toward otherness. To contend with and address the deeply (...)
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  13. Deep Ecology and Disruptive Environmental Education.Bradley Rowe - 2017 - Philosophy of Education 73:521-526.
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  14. Christian Diehm. Connection to Nature, Deep Ecology, and Conservation Social Science: Human-Nature Bonding and Protecting the Natural World.Bryan E. Bannon - 2021 - Environmental Ethics 43 (4):379-382.
  15. Developing an Online Data Ethics Module Informed by an Ecology of Data Perspective.Xiaofeng Tang, Eduardo Mendieta & Thomas A. Litzinger - 2022 - Science and Engineering Ethics 28 (2):1-22.
    A self-perceived lack of training in ethical theories and related pedagogy has kept many engineering faculty members from teaching data ethics, an important aspect of engineering research that has become more salient in recent years. This paper describes the development of a module, which includes concepts, cases, policies, and best practices, to support the teaching of ethical data practice. Based on a user-oriented design approach and a moral literacy framework, the module was designed to be used in different courses and (...)
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  16. Ecolinguistics: Language, Ecology and the Stories We Live By.Zirui Xiong - forthcoming - Critical Discourse Studies:1-3.
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  17. The “Third” United Nations: How a Knowledge Ecology Helps the UN Think, Tatiana Carayannis and Thomas G. Weiss (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2021), 224 Pp., Cloth $85, eBook $84.99. [REVIEW]Michael J. Struett - 2022 - Ethics and International Affairs 36 (1):111-114.
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  18. Hollywood Utopia: Ecology in Contemporary American Cinema.Gerd Bayer - 2006 - Utopian Studies 17 (3):537-541.
  19. From the Ecology of the Planet to the Ecology of the Daily Life.Iuliu Marius Morariu - 2022 - Postmodern Openings 13 (1):498-502.
    Review of Sandu Frunză, Filosofie şi comunicare cotidiană: cărţile ar putea să-ţi schimbe viaţa [Philosophy and daily communication: the books could change your life], Iaşi: Editura Lumen, 2020.
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  20. Alenda Y. Chang. Playing Nature: Ecology in Video Games. Minnesota: University of Minnesota Press, 2019. 281 Pp. [REVIEW]Evan Wisdom-Dawson - 2022 - Critical Inquiry 48 (3):629-629.
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  21. The Ecology of Fear and Climate Change: A Pragmatist Point of View.Jerome Ballet, Damien Bazin & Emmanuel Petit - forthcoming - Environmental Values.
    The ecology of fear has become a common rhetoric in efforts to support climate mitigation. The thesis of the collapse is an extreme version, asserting the inevitable collapse of the world. Fear, then, becomes the ultimate emotion for spurring action. In this article, drawing on the work of the pragmatist John Dewey, we show that fear is an ambiguous emotion. Dewey stressed the quality of an emotion. Following his reasoning, this article draws a distinction between intense and moderate fear. Intense (...)
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  22. Report on the 15th Polish Conference on the “Humanistic Ecology” Series: “Anthropological and Natural Aspects of Consumption of Moderation and Excess”.Ryszard F. Sadowski - 2022 - Studia Ecologiae Et Bioethicae 19 (4).
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  23. Dark Ecology and Digital Images of Entropy: A Brief Survey of the History of Cinematic Morphing and the Computer Graphics of Artificial Intelligence.Jörg Türschmann - 2022 - In Herta Nagl-Docekal & Waldemar Zacharasiewicz (eds.), Artificial Intelligence and Human Enhancement: Affirmative and Critical Approaches in the Humanities. De Gruyter. pp. 209-224.
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  24. Toward the End of Waste: Reflections on a New Ecology of Industry.Robert A. Frosch - 1996 - Daedalus 125 (3):199-212.
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  25. “Ecology and Technological Enframement: Cities, Networks and the COVID-19 Pandemic” (Alice Cortés as Second Author).Matthew Crippen - 2022 - In Reclaiming the City.
    Though past commentators have attacked cities as corrupt, dirty places, it is almost too obvious to need stating that a sustainable future depends on them. This is because most people live in cities and because the streamlined use of urban space brings a wide range of efficiencies. Simultaneously, urban living and associated technologies may impact psychology such that people see humans and their cities as outside of nature, which has been shown to reduce concern for the wellbeing of the planet. (...)
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  26. Rainforest, Cultural Ecology of The.Wyatt MacGaffey - 2021 - In V. Y. Mudimbe & Kasereka Kavwahirehi (eds.), Encyclopedia of African Religions and Philosophy. Springer Verlag. pp. 592-593.
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  27. What are ecological mechanisms? Suggestions for a fine-grained description of causal mechanisms in invasion ecology.Tina Heger - 2022 - Biology and Philosophy 37 (2):1-14.
    Invasion ecology addresses the spread of species outside of their native ranges. A central aim of this field is to find mechanistic explanations for why species are able to establish and spread in an area in which they did not evolve. Usually it remains unclear, however, what exactly is meant by ‘mechanistic explanation’ or ‘mechanism’. The paper argues that the field can benefit from the philosophical discussion of what a mechanism is. Based on conceptions of mechanisms as processes in concrete (...)
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  28. Ethical Issues in Ecology: Case Studies.Jeff Dudycha & Kevin Geedey - 2004 - .
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  29. Ecology, Objectivity and Critique in Writings on Nature and Human Societies.David Demeritt - 1994 - Journal of Historical Geography 20 (1):22-37.
    Inspired by the Green Movement and invoking many of the analytical concepts of ecological science, environmental historians have offered trenchant criticisms of modern society and its relations with nature. Recently however, their position has been eroded on several fronts. Revisionists in ecological science have repudiated the idea of stable, holistic ecosystems used by many environmental historians and other Green critics to measure and assail the environmental damage wrought by society. Various assaults on the authority of science and history to represent (...)
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  30. Devall, Bill and George Sessions. Deep Ecology. Reviewed in Environmental Ethics 10(1988):83-89.Bill Devall & George Sessions - 1988 - Environmental Ethics 10:83-89.
  31. Beyond the Divide Between Indigenous and Academic Knowledge: Causal and Mechanistic Explanations in a Brazilian Fishing Community.Charbel N. El-Hani, Luana Poliseli & David Ludwig - 2022 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 1 (91):296–306.
    Transdisciplinary research challenges the divide between Indigenous and academic knowledge by bringing together epistemic resources of heterogeneous stakeholders. The aim of this article is to explore causal explanations in a traditional fishing community in Brazil that provide resources for transdisciplinary collaboration, without neglecting differences between Indigenous and academic experts. Semi-structured interviews were carried out in a fishing village in the North shore of Bahia and our findings show that community members often rely on causal explanations for local ecological phenomena with (...)
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  32. 3. Towards a New Ecology of Time.Joy Garnett - 2013 - In John Armitage & Ryan Bishop (eds.), Virilio and Visual Culture. Edinburgh University Press. pp. 37-45.
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  33. Toward an Ecocentric Christian Ecology.James W. Waters - 2022 - Wiley: Journal of Religious Ethics 49 (4).
    Journal of Religious Ethics, Volume 49, Issue 4, Page 768-792, December 2021.
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  34. Technology and Integral Ecology.Cathriona Russell - 2022 - New Blackfriars 103 (1104):220-233.
    New Blackfriars, Volume 103, Issue 1104, Page 220-233, March 2022.
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  35. Rupert Read (2019) A Film-Philosophy of Ecology and Enlightenment.Rong Wan - 2022 - Film-Philosophy 26 (1):86-89.
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  36. Speaking and Listening to Nature: Ethics Within Ecology.Nigel Cooper - 2000 - Biodiversity and Conservation 9:1009-1027.
    One context for the papers arising from INTECOL VII in this special issue is the debate over the social construction of science. Some fear that advocates for the social or cultural construction of ecology will undermine attempts to defend nature. But resources are made available in a mediating position of social construal, particularly alerting ecologists to the social and ethical dimensions of the conducting of their work. When speaking, ecologists will use living and dead metaphors and these carry connotations which (...)
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  37. Toward an Ecocentric Christian Ecology.James W. Waters - 2021 - Journal of Religious Ethics 49 (4):768-792.
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  38. Review of David Macauley, Ed. Minding Nature: The Philosophers of Ecology. [REVIEW]John Clark & David Macauley - 1998 - Environmental Ethics 20.
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  39. Review of Mick Smith. An Ethics of Place: Radical Ecology Postmodernity, and Social Theory. [REVIEW]Seamus Carey - 2003 - Environmental Ethics 25.
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  40. Normative Concepts in Conservation Biology: Reply to Willers and Hunter.J. Baird Callicott, Larry B. Crowder & Karen Mumford - 2000 - Conservation Biology 14 (2):575-578.
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  41. Ethics, Ecology and Economics.Andrew Brennan - 1996 - In N. S. Cooper & R. C. J. Carling (eds.), Ecologists and Ethical Judgements. Springer Verlag. pp. 13-26.
    This paper describes the general structure of an environmental philosophy. There can be many such philosophies, and those with their roots in economic theory have been extensively studied recently. Specific examples cited in the paper include the work of David Pearce and Robert Goodin. Economics-based philosophies can founder on the issue of externalities and a misplaced attempt to provide a comprehensive approach to valuing nature as a bundle of goods and services. It is argued that it is dangerously easy to (...)
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  42. Ecology: Modern Hero or Post-Modern Villain? From Scientific Trees to Phenomenological Wood.Jane M. Howarth - 1996 - In N. S. Cooper & R. C. J. Carling (eds.), Ecologists and Ethical Judgements. Springer Verlag. pp. 1-12.
    This paper sets out to launch a challenge to the usual ‘modernist’ view of the relationship between ecology and ethics. Two ‘post-modern’ interpretations of this relationship are considered. The first ‘deep’ interpretation holds that ecology reveals that nature has intrinsic value. The second interpretation derives from the work of Michel Foucault. The aim of his critique is to reveal how certain values are taken for granted by the acceptance of certain scientific models, and how the acceptance of those models as (...)
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  43. Ecology, Ethics, Education.Michele Chauveur - unknown
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  44. Ecology and Ethics: Relation of Religious Belief to Ecological Practice in the Biblical Tradition.Calvin B. DeWitt - 1996 - In N. S. Cooper & R. C. J. Carling (eds.), Ecologists and Ethical Judgements. Springer Verlag. pp. 55-65.
    The Bible, without which Western civilization is inexplicable, has powerful ecological teachings that support an ecological worldview. While these teachings are not widely practised in our time, continuing degradation of ecological systems by humanity requires their re-examination by ecologists and the church. Such re-examination can help develop the mutual understanding necessary for making ethical ecological judgements and putting these teachings into practice in an appropriate manner. Among these teachings are the expectation that people will serve and keep the Creation, that (...)
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  45. Dialectical Materialism and Nature: An Alternative to Economism and Deep Ecology.Brett Clark & Richard York - 2005 - Organization and Environment 18 (3):318-337.
    Two commonly held views about the nature of Nature lead to a systematic misunderstanding and mismeasurment of natural processes. The “economistic” view conceives of the natural environment as a repository of resources, available for human exploitation, and “services” provided by mechanistic ecological processes. The economistic perspective leads to a failure to properly recognize the sharp distinctions between ecological and economic processes, by positing that environmental-sustainability issues can be successfully addressed by “economizing ecology and ecologizing the economy.” The deep ecology view (...)
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  46. On the Meaning of Integral Ecology.Pietro Ramellini - 2016 - Alpha Omega 19 (2):253-272.
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  47. Faith and Science: The Case of Human Ecology.Pietro Ramellini - 2021 - Alpha Omega 24 (1):109-142.
    The concept of human ecology was introduced into Catholic pastoral documents by John Paul II, in his 1991 encyclical Centesimus annus. As an exquisitely interdisciplinary field of enquiry, human ecology involves a great many scientific, ethical and religious questions. Thus, it can be chosen as an appropriate case study in the dialogue between faith and science. After a review of the ways in which the relationships between faith and science have been addressed, an original model for their interaction is proposed. (...)
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  48. Felix Guattari's Schizoanalytic Ecology.Hanjo Berressem - 2019 - Edinburgh University Press.
    Hanjo Berressem establishes the notion of a schizoanalytic ecology as the most consistent conceptual spine of Félix Guattari's work. He covers the whole range of Guattari's solo work and the books co-authored with Gilles Deleuze, primarily a rigorous explication and analysis of 'Schizoanalytic Cartographies'.
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  49. Horos: Ancient Boundaries and Ecology of Stone.Thea Madeleine Potter - 2022 - Cambridge, UK: Open Book Publishers.
    As we face the rise of a new global technocracy, an exorbitant transfer of wealth and manipulation on a mass scale under the auspices of ‘protecting human health’, paralleled with ecological devastation and the theft of the global commons in the name of a ‘green revolution’, an investigation into the origins of boundaries, the significance of matter in human language and the conceptual and material limits of the market is timely if not essential. All the more so as these globalist (...)
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  50. Rethinking Alternatives with Marx: Economy, Ecology and Migration.Marcello Musto (ed.) - 2021 - Springer Verlag.
    This book presents a Marx that is in many ways different from the one popularized by the dominant currents of twentieth-century Marxism. The dual aim of this edited volume is to contribute to a new critical discussion of some of the classical themes of Marx’s thought and to develop a deeper analysis of certain questions to which relatively little attention has been paid until recently. Contributions of globally renowned scholars, from nine countries and multiple academic disciplines, offer diverse and innovative (...)
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