Plastic Machines: Behavioural Diversity and the Turing Test

Abstract
After proposing the Turing Test, Alan Turing himself considered a number of objections to the idea that a machine might eventually pass it. One of the objections discussed by Turing was that no machine will ever pass the Turing Test because no machine will ever “have as much diversity of behaviour as a man”. He responded as follows: the “criticism that a machine cannot have much diversity of behaviour is just a way of saying that it cannot have much storage capacity”. I shall argue that the objection cannot be dismissed so easily. The diversity exhibited by human behaviour is characterized by a kind of context-sensitive adaptive plasticity. Most of the time, human beings flexibly and fluently respond to what is relevant in a given situation. Moreover, ordinary human life involves an open-ended flow of shifting contexts to which our behaviour typically adapts in real time. For a machine to “have as much diversity of behaviour as a man” would be for that machine to keep its responses and behaviour relevant within such a flow. Merely giving a machine the capacity to store a huge amount of information and an enormous number of behaviour-generating rules will not achieve this goal. By drawing on arguments presented originally by Descartes, and by making contact with the frame problem in artificial intelligence, I shall argue that the distinctive context-sensitive adaptive plasticity of human behaviour explains why the Turing Test is such a stringent test for the presence of thought, and why it is much harder to pass than Turing himself may have realized
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories (categorize this paper)
Options
 Save to my reading list
Follow the author(s)
Edit this record
My bibliography
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Mark as duplicate
Request removal from index
Translate to english
Revision history
Download options
Our Archive


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 30,813
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library
References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Add more citations

Similar books and articles
Turing's Rules for the Imitation Game.Gualtiero Piccinini - 2000 - Minds and Machines 10 (4):573-582.
Undecidability in the Imitation Game.Y. Sato & T. Ikegami - 2004 - Minds and Machines 14 (2):133-43.
Who's Afraid of the Turing Test?Dale Jacquette - 1993 - Behavior and Philosophy 20 (21):63-74.
Peeking Behind the Screen: The Unsuspected Power of the Standard Turing Test.Robert M. French - 2000 - Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Artificial Intelligence 12 (3):331-340.
Turing's Two Tests for Intelligence.Susan G. Sterrett - 2000 - Minds and Machines 10 (4):541-559.
A Simple Comment Regarding the Turing Test.Benny Shanon - 1989 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 19 (June):249-56.
The Constructability of Artificial Intelligence.Bruce Edmonds - 2000 - Journal of Logic Language and Information 9 (4):419-424.
Turing's Golden: How Well Turing's Work Stands Today.Justin Leiber - 2006 - Philosophical Psychology 19 (1):13-46.
Making the Right Identification in the Turing Test.Saul Traiger - 2000 - Minds and Machines 10 (4):561-572.
Turing Test: 50 Years Later. [REVIEW]A. P. Saygin & I. Cicekli - 2000 - Minds and Machines 10 (4):463-518.
Added to PP index
2010-11-20

Total downloads
31 ( #171,563 of 2,202,697 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
2 ( #150,077 of 2,202,697 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Monthly downloads
My notes
Sign in to use this feature