Results for 'Alfredo Pereira Júnior'

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  1.  4
    Hume: causal theory of freedom and indeterminism.Alfredo Pereira Júnior - 1993 - Trans/Form/Ação 16:29-41.
    Although Hume seems to suppose that natural processes occur in a deterministic way, his conception of causality prohibits us from knowing them as deterministic. The reason is that for him the idea of a necessary connection between events is purely psychological. In our analysis of this question, we argue that: a) in his main references about causality, Hume does not assume a strong ontological commitment with determinism; b) certain parts of his texts suggest that indeterminism is non eliminable, in the (...)
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  2.  3
    The biological nature of the mental information-processing.Alfredo Pereira Júnior - 1991 - Trans/Form/Ação 14:139-153.
    The nature of mental information-processing is studied in the context of the neo-mechanicist program for Biology, from the general form of information-processing in living systems, allosteric interactions, to information-processing in human brain. An instantiation of the self-organizing systems model is suggested, which leads to the hypothesis of the "supercode". This is a mental program, molecularly codified, responsable for, inter alia, linguistic competence. A comparison is done between this hypothesis and Jerry Fodor's "language of thought".Raciocinando no contexto do programa neomecanicista para (...)
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  3.  4
    Recent Advances in Brain Physiology and Cognitive Processing.Alfredo Pereira Jr, Maria AliceOrnellas Pereira & FábioAugusto Furlan - 2011 - Mens Sana Monographs 9 (1):183.
    The discovery of participation of astrocytes as active elements in glutamatergic tripartite synapses (composed by functional units of two neurons and one astrocyte) has led to the construction of models of cognitive functioning in the human brain, focusing on associative learning, sensory integration, conscious processing and memory formation/retrieval. We have modelled human cognitive functions by means of an ensemble of functional units (tripartite synapses) connected by gap junctions that link distributed astrocytes, allowing the formation of intra- and intercellular calcium waves (...)
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  4. Is Global Workspace a Cartesian Theater? How the Neuro-Astroglial Interaction Model Solves Conceptual Issues.Samuel Bellini-Leite & Alfredo Pereira - 2013 - Journal of Cognitive Science 14 (4):335-360.
    The Global Workspace Theory (GWT) proposed by Bernard Baars (1988) along with Daniel Dennett’s (1991) Multiple Drafts Model (MDM) of consciousness are renowned cognitive theories of consciousness bearing similarities and differences. Although Dennett displays sympathy for GWT, his own MDM does not seem to be fully compatible with it. This work discusses this compatibility, by asking if GWT suffers from Daniel Dennett’s criticism of what he calls a “Cartesian Theater”. We identified in Dennett 10 requirements for avoiding the Cartesian Theater. (...)
     
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  5. The Quantum Mind/Classical Brain Problem.Alfredo Pereira - 2003 - Neuroquantology.
  6.  46
    Steven Horst, Beyond Reduction: Philosophy of Mind and Post-Reductionist Philosophy of Science, Philosophy of Mind Series. [REVIEW]Alfredo Pereira - 2008 - Minds and Machines 18 (3):421-423.
  7.  34
    Peter Gärdenfors, Conceptual Spaces: The Geometry of Thought. [REVIEW]Alfredo Pereira - 2007 - Minds and Machines 17 (4):493-496.
  8.  7
    Grounding Word Learning in Multimodal Sensorimotor Interaction.Chen Yu, Linda B. Smith & Alfredo F. Pereira - 2008 - In B. C. Love, K. McRae & V. M. Sloutsky (eds.), Proceedings of the 30th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Cognitive Science Society. pp. 1017--1022.
  9.  23
    Coexisting Spatio-Temporalsscales in Neuroscience.Alfredo Pereira - 2001 - Minds and Machines 11 (4).
    In this study I propose an epistemological discussion of multiple spatio-temporal scales in neuroscience. Are such scales merely convenient levels of description of structure and function, or do they correspond to irreducible levels of brain organization? What criteria should we employ in order to reduce one level to another, or to identify levels that are not reducible to others? Should we think of these criteria as based on empirical and/or theoretical reasons? Beginning with an empirical criterion – the necessity of (...)
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  10.  4
    Recent Advances in Brain Physiology and Cognitive Processing.Pereira Alfredo Jr, M. A. Pereira & Fábio Augusto Furlan - 2011 - Mens Sana Monographs 9 (1):183-192.
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  11. Direito Romano E common law.Edilson Pereira Nobre Júnior - 2015 - Revista Fides 6 (2).
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  12.  2
    Neuromodulation, Emotional Feelings and Affective Disorders.Alfredo Pereira & Fushun Wang - 2015 - Mens Sana Monographs.
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  13. Contributo potiguar à elaboração doutrinária do direito administrativo.Edilson Pereira Nobre Júnior - 2013 - Revista Fides 4 (2):33-59.
    CONTRIBUTO POTIGUAR À ELABORAÇÃO DOUTRINÁRIA DO DIREITO ADMINISTRATIVO.
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  14.  1
    Marcas Do Latim Medieval Na Peregrinatio Aetheriae–Alguns Comentários.Álvaro Alfredo Bragança Júnior - 2008 - Principia 2 (17):77-86.
  15. O político, O sensual/sexual eo religioso nos videoclipes de madonna: Uma análise Das marcas textuais não-verbais.José Antonio Pereira Júnior - forthcoming - Human Nature.
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  16. Crítica à jurisdição constitucional E o seu papel na democracia procedimental na visão de Jurgen Habermas.José Jurandir Pereira Junior - 2016 - Revista Fides 7 (2).
    CRÍTICA À JURISDIÇÃO CONSTITUCIONAL E O SEU PAPEL NA DEMOCRACIA PROCEDIMENTAL NA VISÃO DE JURGEN HABERMAS.
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  17.  1
    Bādarāyana: Creator of Systematic Theology: JOSÉ PEREIRA.JosÉ Pereira - 1986 - Religious Studies 22 (2):193-204.
    It is sometimes asserted that Philo of Alexandria is the creator of systematic theology – not because he created systematics , that is, a body of doctrine classified and integrated by a set of principles defined in philosophical terms, but because he created theology , that is, a mode of philosophizing which derives its main categories from a supernatural revelation. Such a mode was pursued by Philo's Christian disciples, among whom was Origen , one of the first of his faith (...)
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  18. The Jesuits and the Sino-Russian Treaty of Nerchinsk : The Diary of Thomas Pereira, S. J.B. Szczesniak, Thomas Pereira & Joseph Sebes - 1963 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 83 (1):162.
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  19.  20
    A percerpção do tempo em Husserl.Alfredo Pereira Júnior - 1990 - Trans/Form/Ação 13:73-83.
    A brief reconstruction of the first two sections of Edmund Husserl's Vorlensungen zur Phänomenologie des inneren Zeitbewusstseins is done, showing how, making use of the phenomenological method, the author develops his transcendental theory of time. A revaluation of the meaning of "perception of time" allows him to establish the basis which are, in our perspective, able to give an account of one of the most debatable questions about time, its asymmetry or unidirectionality. We furthermore discuss the main difficulties that affect (...)
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  20.  24
    Uma abordagem naturalista da consciência humana.Pereira Júnior Alfredo - 2003 - Trans/Form/Ação 26 (2):109-141.
    This essay discusses some central philosophical problems concerning the naturalistic concept of consciousness, as well as evidence from neuropsychology and neurophysiology regarding the relation of brain activity and conscious experience. Initially I review the problem of defining "consciousness", the philosophical approach to the phenomenon and its relation to emotional processes. The next step is a proposal of three conditions for the attribution of consciousness to physical systems. In the following section, I identify different modalities of consciousness and their respective neural (...)
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  21.  20
    Coexisting Spatio-Temporal Scales In Neuroscience.Pereira Júnior Alfredo - 2001 - Minds and Machines 11 (4):457-465.
    In this study I propose an epistemological discussion of multiple spatio-temporal scales in neuroscience. Are such scales merely convenient levels of description of structure and function, or do they correspond to irreducible levels of brain organization? What criteria should we employ in order to reduce one level to another, or to identify levels that are not reducible to others? Should we think of these criteria as based on empirical and/or theoretical reasons? Beginning with an empirical criterion – the necessity of (...)
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  22.  13
    Indeterminismo e liberdade em Hume.Alfredo Pereira Júnior - 1993 - Trans/Form/Ação 16:29-41.
  23.  2
    Estatuto Biológico Do Processamento de Informação Mental.Pereira Júnior Alfredo - 1991 - Trans/Form/Ação 14:139-153.
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  24.  15
    Conceptual Spaces and Consciousness: Integrating Cognitive and Affective Processes.Alfredo Pereira Júnior & Leonardo Ferreira Almada - 2011 - International Journal of Machine Consciousness 3 (01):127-143.
  25.  8
    A Naturalistic Approach to Human Consciousness.Pereira Júnior Alfredo - 2003 - Trans/Form/Ação 26 (2):109-141.
    This essay discusses some central philosophical problems concerning the naturalistic concept of consciousness, as well as evidence from neuropsychology and neurophysiology regarding the relation of brain activity and conscious experience. Initially I review the problem of defining "consciousness", the philosophical approach to the phenomenon and its relation to emotional processes. The next step is a proposal of three conditions for the attribution of consciousness to physical systems. In the following section, I identify different modalities of consciousness and their respective neural (...)
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  26.  75
    On What There Must Be: Existence in Logic and Some Related Riddles.P. A. S. Veloso, L. C. Pereira & E. H. Haeusler - 2012 - Disputatio 4 (34).
    Veloso-Pereira-Haeusler_On-what-there-must-be.
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  27.  47
    The University and the Responsible Conduct of Research: Who is Responsible for What? [REVIEW]Katherine Alfredo & Hillary Hart - 2011 - Science and Engineering Ethics 17 (3):447-457.
    Research misconduct has been thoroughly discussed in the literature, but mainly in terms of definitions and prescriptions for proper conduct. Even when case studies are cited, they are generally used as a repository of “lessons learned.” What has been lacking from this conversation is how the lessons of responsible conduct of research are imparted in the first place to graduate students, especially those in technical fields such as engineering. Nor has there been much conversation about who is responsible for what (...)
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  28.  36
    Ellipsis and Higher-Order Unification.Mary Dalrymple, Stuart M. Shieber & Fernando C. N. Pereira - 1991 - Linguistics and Philosophy 14 (4):399 - 452.
    We present a new method for characterizing the interpretive possibilities generated by elliptical constructions in natural language. Unlike previous analyses, which postulate ambiguity of interpretation or derivation in the full clause source of the ellipsis, our analysis requires no such hidden ambiguity. Further, the analysis follows relatively directly from an abstract statement of the ellipsis interpretation problem. It predicts correctly a wide range of interactions between ellipsis and other semantic phenomena such as quantifier scope and bound anaphora. Finally, although the (...)
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  29.  9
    Sustainability Reporting and Assurance: A Historical Analysis on a World-Wide Phenomenon.Renzo Mori Junior, Peter J. Best & Julie Cotter - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 120 (1):1-11.
    Sustainability reporting and assurance of sustainability reports have been used by organizations in an attempt to provide accountability to their stakeholders. A better understanding of current practices is important to provide a base for comparative and trend analyses. This paper aims to consolidate and provide information on sustainability reporting, assurance of sustainability reports and types of assurance providers. Another aim of this paper is to provide a descriptive analysis of these practices for a global sample, comparing results with previous studies, (...)
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  30. ""Configuring" Global,"" National," and" Local" in Governance Agendas and Women's Struggles in Nigeria.Charmaine Pereira - 2002 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 69 (3):781-804.
  31.  2
    Is Prospective Memory Enhanced by Cue-Action Semantic Relatedness and Enactment at Encoding?Antonina Pereira, Judi Ellis & Jayne Freeman - 2012 - Consciousness and Cognition 21 (3):1257-1266.
    Benefits and costs on prospective memory performance, of enactment at encoding and a semantic association between a cue-action word pair, were investigated in two experiments. Findings revealed superior performance for both younger and older adults following enactment, in contrast to verbal encoding, and when cue-action semantic relatedness was high. Although younger adults outperformed older adults, age did not moderate benefits of cue-action relatedness or enactment. Findings from a second experiment revealed that the inclusion of an instruction to perform a prospective (...)
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  32.  14
    Burnout in Palliative Care: A Systematic Review.Sandra Martins Pereira, António M. Fonseca & Ana Sofia Carvalho - 2011 - Nursing Ethics 18 (3):317-326.
    Burnout is a phenomenon characterized by fatigue and frustration, usually related to work stress and dedication to a cause, a way of life that does not match the person’s expectations. Although it seems to be associated with risk factors stemming from a professional environment, this problem may affect any person. Palliative care is provided in a challenging environment, where professionals often have to make demanding ethical decisions and deal with death and dying. This article reports on the findings of a (...)
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  33.  31
    Occupational Distress in Nursing: A Psychoanalytic Reading of the Literature.Alicia M. Evans, David A. Pereira & Judith M. Parker - 2008 - Nursing Philosophy 9 (3):195-204.
    Abstract Occupational stress in nursing has attracted considerable attention as a focus for research and as a consequence multiple objects of nurses' stress, or 'stressors', have been identified. This paper puts into question the dominant conceptual and methodological approach to occupational stress in nursing research by both foregrounding the notion of anxiety and juxtaposing it with the notion of 'stress'. It is argued that the notion of 'stress' and the domination of the questionnaire have produced a narrow reading of the (...)
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  34.  3
    A Commentary on De Sousa's "Towards an Integrative Theory of Consciousness".A. Pereira - 2013 - Mens Sana Monographs 11 (1):210.
    De Sousa's comprehensive two-part review of a diversity of contemporary approaches to the study of consciousness is highly welcome. He makes us aware of a proliferation of theoretical and empirical approaches targeting a common theme, but diverging in many ways. He skilfully accomplishes a classification of kinds of approach, identification of the main representatives, their contributions, and respective limitations. However, he does not show how the desired integration could be accomplished. Besides summarising De Sousa's efficient analytical work, I make critical (...)
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  35.  15
    The PCF Conjecture and Large Cardinals.Luís Pereira - 2008 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 73 (2):674 - 688.
    We prove that a combinatorial consequence of the negation of the PCF conjecture for intervals, involving free subsets relative to set mappings, is not implied by even the strongest known large cardinal axiom.
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  36.  16
    Hybrid Probabilistic Logic Programs as Residuated Logic Programs.Carlos Viegas Damásio & Luís Moniz Pereira - 2002 - Studia Logica 72 (1):113 - 138.
    In this paper we show the embedding of Hybrid Probabilistic Logic Programs into the rather general framework of Residuated Logic Programs, where the main results of (definite) logic programming are validly extrapolated, namely the extension of the immediate consequences operator of van Emden and Kowalski. The importance of this result is that for the first time a framework encompassing several quite distinct logic programming semantics is described, namely Generalized Annotated Logic Programs, Fuzzy Logic Programming, Hybrid Probabilistic Logic Programs, and Possibilistic (...)
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  37.  10
    Quantifiers, Anaphora, and Intensionality.Mary Dalrymple, John Lamping, Fernando Pereira & Vijay Saraswat - 1997 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 6 (3):219-273.
    The relationship between Lexical-Functional Grammar (LFG) functional structures (f-structures) for sentences and their semanticinterpretations can be formalized in linear logic in a way thatcorrectly explains the observed interactions between quantifier scopeambiguity, bound anaphora and intensionality.Our linear-logic formalization of the compositional properties ofquantifying expressions in natural language obviates the need forspecial mechanisms, such as Cooper storage, in representing thescoping possibilities of quantifying expressions. Instead, thesemantic contribution of a quantifier is recorded as a linear-logicformula whose use in a proof will establish the (...)
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  38.  3
    Virtudes cívicas procedimentales, democracia participativa y educación ciudadana.Gustavo Pereira - 2004 - Areté. Revista de Filosofía 16 (2):243-281.
    La modernidad impone condiciones para la reflexión acerca de la democracia participativa. En tal sentido, un irrebasable conjunto de derechos básicos funciona como marco para la participación ciudadana y opera como parámetro para la presentación de las virtudes cívicas. En función de esto último, en este trabajo se expondrá una teoría de la virtud de corte procedimental, presentando cuatro virtudes que aseguran la condición de ciudadanía en su mayor expresión. Estas virtudes son conceptualmente diferenciadas de los valores cívicos como forma (...)
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  39.  41
    Fallible?José Pereira - 1972 - Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 47 (3):362-414.
    Basically the anti-infallibility position of the eighteenth and twentieth centuries is fivefold: that infallibility, especially papal, is unfounded, unverified, undesirable, unnecessary, and impossible.
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  40.  4
    Military Justice Before and After September 11.Anthony W. Pereira - 2002 - Constellations 9 (4):477-491.
  41.  44
    The Equivalence Principle Revisited.R. Aldrovandi, P. B. Barros & J. G. Pereira - 2003 - Foundations of Physics 33 (4):545-575.
    A precise fomulation of the strong Equivalence Principle is essential to the understanding of the relationship between gravitation and quantum mechanics. The relevant aspects are reviewed in a context including General Relativity but allowing for the presence of torsion. For the sake of brevity, a concise statement is proposed for the Principle: An ideal observer immersed in a gravitational field can choose a reference frame in which gravitation goes unnoticed. This statement is given a clear mathematical meaning through an accurate (...)
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  42.  22
    Reid's Critique of the Conception of Personal Identity in Locke.José Aparecido Pereira - 2012 - Trans/Form/Ação 35 (1):37-46.
    This article discusses Reid's critical analysis of Locke's theory of personal identity. Two significant consequences of this analysis are pointed out: a) that if the same consciousness can be transferred from one intelligent being to another, then two or twenty intelligences may be the same person; b) that a man can be, and at the same time not be, the person who practices a given action. Taking these consequences as a starting point, Reid expounds some considerations on the topic.Fazer uma (...)
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  43.  30
    Epiphanies of Revelation.José Pereira - 1976 - Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 51 (2):185-204.
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  44.  30
    Crítica de Reid à Concepção de identidade Pessoal de Locke.José Aparecido Pereira - 2012 - Trans/Form/Ação 35 (1):37-46.
    Fazer uma abordagem na qual seja apresentada a análise crítica de Reid acerca da teoria da identidade pessoal de Locke constitui-se como o objetivo principal desse artigo. Tal análise aponta para duas consequências significativas: a) se a mesma consciência pode ser transferida de um ser inteligente para outro, então, dois ou vinte seres inteligentes podem ser a mesma pessoa; b) a de que um homem pode ser e, ao mesmo tempo, não ser a pessoa que praticou uma determinada ação. Tendo (...)
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  45.  36
    Kinematics of a Spacetime with an Infinite Cosmological Constant.R. Aldrovandi, A. L. Barbosa, M. Calçada & J. G. Pereira - 2003 - Foundations of Physics 33 (4):613-624.
    A solution of the sourceless Einstein's equation with an infinite value for the cosmological constant Λ is discussed by using Inönü–Wigner contractions of the de Sitter groups and spaces. When Λ→∞, spacetime becomes a four-dimensional cone, dual to Minkowski space by a spacetime inversion. This inversion relates the four-cone vertex to the infinity of Minkowski space, and the four-cone infinity to the Minkowski light-cone. The non-relativistic limit c→∞ is further considered, the kinematical group in this case being a modified Galilei (...)
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  46.  36
    Intersubjectivity and Evaluations of Justice.Gustavo Pereira - 2012 - Thesis Eleven 108 (1):66-83.
    The capability approach assigns a central role to the contexts within which social interactions take place, which make individual liberty achievable. However, an auxiliary concept is necessary to explain the contexts of collective action more accurately. In this paper I shall present Taylor’s concept of irreducibly social goods as a supplement to the capability approach. I shall also introduce the concept of hermeneutics as a strategy suitable for evaluating which capabilities are to be considered valid, as an alternative to aggregative (...)
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  47.  31
    Phenomenal Consciousness and the Sensorimotor Approach. A Critical Account.Dell’Anna Alessandro & Paternoster Alfredo - 2013 - Open Journal of Philosophy 3 (4):435.
    The paper discusses some recent suggestions offered by the so-called sensorimotor (or enactivist) theorists as to the problem of the explanatory gap, that is, the alleged impossibility of accounting for phenomenal consciousness in any scientific theory. We argue in the paper that, although some enactivist theorists’ suggestions appear fresh and eye-opening, the claim that the explanatory gap is (dis)solved is much overstated.
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  48.  16
    Averróis e a República de Platão.Rosalie Helena de Souza Pereira - 2007 - Veritas: Revista de Filosofia da PUCRS 52 (3):104-116.
    About the Republic is the only commentary left by Averroes, the Commentator, so called on behalf of his commentaries on Aristotle’s work. Although the original in Arabic is lost, there is a medieval version in Hebrew and two later translations in Latin from the Hebrew version. Averroes’ Commentary on the ‘Republic’ – divided in three Books – can be considered an original work as only 1/3 of it corresponds to the platonic treatise. Averroes presents in it aristotelic concepts drawn from (...)
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  49.  16
    A toxicomania enquanto doença incurável e sua relação com um tratamento possível.Amanda Schreiner Pereira - 2008 - Aletheia 27:210-221.
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  50.  18
    Nem tão novo, nem tão velho: reflexões sobre a atuação do Sindicato dos Metalúrgicos do Rio de Janeiro no Caso Sermetal1.Luisa Barbosa Pereira - 2012 - Enfoques 11 (1):1.
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