Results for 'Mark Douglas Saward'

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Mark Douglas Saward
Monash University
  1. Fine-Tuning as Evidence for a Multiverse: Why White is Wrong. [REVIEW]Mark Douglas Saward - 2013 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 73 (3):243-253.
    Roger White (God and design, Routledge, London, 2003) claims that while the fine-tuning of our universe, $\alpha $ , may count as evidence for a designer, it cannot count as evidence for a multiverse. First, I will argue that his considerations are only correct, if at all, for a limited set of multiverses that have particular features. As a result, I will argue that his claim cannot be generalised as a statement about all multiverses. This failure to generalise, I will (...)
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  2. Collins' Core Fine-Tuning Argument.Mark Douglas Saward - 2014 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 76 (2):209-222.
    Collins (The Blackwell companion to natural theology, 2009) presents an argument he calls the ‘core fine-tuning argument’. In this paper, I show that Collins’ argument is flawed in at least two ways. First, the structure, depending on likelihoods, fails to establish anything about the posterior probability of God’s existence given fine-tuning. As an argument for God’s existence, this is a serious failing. Second, his analysis of what is appropriately restricted background knowledge, combined with the credences of a specially chosen ‘alien’, (...)
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  3. Moral Inferentialism and the Frege-Geach Problem.Mark Douglas Warren - 2015 - Philosophical Studies 172 (11):2859-2885.
    Despite its many advantages as a metaethical theory, moral expressivism faces difficulties as a semantic theory of the meaning of moral claims, an issue underscored by the notorious Frege-Geach problem. I consider a distinct metaethical view, inferentialism, which like expressivism rejects a representational account of meaning, but unlike expressivism explains meaning in terms of inferential role instead of expressive function. Drawing on Michael Williams’ recent work on inferential theories of meaning, I argue that an appropriate understanding of the pragmatic role (...)
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  4. Relativism and Objectivism About Truth.Mark Douglas Warren - manuscript
    A short paper discussing and critiquing common claims that "truth is relative.".
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  5. On the Possibility and Nature of Interpretation.Mark Douglas Mercer - 1991 - Dissertation, University of Toronto (Canada)
    The dissertation is an exploration of the possibility and nature of interpretation. Its thesis is that coming to know what someone believes or desires, or what their words mean, or what they are doing, is not to be distinguished from coming to know something about the world. This thesis is defended, on the one hand, by distancing it from empiricist readings, and, on the other hand, by arguing against idealist or realtivist reasons for rejecting it. ;The dissertation is in two (...)
     
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  6.  38
    Trajectories of Green Political Theory.Andrew Dobson, Sherilyn MacGregor, Douglas Torgerson & Michael Saward - 2009 - Contemporary Political Theory 8 (3):317-350.
  7. Building Bridges with Words: An Inferential Account of Ethical Univocity.Mark Douglas Warren - 2018 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 48 (3-4):468-488.
    Explaining genuine moral disagreement is a challenge for metaethical theories. For expressivists, this challenge comes from the plausibility of agents making seemingly univocal claims while expressing incongruent conative attitudes. I argue that metaethical inferentialism – a deflationary cousin to expressivism, which locates meaning in the inferential import of our moral assertions rather than the attitudes they express – offers a unique solution to this problem. Because inferentialism doesn’t locate the source of moral disagreements in a clash between attitudes, but instead (...)
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  8.  25
    On a Pragmatic Argument Against Pragmatism in Ethics.Mark Douglas Mercer - 1993 - American Philosophical Quarterly 30 (2):163-173.
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  9.  12
    Jin Y. Park in Conversation with Erin McCarthy, Leah Kalmanson, Douglas L. Berger, and Mark A. Nathan.Douglas L. Berger, Leah Kalmanson, Erin McCarthy, Mark A. Nathan & Jin Y. Park - 2020 - Journal of World Philosophies 5 (2):155-182.
    These essays engage Jin Y. Park’s recent translation of the work of Kim Iryŏp, a Buddhist nun and public intellectual in early twentieth-century Korea. Park’s translation of Iryŏp’s Reflections of a Zen Buddhist Nun was the subject of two book panels at recent conferences: the first a plenary session at the annual meeting of the Society for Asian and Comparative Philosophy and the second at the Eastern Division of the American Philosophical Association on a group program session sponsored by the (...)
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  10.  2
    Book Review: Mark Douglas, Christian Pacifism for an Environmental Age. [REVIEW]Hannah Malcolm - 2021 - Studies in Christian Ethics 34 (2):252-254.
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  11.  52
    Issue-Contingent Effects on Ethical Decision Making: A Cross-Cultural Comparison. [REVIEW]Mark A. Davis, Nancy Brown Johnson & Douglas G. Ohmer - 1998 - Journal of Business Ethics 17 (4):373-389.
    This experiment examined the effects of three elements comprising Jones' (1991) moral intensity construct, (social consensus, personal proximity, and magnitude of consequences) in a cross-cultural comparison of ethical decision making within a human resource management (HRM) context. Results indicated social consensus had the most potent effect on judgments of moral concern and judgments of immorality. An analysis of American, Eastern European, and Indonesian responses also indicted socio-cultural differences were moderated by the type of HRM ethical issue. In addition, individual differences (...)
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  12.  28
    The Devil's Account: Philip Pullman and Christianity. By Hugh Rayment-Pickard An Introduction to Radical Theology? The Death & Resurrection of God. By Trevor Greenfield Confessing Christ in the Twenty-First Century. By Mark Douglas[REVIEW]Paul Brazier - 2007 - Heythrop Journal 48 (5):851–854.
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  13.  11
    Trust, Trustworthiness and Sharing Patient Data for Research.Mark Sheehan, Phoebe Friesen, Adrian Balmer, Corina Cheeks, Sara Davidson, James Devereux, Douglas Findlay, Katharine Keats-Rohan, Rob Lawrence & Kamran Shafiq - 2021 - Journal of Medical Ethics 47 (12):26-26.
    When it comes to using patient data from the National Health Service for research, we are often told that it is a matter of trust: we need to trust, we need to build trust, we need to restore trust. Various policy papers and reports articulate and develop these ideas and make very important contributions to public dialogue on the trustworthiness of our research institutions. But these documents and policies are apparently constructed with little sustained reflection on the nature of trust (...)
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  14. Molinism and Divine Prophecy of Free Actions.Graham Oppy & Mark Saward - 2014 - Religious Studies 50 (2):1-10.
    Among challenges to Molinism, the challenge posed by divine prophecy of human free action has received insufficient attention. We argue that this challenge is a significant addition to the array of challenges that confront Molinism.
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  15.  36
    The Problem of Invoking Infinite Polytheisms: A Response to Raphael Lataster and Herman Philipse.Mark Saward - 2017 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 82 (3):289-298.
    Raphael Lataster and Herman Philipse present an argument which they think decisively demonstrates polytheism over monotheism, if theism is assumed. Far from being decisive, the argument depends on very controversial and likely false assumptions about how to treat infinities in probability. Moreover, these problems are well known. Here, we focus on three objections. First, the authors rely on both countable additivity and the Principle of Indifference, which contradict each other. Second, the authors rely on a particular way of dividing up (...)
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  16.  4
    Color Associations in Abstract Semantic Domains.Douglas Guilbeault, Ethan O. Nadler, Mark Chu, Donald Ruggiero Lo Sardo, Aabir Abubaker Kar & Bhargav Srinivasa Desikan - 2020 - Cognition 201:104306.
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  17. Meeting a Gorilla.Douglas Adams & Mark Carwardine - 1993 - In Peter Singer & Paola Cavalieri (eds.), The Great Ape Project. St. Martin's Griffin. pp. 19--23.
     
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  18. Integrative Social Contracts Theory: Hype Over Hypernorms. [REVIEW]Mark Douglas - 2000 - Journal of Business Ethics 26 (2):101 - 110.
    Applying social contract theory to business ethics is a relatively new idea, and perhaps nobody has pursued this direction better than Thomas Donaldson and Thomas W. Dunfee. Their "Integrative Social Contracts Theory" manages to combine culturally sensitive decision making capacities with trans-cultural norms by setting up a layered system of social contracts. Lurking behind their work is a concern with the problems of relativism. They hope to alleviate these problems by introducing three concepts important to the ISCT: "authentic norms," which (...)
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  19.  15
    Can Social Norm Activation Improve Audit Quality? Evidence From an Experimental Audit Market.Douglas Stevens, Mark Mellon, Eric Gooden & Allen Blay - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 156 (2):513-530.
    We assert that audit quality can be improved to the extent that social norms for honesty and responsibility are activated in the auditor. To test this assertion, we use an experimental audit market setting found in the literature and manipulate factors expected to activate honesty and responsibility norms in the auditor. We find that auditor misreporting is reduced when the investor is another participant in the experiment rather than computer simulated, and thus, the interests of third-party investors are salient to (...)
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  20. Prioritizing Parental Liberty in Non-Medical Vaccine Exemption Policies: A Response to Giubilini, Douglas and Savulescu.Mark Christopher Navin & Mark Aaron Largent - 2017 - Public Health Ethics 10 (3).
    In a recent paper published in this journal, Giubilini, Douglas and Savulescu argue that we have given insufficient weight to the moral importance of fairness in our account of the best policies for non-medical exemptions to childhood immunization requirements. They advocate for a type of policy they call Contribution, according to which parents must contribute to important public health goods before their children can receive NMEs to immunization requirements. In this response, we argue that Giubilini, Douglas and Savulescu (...)
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  21.  6
    Trajectories of Green Political Theory.Michael Saward Andrew Dobson, Sherilyn MacGregor, Douglas Torgerson - 2009 - Contemporary Political Theory 8 (3):317.
  22. Douglas Cardinal, Architect Visions of a Warrior.Marke Slipp, Gil Cardinal, Andy Thomson & Inc Great Plains Productions - 1991 - Great Plains Productions.
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  23. Christian Pacifism for an Environmental Age.Mark Douglas - 1900 - Cambridge University Press.
    In this volume, Mark Douglas offers a new vision of the history of Christian pacifism within the context of a warming world. He narrates this story in a way that recognizes the complexities of the tradition and aligns it with a coherent theological vision, one that shapes the tradition to encompass the new causes and types of wars fought during the Anthropocene. Along the way, Douglas draws from research in historical climatology to recover the overlooked role that (...)
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  24. Modernity, the Environment, and the Christian Just War Tradition.Mark Douglas - 2022 - Cambridge University Press.
    In this volume, Mark Douglas presents an environmental history of the Christian just war tradition. Focusing on the transition from its late medieval into its early modern form, he explores the role the tradition has played in conditioning modernity and generating modernity's blindness to interactions between 'the natural' and 'the political.' Douglas criticizes problematic myths that have driven conventional narratives about the history of the tradition and suggests a revised approach that better accounts for the evolution of (...)
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  25.  6
    Interpretation as Abduction.Jerry R. Hobbs, Mark E. Stickel, Douglas E. Appelt & Paul Martin - 1993 - Artificial Intelligence 63 (1-2):69-142.
  26. Reasons to Accept Vaccine Refusers in Primary Care.Mark Christopher Navin, Jason Adam Wasserman & Douglas Opel - 2020 - Pediatrics 6 (146):e20201801.
    Vaccine refusal forces us to confront tensions between many values, including scientific expertise, parental rights, children’s best interests, social responsibility, public trust, and community health. Recent outbreaks of vaccine-preventable and emerging infectious diseases have amplified these issues. The prospect of a coronavirus disease 2019 vaccine signals even more friction on the horizon. In this contentious sociopolitical landscape, it is therefore more important than ever for clinicians to identify ethically justified responses to vaccine refusal.
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  27.  14
    Reinhold Niebuhr's Two Pragmatisms.Mark Douglas - 2001 - American Journal of Theology and Philosophy 22 (3):221 - 240.
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  28. Human Evolution and Social Cognition.Mark Schaller, Justin H. Park & Kenrick & T. Douglas - 2009 - In Robin Dunbar & Louise Barrett (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Evolutionary Psychology. Oxford University Press.
  29.  2
    Post-Human Futures: Human Enhancement, Artificial Intelligence and Social Theory.Mark Carrigan & Douglas V. Porpora - 2021 - Routledge.
    This volume engages with post-humanist and transhumanist approaches to present an original exploration of the question of how humankind will fare in the face of artificial intelligence. With emerging technologies now widely assumed to be calling into question assumptions about human beings and their place within the world, and computational innovations of machine learning leading some to claim we are coming ever closer to the long-sought artificial general intelligence, it defends humanity with the argument that technological 'advances' introduced artificially into (...)
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  30. Mark.Douglas R. A. Hare - 1996
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  31. Global Neighbors: Christian Faith and Moral Obligation in Today's Economy.Douglas A. Hicks & Mark Valeri - 2008
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  32.  18
    Persuasion Strategies in Media Discourse About Russia: Linguistic Ambiguity and Uncertainty.Douglas Mark Ponton, Vladimir Ozyumenko & Tatiana Larina - 2019 - Lodz Papers in Pragmatics 15 (1):3-22.
    The paper explores the role of the media in influencing public opinion from an inferential-pragmatic perspective. It presents preliminary results of the study focused on representation of Russia in Western newspapers. Drawing on Critical Discourse Analysis and media linguistics the study centres around the linguistic means of construing ambiguity/uncertainty, viewed as a strategy of persuasion. We mostly focus on the semantics of certain groups of words and other textual features such as indefinite pronouns, epistemic modality, passive voice, present perfect tense, (...)
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  33.  16
    The Facilitation of Memory Performance.Mark Palmisano & Douglas Herrmann - 1991 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 29 (6):557-559.
  34.  13
    DOUGLAS M. HAYNES, Imperial Medicine: Patrick Manson and the Conquest of Tropical Disease. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2001. Pp. 229. ISBN 0-8122-3598-3. £26.50, $37.50. [REVIEW]Mark Harrison - 2002 - British Journal for the History of Science 35 (3):347-379.
  35.  20
    Surgeons, Intensivists, and Discretion to Refuse Requested Treatments.Mark R. Wicclair & Douglas B. White - 2014 - Hastings Center Report 44 (5):33-42.
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  36.  76
    Properties, by Douglas Edwards: Cambridge: Polity Press, 2014, Pp. Xiii + 181, £15.99.Mark Jago - 2015 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 93 (3):626-626.
    Review of Properties, by Douglas Edwards (Cambridge: Polity Press, 2014).
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  37. The Birth of Biopolitics: Lectures at the Collège de France, 1978–1979. [REVIEW]Mark Kelly, Andrew Mcgettigan, Matthew Charles & Douglas Spencer - 2009 - Radical Philosophy 153.
     
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  38.  6
    Competition Stress Leads to a Blunting of the Cortisol Awakening Response in Elite Rowers.Douglas MacDonald & Mark A. Wetherell - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  39.  2
    Douglas Thomas. Hacker Culture. 288 Pp., Illus., Index. Minneapolis/London: University of Minnesota Press, 2002. $25.95. [REVIEW]Mark H. Clark - 2003 - Isis 94 (4):776-777.
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  40. Review of Douglas Edwards, The Metaphysics of Truth. [REVIEW]Mark Jago - 2019 - Mind 128 (511):970–976.
    The Metaphysics of Truth, by EdwardsDouglas. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018. Pp. 208.
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  41.  54
    Commonsense Consequentialism. By Douglas W. Portmore. (Oxford UP, 2011. Pp. Xi + 266. Price £27.50.). [REVIEW]Mark Roojen - 2013 - Philosophical Quarterly 63 (252):626-629.
  42. The Just War Tradition Faces the Remnants of War.Mark Douglas - 2009 - In Matthew J. Morgan (ed.), The Impact of 9/11 on Religion and Philosophy. Palgrave-Macmillan.
  43. Nietzsche’s Philosophy of Education: Rethinking Ethics, Equality and the Good Life in a Democratic Age.Mark E. Jonas & Douglas Yacek - 2018 - Routledge.
    Nietzsche's Philosophy of Education makes the case that Nietzsche's ​philosophy has ​significant import for the theory and contemporary practice of education, arguing that ​some of ​Nietzsche​'s most important ​ideas ​have been misunderstood by ​previous ​interpreters. ​In ​providing novel reinterpretations of ​Nietzsche's ​ethical theory, political​ philosophy​ and philosophical anthropology ​and outlining concrete ways in which ​these ideas can enrich teaching and learning in modern democratic schools, the book sets itself apart​ from previous works on Nietzsche​. This is one of the first (...)
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  44. Nelson T. Potter and Mark Timmons, Editors, "Morality and Universality: Essays on Ethical Universalizability". [REVIEW]Douglas Odegard - 1987 - Dialogue 26 (2):380.
     
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  45.  3
    Burying the Past: Making Peace and Doing Justice After Civil Conflict.Mark Douglas - 2007 - Journal of the Society of Christian Ethics 27 (1):295-297.
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  46. Governing AI-Driven Health Research: Are IRBs Up to the Task?Phoebe Friesen, Rachel Douglas-Jones, Mason Marks, Robin Pierce, Katherine Fletcher, Abhishek Mishra, Jessica Lorimer, Carissa Véliz, Nina Hallowell, Mackenzie Graham, Mei Sum Chan, Huw Davies & Taj Sallamuddin - 2021 - Ethics and Human Research 2 (43):35-42.
    Many are calling for concrete mechanisms of oversight for health research involving artificial intelligence (AI). In response, institutional review boards (IRBs) are being turned to as a familiar model of governance. Here, we examine the IRB model as a form of ethics oversight for health research that uses AI. We consider the model's origins, analyze the challenges IRBs are facing in the contexts of both industry and academia, and offer concrete recommendations for how these committees might be adapted in order (...)
     
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  47.  10
    Review of Mark R. Reiff, Punishment, Compensation, and Law[REVIEW]Douglas Husak - 2006 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2006 (2).
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  48. Ethical Challenges and the Aspirational University : Fund-Raising and Spectator Sports.J. Douglas Toma & Mark Kavanaugh - 2011 - In Tricia Bertram Gallant (ed.), Creating the Ethical Academy: A Systems Approach to Understanding Misconduct and Empowering Change in Higher Education. Routledge.
     
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  49.  3
    Round Table: Is the Common Ground Between Pragmatism and Critical Realism More Important Than the Differences?Karin Zotzmann, Emily Barman, Douglas V. Porpora, Mark Carrigan & Dave Elder-Vass - 2022 - Journal of Critical Realism 21 (3):352-364.
    One theme of this special issue is an incitement to reconsider the relationship between pragmatism and critical realism. While their advocates sometimes come into conflict, there are also clearly b...
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    Distributed Cognition in Classical Antiquity.Miranda Anderson, Douglas Cairns & Mark Sprevak (eds.) - 2018 - Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
    12 essays by international specialists in classical antiquity create a period-specific interdisciplinary introduction to distributed cognition and the cognitive humanities - The first book in an ambitious 4-volume set looking at distributed cognition in the history of thought - Includes essays on archaeology, art history, rhetoric, literature, philosophy, science, medicine and technology -For students and scholars in classics, cognitive humanities, philosophy of mind and ancient philosophy -Includes essays by international specialists in classics, ancient history and archaeology This collection explores how (...)
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