Results for 'Philipp Wagner'

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  1.  19
    The Moral Behavior of Ethics Professors: A Replication-Extension in German-Speaking Countries.Philipp Schönegger & Johannes Wagner - 2019 - Philosophical Psychology 32 (4):532-559.
    ABSTRACTWhat is the relation between ethical reflection and moral behavior? Does professional reflection on ethical issues positively impact moral behaviors? To address these questions, Schwitzgebel and Rust empirically investigated if philosophy professors engaged with ethics on a professional basis behave any morally better or, at least, more consistently with their expressed values than do non-ethicist professors. Findings from their original US-based sample indicated that neither is the case, suggesting that there is no positive influence of ethical reflection on moral action. (...)
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  2.  4
    B. Zur erklärung und kritik der schriftsteller.Gustav Wolff, P. La Roche, Hermann Frohberger & Philipp Wagner - 1860 - Philologus: Zeitschrift für Antike Literatur Und Ihre Rezeption 16 (3).
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  3.  31
    Realistic Opinion Aggregation: Lehrer-Wagner with a Finite Set of Opinion Values. [REVIEW]R. Bradley & C. Wagner - 2012 - Episteme 9 (2):91-99.
    An allocation problem is a type of aggregation problem in which the values of individuals' opinions on some set of variables sum to a constant. This paper shows that for realistic allocation problems, namely ones in which the set of possible opinion values is finite, the only universal aggregation methods that satisfy two commonly invoked conditions are the dictatorial ones. The two conditions are, first, that the aggregate opinion on any variable depends only on the individuals' opinions on that variable (...)
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  4.  43
    Hans Wagner: Kleinere Schriften I: Systematische Abhandlungen. Hrsg. v. Bernward Grünewald.Hans Wagner, Bernward Grünewald & Reinhold Breil - 2016 - Philosophischer Literaturanzeiger 69 (2):153-165.
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  5.  51
    Wagner, Richard, Fichtes.Anteil an der Einführung der Pestalozzischen Methode in Preußen.Richard Wagner - 1920 - Kant-Studien 24 (1).
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  6.  22
    Hans Wagner: Die Würde des Menschen. Wesen und Normfunktion. Hrsg. v. Stephan Nachtsheim.Hans Wagner & Reinhold Breil - 2015 - Philosophischer Literaturanzeiger 68 (1):022-032.
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  7.  22
    "I Still Maintain That This Session Should Have Been Called" An Evening with Alfred Schutz," Maybe with the Addition in Small Print:" as Seen Through the Re-Presentations of His Student Helmut Wagner.Helmut R. Wagner - 1985 - Human Studies 8 (33).
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  8.  11
    Art, Ideology, and Politics at Bayreuth, 1876-1976Studien Zur Geschichte Der Bayreuther Festspiele.Richard Wagner in Bayreuth 1876-1976.Der Bayreuther Kreis. Wagnerkult und Kultur-Reform im Geiste Volkischer Weltanschauung.Die Tagebucher. [REVIEW]David C. Large, Michael Karbaum, Hans Mayer, Winfried Schuler & Cosima Wagner - 1978 - Journal of the History of Ideas 39 (1):149.
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  9.  9
    Realistic Opinion Aggregation: Lehrer-Wagner with a Finite Set of Opinion Values.R. Bradley & C. Wagner - 2012 - Episteme 9 (2):91-99.
    An allocation problem is a type of aggregation problem in which the values of individuals' opinions on some set of variables sum to a constant. This paper shows that for realistic allocation problems, namely ones in which the set of possible opinion values is finite, the only universal aggregation methods that satisfy two commonly invoked conditions are the dictatorial ones. The two conditions are, first, that the aggregate opinion on any variable depends only on the individuals' opinions on that variable (...)
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  10.  13
    Aristoteles-Erwähnungen im Mittelalter: Fritz Wagner.Fritz Wagner - 1987 - In Vivian Nutton, Jutta Kolesh, H. J. Lulofs & Jürgen Wiesner (eds.), Kommentierung, Überlieferung, Nachleben. De Gruyter. pp. 498-514.
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  11.  13
    Der syrische Auszug der Meteorologie des Theophrast. Hrsg. und ubers. E. Wagner. Eingel. und erkl. P. Steinmetz.H. B. Gottschalk, Theophrastus, E. Wagner & P. Steinmetz - 1966 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 86:195.
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  12.  30
    Guide to the Martin Von Wagner Museum Erika Simon et al.: Führer durch die Antikenabteilung des Martin von Wagner Museums der Universität Würzburg. Pp. 301; 64 plates. Mainz: Philipp von Zabern, 1975. Cloth, DM.68. [REVIEW]D. C. Kurtz - 1977 - The Classical Review 27 (02):246-.
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  13.  49
    Jeffrey Conditioning and External Bayesianity.Carl Wagner - 2010 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 18 (2):336-345.
    Suppose that several individuals who have separately assessed prior probability distributions over a set of possible states of the world wish to pool their individual distributions into a single group distribution, while taking into account jointly perceived new evidence. They have the option of first updating their individual priors and then pooling the resulting posteriors or first pooling their priors and then updating the resulting group prior. If the pooling method that they employ is such that they arrive at the (...)
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  14.  39
    Old Evidence and New Explanation III.Carl G. Wagner - 2001 - Philosophy of Science 68 (3):S165 - S175.
    Garber (1983) and Jeffrey (1991, 1995) have both proposed solutions to the old evidence problem. Jeffrey's solution, based on a new probability revision method called reparation, has been generalized to the case of uncertain old evidence and probabilistic new explanation in Wagner 1997, 1999. The present paper reformulates some of the latter work, highlighting the central role of Bayes factors and their associated uniformity principle, and extending the analysis to the case in which an hypothesis bears on a countable (...)
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  15.  13
    Coset-Minimal Groups.Oleg Belegradek, Viktor Verbovskiy & Frank O. Wagner - 2003 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 121 (2-3):113-143.
    A totally ordered group G is called coset-minimal if every definable subset of G is a finite union of cosets of definable subgroups intersected with intervals with endpoints in G{±∞}. Continuing work in Belegradek et al. 1115) and Point and Wagner 261), we study coset-minimality, as well as two weak versions of the notion: eventual and ultimate coset-minimality. These groups are abelian; an eventually coset-minimal group, as a pure ordered group, is an ordered abelian group of finite regular rank. (...)
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  16.  27
    Allocation Aggregation for a Finite Valuation Domain.Carl Wagner - unknown
    A decision problem in which the values of the decision variables must sum to a fixed positive real number s is called an "allocation problem," and the problem of aggregating the allocations of n experts the "allocation aggregation problem." Under two simple axiomatic restrictions on aggregation, the only acceptable allocation aggregation method is based on weighted arithmetic averaging (Lehrer and Wagner, Rational Consensus in Science and Society, 1981). In this note it is demonstrated that when the values assigned to (...)
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  17. A Friendship That Lasted a Lifetime: The Correspondence Between Alfred Schutz and Eric Voegelin.Gerhard Wagner & Gilbert Weiss (eds.) - 2011 - University of Missouri.
    Scholarly correspondence can be as insightful as scholarly work itself, as it often documents the motivating forces of its writers’ intellectual ideas while illuminating their lives more clearly. The more complex the authors’ scholarly works and the more troubled the eras in which they lived, the more substantial, and potentially fascinating, their correspondence. This is especially true of the letters between Alfred Schutz and Eric Voegelin. The scholars lived in incredibly dramatic times and produced profound, complex works that continue to (...)
     
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  18.  22
    Personenidentität in der Welt der Begegnungen: Menschliche Persistenz, diachrone personale Identität und die psycho-physische Einheit der Person. De Gruyter 2013.Nils-Frederic Wagner - 2013 - De Gruyter.
    What does it mean to persist as an individual person throughout the course of a lifetime? Wagner develops a theory that regards persons as psychophysical actors whose identity is determined by the contingent de facto norms and structures of the world of action. Personal identity is understood as being a potentially mutable relationship that localizes our existence on a continuum between humanness and personhood.
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  19.  24
    Performing the Matrix: Mediating Cultural Performance.Meike Wagner & Wolf-Dieter Ernst (eds.) - 2008 - Epodium Verlag.
    Meike Wagner and Wolf-Dieter Ernst Performing the Matrix. Mediating Cultural Performances Neo: The matrix? Morpheus: Do you want to know what it is? ...
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  20. Squaring the Circle in Descartes' Meditations: The Strong Validation of Reason.Stephen I. Wagner - 2014 - Cambridge University Press.
    Descartes' Meditations is one of the most thoroughly analyzed of all philosophical texts. Nevertheless, central issues in Descartes' thought remain unresolved, particularly the problem of the Cartesian Circle. Most attempts to deal with that problem have weakened the force of Descartes' own doubts or weakened the goals he was seeking. In this book, Stephen I. Wagner gives Descartes' doubts their strongest force and shows how he overcomes those doubts, establishing with metaphysical certainty the existence of a non-deceiving God and (...)
     
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  21.  55
    Considerations in Ethical Decision-Making and Software Piracy.Suzanne C. Wagner & G. Lawrence Sanders - 2001 - Journal of Business Ethics 29 (1-2):161 - 167.
    Individuals are faced with the many opportunities to pirate. The decision to pirate or not may be related to an individual''s attitudes toward other ethical issues. A person''s ethical and moral predispositions and the judgments that they use to make decisions may be consistent across various ethical dilemmas and may indicate their likelihood to pirate software. This paper investigates the relationship between religion and a theoretical ethical decision making process that an individual uses when evaluating ethical or unethical situations. An (...)
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  22. Probability Kinematics and Commutativity.Carl G. Wagner - 2002 - Philosophy of Science 69 (2):266-278.
    The so-called "non-commutativity" of probability kinematics has caused much unjustified concern. When identical learning is properly represented, namely, by identical Bayes factors rather than identical posterior probabilities, then sequential probability-kinematical revisions behave just as they should. Our analysis is based on a variant of Field's reformulation of probability kinematics, divested of its (inessential) physicalist gloss.
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  23. Alfred Schutz: An Intellectual Biography.Helmut R. Wagner - 1983 - University of Chicago Press.
  24.  82
    How Molecular is Molecular Developmental Biology? A Reply to Alex Rosenberg's Reductionism Redux: Computing the Embryo. [REVIEW]Manfred D. Laubichler & Günter P. Wagner - 2001 - Biology and Philosophy 16 (1):53-68.
    This paper argues in defense of theanti-reductionist consensus in the philosophy ofbiology. More specifically, it takes issues with AlexRosenberg's recent challenge of this position. Weargue that the results of modern developmentalgenetics rather than eliminating the need forfunctional kinds in explanations of developmentactually reinforce their importance.
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  25.  55
    How Wide and How Deep is the Divide Between Population Genetics and Developmental Evolution?Günter P. Wagner - 2007 - Biology and Philosophy 22 (1):145-153.
  26.  48
    Organism and Character Decomposition: Steps Towards an Integrative Theory of Biology.Manfred D. Laubichler & Gunter P. Wagner - 2000 - Philosophy of Science 67 (3):300.
    In this paper we argue that an operational organism concept can help to overcome the structural deficiency of mathematical models in biology. In our opinion, the structural deficiency of mathematical models lies mainly in our inability to identify functionally relevant biological characters in biological systems, and not so much in a lack of adequate mathematical representations of biological processes. We argue that the problem of character identification in biological systems is linked to the question of a properly formulated organism concept. (...)
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  27.  30
    On the Formal Properties of Weighted Averaging as a Method of Aggregation.Carl Wagner - 1985 - Synthese 62 (1):97 - 108.
  28.  39
    Carnap's Logical Syntax of Language.Pierre Wagner (ed.) - 2009 - Palgrave-Macmillan.
    This volumes aim is to provide an introduction to Carnaps book from a historical and philosophical perspective, each chapter focusing on one specific issue. The book will be of interest not only to Carnap scholars but to all those interested in the history of analytical philosophy.
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  29. Liftez Les Sylows! Une Suite À "Sous-Groupes Périodiques d'Un Groupe Stable".Bruno Poizat & Frank O. Wagner - 2000 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 65 (2):703-704.
    If G is an omega-stable group with a normal definable subgroup H, then the Sylow-2-subgroups of G/H are the images of the Sylow-2-subgroups of G. /// Sei G eine omega-stabile Gruppe und H ein definierbarer Normalteiler von G. Dann sind die Sylow-2-Untergruppen von G/H Bilder der Sylow-2-Untergruppen von G.
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  30.  33
    Towards a Theory of Synagonism.Nathalie Karagiannis & Peter Wagner - 2005 - Journal of Political Philosophy 13 (3):235–262.
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  31. Quasi-o-Minimal Structures.Oleg Belegradek, Ya'Acov Peterzil & Frank Wagner - 2000 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 65 (3):1115-1132.
    A structure (M, $ ,...) is called quasi-o-minimal if in any structure elementarily equivalent to it the definable subsets are exactly the Boolean combinations of 0-definable subsets and intervals. We give a series of natural examples of quasi-o-minimal structures which are not o-minimal; one of them is the ordered group of integers. We develop a technique to investigate quasi-o-minimality and use it to study quasi-o-minimal ordered groups (possibly with extra structure). Main results: any quasi-o-minimal ordered group is abelian; any quasi-o-minimal (...)
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  32. Quasi-Endomorphisms in Small Stable Groups.Frank O. Wagner - 1993 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 58 (3):1044-1051.
    We generalise various properties of quasiendomorphisms from groups with regular generic to small abelian groups. In particular, for a small abelian group such that no infinite definable quotient is connected-by-finite, the ring of quasi-endomorphisms is locally finite. Under some additional assumptions, it decomposes modulo some nil ideal into a sum of finitely many matrix rings.
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  33.  33
    Consensus Through Respect: A Model of Rational Group Decision-Making.Carl Wagner - 1978 - Philosophical Studies 34 (4):335 - 349.
  34. Old Evidence and New Explanation II.Carl G. Wagner - 1999 - Philosophy of Science 66 (2):283-288.
    Additional results are reported on the author's earlier generalization of Richard Jeffrey's solution to the problem of old evidence and new explanation.
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  35.  89
    Causality in Complex Systems.Andreas Wagner - 1999 - Biology and Philosophy 14 (1):83-101.
    Systems involving many interacting variables are at the heart of the natural and social sciences. Causal language is pervasive in the analysis of such systems, especially when insight into their behavior is translated into policy decisions. This is exemplified by economics, but to an increasing extent also by biology, due to the advent of sophisticated tools to identify the genetic basis of many diseases. It is argued here that a regularity notion of causality can only be meaningfully defined for systems (...)
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  36.  42
    Modus Tollens Probabilized.Carl G. Wagner - 2004 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 55 (4):747-753.
    We establish a probabilized version of modus tollens, deriving from p(E|H)=a and p()=b the best possible bounds on p(). In particular, we show that p() 1 as a, b 1, and also as a, b 0. Introduction Probabilities of conditionals Conditional probabilities 3.1 Adams' thesis 3.2 Modus ponens for conditional probabilities 3.3 Modus tollens for conditional probabilities.
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  37.  29
    Varieties of Agonism: Conflict, the Common Good, and the Need for Synagonism.Nathalie Karagiannis & Peter Wagner - 2008 - Journal of Social Philosophy 39 (3):323-339.
  38. The End of Luhmann's Social Systems Theory.Gerhard Wagner - 1997 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 27 (4):387-409.
    By advocating an enlightened method of theorizing committed to thinking in terms of a system of differences, Luhmann has contributed to the development of sociology in a manner that cannot be praised enough. Nonetheless, he does not succeed in giving an account of his own position that satisfies the very logical preconditions that he himself has formulated for it. Instead, his systems theory paradigm of sociology is based on metaphysical premises characteristic of the identity-logical thought of "Old Europe." In fact, (...)
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  39.  42
    A History and Theory of the Social Sciences: Not All That is Solid Melts Into Air.Peter Wagner - 2001 - Sage Publications.
    Divided into two parts this book examines the train of social theory from the 19th century, through to the `organization of modernity', in relation to ideas of social planning, and as contributors to the `rationalistic revolution' of the `golden age' of capitalism in the 1950s and 60s. Part two examines key concepts in the social sciences. It begins with some of the broadest concepts used by social scientists: choice, decision, action and institution and moves on to examine the `collectivist alternative': (...)
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  40.  14
    Supersimple Ω-Categorical Groups and Theories.David M. Evans & Frank O. Wagner - 2000 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 65 (2):767-776.
    An ω-categorical supersimple group is finite-by-abelian-by-finite, and has finite SU-rank. Every definable subgroup is commensurable with an acl( $\emptyset$ )-definable subgroup. Every finitely based regular type in a CM-trivial ω-categorical simple theory is non-orthogonal to a type of SU-rank 1. In particular, a supersimple ω-categorical CM-trivial theory has finite SU-rank.
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  41.  44
    Probability Amalgamation and the Independence Issue: A Reply to Laddaga.Keith Lehrer & Carl Wagner - 1983 - Synthese 55 (3):339 - 346.
  42.  84
    Old Evidence and New Explanation.Carl G. Wagner - 1997 - Philosophy of Science 64 (4):677-691.
    Jeffrey has devised a probability revision method that increases the probability of hypothesis H when it is discovered that H implies previously known evidence E. A natural extension of Jeffrey's method likewise increases the probability of H when E has been established with sufficiently high probability and it is then discovered, quite apart from this, that H confers sufficiently higher probability on E than does its logical negation H̄.
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  43.  27
    Commuting Probability Revisions: The Uniformity Rule. [REVIEW]Carl G. Wagner - 2003 - Erkenntnis 59 (3):349-364.
    A simple rule of probability revision ensures that the final result ofa sequence of probability revisions is undisturbed by an alterationin the temporal order of the learning prompting those revisions.This Uniformity Rule dictates that identical learning be reflectedin identical ratios of certain new-to-old odds, and is grounded in the oldBayesian idea that such ratios represent what is learned from new experiencealone, with prior probabilities factored out. The main theorem of this paperincludes as special cases (i) Field's theorem on commuting probability-kinematical (...)
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  44.  35
    The Nascent Political Philosophy of the European Polity.Heidrun Friese & Peter Wagner - 2002 - Journal of Political Philosophy 10 (3):342–364.
  45.  32
    Queries About Social Representation and Construction.Wolfgang Wagner - 1996 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 26 (2):95–120.
  46.  32
    Dispute, Uncertainty and Institution in Recent French Debates.Peter Wagner - 1994 - Journal of Political Philosophy 2 (3):270–289.
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  47.  32
    Intransitive Indifference: The Semi-Order Problem.Keith Lehrer & Carl Wagner - 1985 - Synthese 65 (2):249 - 256.
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  48.  45
    Generalized Probability Kinematics.Carl G. Wagner - 1992 - Erkenntnis 36 (2):245 - 257.
    Jeffrey conditionalization is generalized to the case in which new evidence bounds the possible revisions of a prior below by a Dempsterian lower probability. Classical probability kinematics arises within this generalization as the special case in which the evidentiary focal elements of the bounding lower probability are pairwise disjoint.
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  49.  62
    Teleosemantics and the Troubles of Naturalism.Steven J. Wagner - 1996 - Philosophical Studies 82 (1):81-110.
  50.  16
    The Fallacy of Misplaced Intentionality in Social Representation Research.Wolfgang Wagner - 1994 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 24 (3):243–165.
    This paper argues that social representations cannot be used as independent variables in causal explanations of social behaviour. It is shown that the structure of investigations often follows a causally explanatory design despite explicit statements to the contrary by the researchers. This fact is analyzed with three investigations. It is argued that verbal data used to assess the contents of a representation as independent variable are logically equivalent to data obtained from the “dependent” overt behaviour. Therefore these two kinds of (...)
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