Dion and theon: An essentialist solution to an ancient puzzle

Journal of Philosophy 91 (3):129-139 (1994)
Dion is a full-bodied man. Theon is that part of him which consists of all of him except his left foot. What becomes of Dion and Theon when Dion’s left foot is amputated? Employing the doctrine of sortal essentialism, I defend a surprising answer last defended by Chrysippus: that Dion survives while the seemingly unscathed Theon perishes.
Keywords material constitution  identity puzzles
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DOI jphil199491338
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Nikk Effingham (2010). Mereological Explanation and Time Travel. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 88 (2):333-345.
Kris McDaniel (2010). Parts and Wholes. Philosophy Compass 5 (5):412-425.

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