David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Journal of Religious Ethics 36 (2):269-294 (2008)
Many contemporary scholars debate whether war should be conceived as a relative evil or a morally neutral act. The works of Augustine may offer new ways of thinking through the categories of this debate. In an early period, Augustine develops the distinction between evil done and evil suffered. Augustine's early treatments of war locate the saint as detached sage doing only good, and immune from evil suffered. In a middle period, he develops a richer picture of the evil suffered on the occasion of the loss of historical goods but fails to develop the implications of this picture as concerns war. Finally, without abandoning emphasis on the avoidance of doing evil, Augustine comes to highlight how evil suffered in war prevents us from speaking simply of good wars. Augustine's ability to hold together senses of evil and their moral significance provides a useful avenue for new thought on this issue
|Keywords||presumption evil Augustine suffering just war|
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References found in this work BETA
Martha C. Nussbaum (2001). Upheavals of Thought: The Intelligence of Emotions. Cambridge University Press.
Martha Nussbaum (1988). The Fragility of Goodness. Journal of Philosophy 85 (7):376-383.
Paul Ramsey & Stanley Hauerwas (2002). The Just War: Force and Political Responsibility. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
St Augustine (1996). De Doctrina Christiana. Oxford University Press Uk.
Citations of this work BETA
David Decosimo (2010). Just Lies: Finding Augustine's Ethics of Public Lying in His Treatments of Lying and Killing. Journal of Religious Ethics 38 (4):661-697.
Nico Vorster (2015). Just War and Virtue: Revisiting Augustine and Thomas Aquinas. South African Journal of Philosophy 34 (1):55-68.
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John Langan (1984). The Elements of St. Augustine's Just War Theory. Journal of Religious Ethics 12 (1):19 - 38.
G. R. Evans (1982). Augustine on Evil. Cambridge University Press.
Robin May Schott (2008). Just War and the Problem of Evil. Hypatia 23 (2):pp. 122-140.
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