David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Philosophical Papers 33 (3):251-289 (2004)
Stereotypes are false or misleading generalizations about groups held in a manner that renders them largely, though not entirely, immune to counterevidence. In doing so, stereotypes powerfully shape the stereotyper's perception of stereotyped groups, seeing the stereotypic characteristics when they are not present, failing to see the contrary of those characteristics when they are, and generally homogenizing the group. A stereotyper associates a certain characteristic with the stereotyped group?for example Blacks with being athletic?but may do so with a form of cognitive investment in that association that does not rise to the level of a belief in the generalization that Blacks are athletic
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Robert Mark Simpson (2013). Un-Ringing the Bell: Mcgowan on Oppressive Speech and The Asymmetric Pliability of Conversations. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 91 (3):555-575.
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