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Profile: Robyn Bluhm (Old Dominion University)
  1. Robyn Bluhm (2013). New Research, Old Problems: Methodological and Ethical Issues in fMRI Research Examining Sex/Gender Differences in Emotion Processing. Neuroethics 6 (2):319-330.
    Neuroscience research examining sex/gender differences aims to explain behavioral differences between men and women in terms of differences in their brains. Historically, this research has used ad hoc methods and has been conducted explicitly in order to show that prevailing gender roles were dictated by biology. I examine contemporary fMRI research on sex/gender differences in emotion processing and argue that it, too, both uses problematic methods and, in doing so, reinforces gender stereotypes.
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  2. Robyn Bluhm (2013). Physiological Mechanisms and Epidemiological Research. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 19 (3):422 - 426.
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  3. Robyn Bluhm (2013). Self‐Fulfilling Prophecies: The Influence of Gender Stereotypes on Functional Neuroimaging Research on Emotion. Hypatia 28 (4):870-886.
    Feminist scholars have shown that research on sex/gender differences in the brain is often used to support gender stereotypes. Scientists use a variety of methodological and interpretive strategies to make their results consistent with these stereotypes. In this paper, I analyze functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) research that examines differences between women and men in brain activity associated with emotion and show that these researchers go to great lengths to make their results consistent with the view that women are more (...)
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  4. Michael Loughlin, Robyn Bluhm, Drozdstoj S. Stoyanov, Stephen Buetow, Ross E. G. Upshur, Kirstin Borgerson, Maya J. Goldenberg & Elselijn Kingma (2013). Explanation, Understanding, Objectivity and Experience. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 19 (3):415-421.
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  5. Robyn Bluhm (2012). Beyond Neurosexism : Is It Possible to Defend the Female Brain? In Robyn Bluhm, Anne Jaap Jacobson & Heidi Lene Maibom (eds.), Neurofeminism: Issues at the Intersection of Feminist Theory and Cognitive Science. Palgrave Macmillan.
  6. Robyn Bluhm (2012). Capacities in Psychiatry: A Commentary on Hubbeling. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (5):1019-1019.
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  7. Robyn Bluhm (2012). Elizabeth Ben-Ishai is Assistant Professor of Political Science at Albion College. Her Research Focuses on Feminist Political Theory, Theories of Autonomy, and Social Welfare Service Delivery. Her Recent Publications Include Fostering Autonomy: A Theory of Citizenship, the State, and Social Service Delivery (2012). [REVIEW] International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 5 (2).
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  8. Robyn Bluhm (2012). Vulnerability, Health, and Illness. International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 5 (2):147-161.
    It seems clear that being sick makes people vulnerable. Not only can even relatively mild, transient illnesses such as colds or flus serve as an unpleasant reminder of the vulnerability of the usual state of health that many of us are fortunate enough to enjoy, but more serious, chronic conditions can force individuals to adapt—or even abandon—life plans or projects, and can also alter their self-conception. Yet philosophical theories of health and disease do not discuss vulnerability, nor does it have (...)
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  9. Robyn Bluhm, Anne Jaap Jacobson & Heidi Maibom (2012). Introduction. In Robyn Bluhm, Anne Jaap Jacobson & Heidi Lene Maibom (eds.), Neurofeminism: Issues at the Intersection of Feminist Theory and Cognitive Science. Palgrave Macmillan.
  10. Robyn Bluhm, Anne Jaap Jacobson & Heidi Lene Maibom (eds.) (2012). Neurofeminism: Issues at the Intersection of Feminist Theory and Cognitive Science. Palgrave Macmillan.
  11. Michael Loughlin, Robyn Bluhm, Stephen Buetow, Ross E. G. Upshur, Maya J. Goldenberg, Kirstin Borgerson, Vikki Entwistle & Elselijn Kingma (2012). Reason and Value: Making Reasoning Fit for Practice. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (5):929-937.
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  12. Robyn Bluhm (2011). Feminist Bioethics: At the Center, on the Margins. [REVIEW] International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 4 (2):154-159.
    Feminist Bioethics: At the Center, on the Margins is a collection of essays that “reflect on the positioning of feminist bioethics” (xi). The volume editors suggest that the discipline of feminist bioethics, twenty years after it began, faces tension between becoming incorporated into mainstream bioethics, which would mean that it has greater influence on bioethics as a whole, and remaining “on the margins,” where it can perhaps better continue its critical project of drawing attention to the ways in which “dominant (...)
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  13. Robyn Bluhm (2011). Feminist Bioethics: At the Center, on the Margins. Edited by Jackie Leach Scully, Laurel E. Baldwin-Ragaven, and Petya Fitzpatrick. International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 4 (2):154-159.
  14. Robyn Bluhm (2011). Gender Differences in Depression: Explanations From Feminist Ethics. International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 4 (1):69-88.
    Feminist bioethics is committed to recognizing the way that power differentials arising from differences in social location shape health and health care, and also to ensuring that women's experiences inform bioethical analyses (Sherwin 1992, 1998; Scully et al. 2010). Yet there may be a tension between these two points of emphasis, not because they are incompatible but because they require very different perspectives. In this article, I argue that feminist analyses of the relationship between gender and mental disorder have tended (...)
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  15. Robyn Bluhm (2011). Jeremy Howick: The Philosophy of Evidence-Based Medicine. [REVIEW] Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 32 (6):423-427.
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  16. Robyn Bluhm & Kirstin Borgerson (2011). Evidence-Based Medicine. In Fred Gifford (ed.), Philosophy of Medicine. Elsevier.
  17. Jennifer L. Hansen, Jennifer Radden, Nancy Nyquist Potter, Lisa Cosgrove, Carol Steinberg Gould, Gwen Adshead, Robyn Bluhm, Ginger A. Hoffman, Elleke Landeweer & Tineke A. Abma (2011). 2. From the Editors From the Editors (Pp. 1-10). International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 4 (1).
     
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  18. Michael Loughlin, Robyn Bluhm, Stephen Buetow, Ross E. G. Upshur, Maya J. Goldenberg, Kirstin Borgerson & Vikki Entwistle (2011). Virtue, Progress and Practice. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (5):839-846.
  19. Robyn Bluhm (2010). Evidence‐Based Medicine and Philosophy of Science. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 16 (2):363-364.
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  20. Robyn Bluhm (2010). Marcum, James A., An Introductory Philosophy of Medicine: Humanizing Modern Medicine. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 31 (5):391-393.
  21. Robyn Bluhm (2010). The Epistemology and Ethics of Chronic Disease Research: Further Lessons From Ecmo. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 31 (2):107-122.
    Robert Truog describes the controversial randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) therapy in newborns. Because early results with ECMO indicated that it might be a great advance, saving many lives, Truog argues that ECMO should not have been tested using RCTs, but that a long-term, large-scale observational study of actual clinical practice should have been conducted instead. Central to Truog’s argument, however, is the idea that ECMO is an unusual case. Thus, it is an open question whether (...)
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  22. Michael Loughlin, Ross E. G. Upshur, Maya J. Goldenberg, Robyn Bluhm & Kirstin Borgerson (2010). Philosophy, Ethics, Medicine and Health Care: The Urgent Need for Critical Practice. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 16 (2):249-259.
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  23. Robyn Bluhm (2009). Evidence-Based Medicine and Patient Autonomy. International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 2 (2):134-151.
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  24. Robyn Bluhm (2009). Some Observations on “Observational” Research. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 52 (2):252-263.
    Evidence-based medicine (EBM) ranks different medical research methods on a hierarchy, at the top of which are randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and systematic reviews or meta-analyses of RCTs. Any study that does not randomly assign patients to a treatment or a control group is automatically placed at a lower level on the hierarchy. This article argues that what matters is whether the treatment and control groups are similar with respect to potential confounding factors, not whether they got that way through (...)
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  25. Maya J. Goldenberg, Kirstin Borgerson & Robyn Bluhm (2009). The Nature of Evidence in Evidence-Based Medicine: Guest Editors' Introduction. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 52 (2):164-167.
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  26. Robyn Bluhm (2008). Beyond the Basics. In Luc Faucher & Christine Tappolet (eds.), The Modularity of Emotions. University of Calgary Press.
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  27. Robyn Bluhm (2007). Clinical Trials as Nomological Machines: Implications for Evidence-Based Medicine. In Harold Kincaid Jennifer McKitrick (ed.), Establishing Medical Reality: Essays In The Metaphysics And Epistemology Of Biomedical Science. Springer.
  28. Robyn Bluhm (2007). Beyond the Basics: The Evolution and Development of Human Emotions. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 36 (5S):73-94.
  29. Roxanne Mykitiuk, Jeff Nisker & Robyn Bluhm (2007). The Canadian Assisted Human Reproduction Act: Protecting Women's Health While Potentially Allowing Human Somatic Cell Nuclear Transfer Into Non-Human Oocytes. American Journal of Bioethics 7 (2):71-73.
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  30. Robyn Bluhm (2005). From Hierarchy to Network: A Richer View of Evidence for Evidence-Based Medicine. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 48 (4):535-547.
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  31. Kirstin Borgerson & Robyn Bluhm (2005). Evidence Based Medicine: Editors' Overview and Introduction. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 48 (4):475-476.
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