Mereology and quantum chemistry: the approximation of molecular orbital [Book Review]

Foundations of Chemistry 12 (3):203-221 (2010)
Abstract
Mulliken proposed an Aufbauprinzip for the molecules on the basis of molecular spectroscopy while establishing, point by point, his concept of molecular orbit. It is the concept of electronic state which becomes the lever for his attribution of electronic configurations to a molecule. In 1932, the concept of orbit was transmuted into that of the molecular orbital to integrate the probabilistic approach of Born and to achieve quantitative accuracy. On the basis of the quantum works of Hund, Wigner, Lennard-Jones and group theory, he suggested the fragment method to establish the characteristics of molecular orbital for polyatomic molecules. These developments make it possible to bring elements of thought on the relation between a molecular whole and its parts . An operational realism combined with the second law of thermodynamics can pave the way for interesting tracks in the mereological study of chemical systems
Keywords Reduction  Emergence  Mereology  Molecule  Atom  Mixed  Aggregate  Properties  Spectroscopic state  Valence  Quantum state
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