Probabilistic causality and Simpson's paradox

Philosophy of Science 52 (1):110-125 (1985)
This paper discusses Simpson's paradox and the problem of positive relevance in probabilistic causality. It is argued that Cartwright's solution to Simpson's paradox fails because it ignores one crucial form of the paradox. After clarifying different forms of the paradox, it is shown that any adequate solution to the paradox must allow a cause to be both a negative cause and a positive cause of..
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DOI 10.1086/289225
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John W. Carroll (1991). Property-Level Causation? Philosophical Studies 63 (3):245 - 270.
Gary Malinas (1997). Simpson's Paradox and the Wayward Researcher. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 75 (3):343 – 359.

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