David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy (2009)
Divine immutability, the claim that God is immutable, is a central part of traditional Christianity, though it has come under sustained attack in the last two hundred years. This article first catalogues the historical precedent for and against this claim, then discusses different answers to the question, “What is it to be immutable?” Two definitions of divine immutability receive careful attention. The first is that for God to be immutable is for God to have a constant character and to be faithful in divine promises; this is a definition of “weak immutability.” The second, “strong immutability,” is that for God to be immutable is for God to be wholly unchanging. After showing some implications of the definitions, the article focuses on strong immutability and provides some common arguments against the claim that God is immutable, understood in that way. While most of the historical evidence discussed in this article is from Christian sources, the core discussion of what it is to be strongly immutable, and the arguments against it, are not particular to Christianity.
|Keywords||Philosophy of Religion Divine Attributes Philosophical Theology|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Michael J. Dodds (1986). The Unchanging God of Love: A Study of the Teaching of St. Thomas Aquinas on Divine Immutability in View of Certain Contemporary Criticism of This Doctrine. Éditions Universitaires.
David Cunning (2003). Descartes on the Immutability of the Divine Will. Religious Studies 39 (1):79-92.
Thomas V. Morris (ed.) (1987). The Concept of God. Oxford University Press.
R. T. Mullins (2011). Divine Perfection and Creation. Heythrop Journal 54 (5):n/a-n/a.
Ismail Cetin (2009). Some Reflections on the Concept of 'Timeless God' in Western Thought. Kaygi 12:225 - 234.
Janine Idziak (2010). Michael J. Dodds, O.P., The Unchanging God of Love: Thomas Aquinas & Contemporary Theology on Divine Immutability, 2nd Edition. [REVIEW] International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 67 (1):49-53.
Katherin Rogers (2007). Anselm and His Islamic Contempories on Divine Necessity and Eternity. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 81 (3):373-393.
Jeffrey Green (2007). Jay Wesley Richards: The Untamed God: A Philosophical Exploration of Divine Perfection, Simplicity and Immutability. Faith and Philosophy 24 (2):235-238.
Jacob Adler (1989). Divine Attributes in Spinoza. Philosophy and Theology 4 (1):33-52.
Nicholas Everitt (2010). The Divine Attributes. Philosophy Compass 5 (1):78-90.
Charles J. Kelly (1988). Why God is Not Really Related to the World. Philosophy Research Archives 14:455-487.
George N. Schlesinger (1988). New Perspectives on Old-Time Religion. Oxford University Press.
Paul K. Moser (2008). The Elusive God: Reorienting Religious Epistemology. Cambridge University Press.
Added to index2012-07-02
Total downloads27 ( #100,874 of 1,699,564 )
Recent downloads (6 months)5 ( #128,702 of 1,699,564 )
How can I increase my downloads?