David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (4):461-487 (2008)
In our target article, we proposed that addiction could be envisioned as misperformance of a decision-making machinery described by two systems (deliberative and habit systems). Several commentators have argued that Pavlovian learning also produces actions. We agree and note that Pavlovian action-selection will provide several additional vulnerabilities. Several commentators have suggested that addiction arises from sociological parameters. We note in our response how sociological effects can change decision-making variables to provide additional vulnerabilities. Commentators generally have agreed that our theory provides a framework within which to site addiction and treatment, but additional work will be needed to determine whether our taxonomy will help identify and treat subpopulations within the addicted community.
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Allen Newell (1990). Unified Theories of Cognition. Harvard University Press.
R. L. Buckner & D. C. Carroll (2007). Self-Projection and the Brain. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 11 (2):49-57.
George Ainslie (2001). Breakdown of Will. Cambridge University Press.
George Ainslie (1995). Picoeconomics: The Strategic Interaction of Successive Motivational States Within the Person. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 55 (4):981-983.
Thomas Suddendorf & Janie Busby (2003). Mental Time Travel in Animals? Trends in Cognitive Sciences 7 (9):391-396.
Citations of this work BETA
Antonio Rangel (2011). How Does the Brain Make Economic Decisions? Trends in Cognitive Sciences 15 (3):95-96.
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