David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (4):461-487 (2008)
In our target article, we proposed that addiction could be envisioned as misperformance of a decision-making machinery described by two systems (deliberative and habit systems). Several commentators have argued that Pavlovian learning also produces actions. We agree and note that Pavlovian action-selection will provide several additional vulnerabilities. Several commentators have suggested that addiction arises from sociological parameters. We note in our response how sociological effects can change decision-making variables to provide additional vulnerabilities. Commentators generally have agreed that our theory provides a framework within which to site addiction and treatment, but additional work will be needed to determine whether our taxonomy will help identify and treat subpopulations within the addicted community
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References found in this work BETA
George Ainslie (2001). Breakdown of Will. Cambridge University Press.
Chrisoula Andreou (2005). Going From Bad (Or Not so Bad) to Worse: On Harmful Addictions and Habits. American Philosophical Quarterly 42 (4):323 - 331.
M. Ben-Ari (2005). Just a Theory: Exploring the Nature of Science. Prometheus Books.
R. L. Buckner & D. C. Carroll (2007). Self-Projection and the Brain. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 11 (2):49-57.
Allen Newell (1990). Unified Theories of Cognition. Harvard University Press.
Citations of this work BETA
Antonio Rangel (2011). How Does the Brain Make Economic Decisions? Trends in Cognitive Sciences 15 (3):95-96.
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