|Abstract||Darwin believed that his theory of evolution would stand or fall on its ability to account for human behavior. No species could be an exception to his theory without imperiling the whole edifice. One of the most striking features of human behavior is our very elaborate social life involving cooperation with large numbers of other people. The evolution of the ethical sensibilities and institutions of humans was thus one of his central concerns. Darwin made four main arguments regarding human morality: (1) that it is a product of group selection; (2) that an immense difference existed between human moral systems and those of other animals; (3) that the human social instincts were “primeval” and essentially the same in all modern humans; and (4) that moral progress was possible based on using the instinct of sympathy as the basis for inventing and favoring the spread of improved social institutions. Modern studies of cultural evolution suggest that Darwin’s arguments about the evolution of morality are largely correct in their essentials.|
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Through your library||Only published papers are available at libraries|
Similar books and articles
Gregory Radick (2008). Race and Language in the Darwinian Tradition (and What Darwin's Language–Species Parallels Have to Do with It). Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 39 (3):359-370.
Cor van der Weele (2011). Empathy's Purity, Sympathy's Complexities; De Waal, Darwin and Adam Smith. Biology and Philosophy 26 (4):583-593.
J. Wentzel van Huyssteen (2010). When Were We Persons? Why Hominid Evolution Holds the Key to Embodied Personhood. Neue Zeitschrift für Systematische Theologie Und Religionsphilosophie 52 (4).
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads44 ( #25,254 of 548,941 )
Recent downloads (6 months)2 ( #37,438 of 548,941 )
How can I increase my downloads?