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  1.  2
    The Dynamic Conception of Being in the First Philosophers and the Notion of Φύσις.Nestor-Luis Cordero - 2022 - Journal of Ancient Philosophy 16 (2):1-23.
    According to Aristotle, the "object" of study of the first philosophers was the φύσις. Even though the term appears for the first time in Heraclitus, the early answers to the question "what is the 'being' of τὰ ὄντα" present already it as a source of active and dynamic life, according to the etymology of φύσις. This is the meaning in Homer, and this is also the case of water, air, and the γόνιμα contained in the φύσις ἄπειρον. The φύσις of (...)
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  2.  1
    Física E Metafísica No Estoicismo Antigo.Guy Hamelin - 2022 - Journal of Ancient Philosophy 16 (2):149-181.
    The Stoic School takes up the tripartite division of philosophy of the post-Platonic Academy, in which physics occupies, alongside dialectics and ethics, a prominent place. In this tripartition, there is no metaphysics, nor in the two subdivisions of Stoic physics. For the thinkers of the Stoa, there is nothing beyond physics. In spite of this statement, we try to discover, in this article, the presence of a study devoted to first philosophy among the various topics investigated by the Stoics in (...)
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  3.  29
    Aitiai as Middle Terms.Boris Hennig - 2022 - Journal of Ancient Philosophy 16 (2):126-148.
    Aristotle’s aitiai are middle terms in Aristotelian syllogisms. I argue that stating the aitia of a thing therefore amounts to re-describing this same thing in an alternative and illuminating way. This, in turn, means that a thing and its aitiai really are one and the same thing under different descriptions. The purpose of this paper is to show that this view is implied by Aristotle’s account of explanation, and that it makes more sense than one might expect.
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  4. O Anel de Gyges Nos Devaneios de Rousseau.Luiz Maurício Bentim da Rocha Menezes - 2022 - Journal of Ancient Philosophy 16 (2):76-101.
    The present work aims at studying the myth of Gyges’ ring from Jean-Jacques Rousseau’s work The Reveries of a solitary Walker. Gyges’ ring is a magic artefact, allowing its bearer to be visible or invisible according to his will. The ring’s myth is portraited for the first time in the Second Book of Plato’s Republic. Thusly, our article is divided in two parts: the first one presents an analysis of the Republic observing its challenge of justice and the relation it (...)
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  5.  8
    El Comentario de Miguel de Éfeso a PA A1 en el Origen Griego de la Rama Biológica de la Tradición Aristotélica.Eduardo H. Mombello - 2022 - Journal of Ancient Philosophy 16 (2):195-252.
    In De partibus animalium A1, Aristotle presents —in a darker than usual way— decisive details of the methodology he devised for his science of nature. His indications seem to point the path along which Aristotelian biology should travel. However, numerous textual and systematic difficulties have given rise to a number of conflicting interpretations, in the context of a vigorous stream of philosophical research and debate since the last third of the last century. In this stream of studies, Michael of Ephesus’s (...)
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  6.  3
    Erôs and Intelligible Desire in Plotinus’ Enneads.Maria Kristina Papanidi - 2022 - Journal of Ancient Philosophy 16 (2):182-194.
    In Ennead III.5 On Love, Plotinus' discussion of erôs is underlined by Plato’s discourse on love in the Symposium and the Phaedrus.[1] Plotinus conceives erôs as a purified power, which directs the soul to the intelligible realm of beauty and the world of the Forms.[2] Modern scholarship considers the Plotinian erôs as an ascending power that is always directed to the higher realm of the Forms and never to the lower perceptible realm. Throughout the Enneads, the soul is described as (...)
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  7. Annotazioni Su B1,1-3 (B1,4a?) di Parmenide.Vittorio Ricci - 2022 - Journal of Ancient Philosophy 16 (2):24-75.
    The extraordinary over all textual situation of Parmenides’ B1,1-3, due to complex, variegate and polymorphous causes, entailed and still entails diverse sorts of problematic issues so to constitute a true labyrinth of philological, hermeneutical and theoretical instances interwoven each other in almost inextricable way. In this analysis, a first substantial knot of philological type resulted necessary to a preliminary discrimination for making sure the textual reconstruction in order to argue then its most literarily clarifiable and specifiable meaning. In this way (...)
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  8. Ricardo Salles (Ed.), Cosmology and Biology in Ancient Philosophy. From Thales to Avicenna, New York (N.Y.), Cambridge University Press, 2021. [REVIEW]Nélio Gilberto dos Santos - 2022 - Journal of Ancient Philosophy 16 (2):253-259.
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  9. Aristóteles, Primeiros Analíticos II, 23: Não Há Indução Completa.Tomás Troster - 2022 - Journal of Ancient Philosophy 16 (2):102-125.
    This article examines the very atypical case of epagoge in Prior Analytics II, 23, aiming to situate it in the general framework of Aristotle’s conception of induction and in his epistemology. Besides offering a translation and a detailed commentary of the chapter, I have reassembled some of the main theories that support its character of exception – as if the philosopher were defending the existence of a “complete induction” – and then I close the article by refuting such theories, supported (...)
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  10.  41
    Dioecismo y Ciudad Ideal. Acerca de la República de Platón, VII 540e4-541a1.David Xavier Lévystone - 2022 - Journal of Ancient Philosophy 16 (1):01-26.
    The radical mean suggested by Socrates in order to carry out the program of the Republic - the relegation to the fields of all inhabitants over the age of 10 - has perplexed modern commentators who have seen in it an ironical remark, a reductio ad absurdum presented in order to establish the very impossibility of Kallipolis or, on the contrary, a sign of the totalitarian and criminal character of the Platonic city. But it is far from evident, in view (...)
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  11.  29
    Contradiction, Being, and Meaning in Aristotle’s Metaphysics Gamma.Pascal Massie - 2022 - Journal of Ancient Philosophy 16 (1):27-50.
    This paper focuses on Aristotle’s discussion of PNC in Metaphysics Gamma and argues that the argument operates at three different levels: ontological, doxastic, and semantic through the invocation of three philosophical personae: the first one can only state what is otherwise unprovable, the second one can only confirm that we should trust PNC, the third one denies PNC and must be silenced. Aristotle cannot prove what is beyond proof. This situation results in a fundamental ambiguity in the figure of the (...)
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  12.  4
    Argumentos y Explicaciones En De Caelo 2.Fabián Mié & Manuel Berrón - 2022 - Journal of Ancient Philosophy 16 (1):51-87.
    The main concern of this paper is the problem of method in De Caelo, which has been recently invigorated by the supposition of Aristotle’s acceptance of two standards of justification. Whereas the φυσικῶς argument comes close to demonstrative knowledge, the εὐλόγως argument relies on more general assumptions and allegedly points towards argumentative justification. With a view to better understanding how empirical criteria for theories, teleological principles, and the resolution of difficulties are laid down to provide as much causal explanations as (...)
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  13.  6
    Proclus on the Forms as Paradigms in "Plato’s Parmenides: The Neoplatonic Response to Aristotle and Alexander of Aphrodisias’ Criticisms".Melina Mouzala - 2022 - Journal of Ancient Philosophy 16 (1):115-163.
    This paper sets out to analyze Proclus’ exegesis of Socrates’ suggestion in Parmenides 132d1-3 that Forms stand fixed as patterns, as it were, in the nature, with the other things being images and likenesses of them. Proclus’ analysis of the notion of being pattern reveals the impact of the Aristotelian conception of the form as paradigm on his views, as we can infer from Alexander of Aphrodisias’ and Simplicius’ explanation of the paradigmatic character of the Aristotelian form. Whereas Aristotle and (...)
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  14.  4
    Los Antecedentes Presocráticos de la Teoría Estoica de Conflagración.Ricardo Salles - 2022 - Journal of Ancient Philosophy 16 (1):88-114.
    In this paper, I explore the Presocratic antecedents of the Stoic theory of conflagration and argue that, even though three central theses of this theory have solid antecedents in Presocratic physics, the logical connection between them is a Stoic innovation. I label the Presocratics who hold these theses ‘Anaximandreans’ and include in this group Anaximander himself, Heraclitus and Diogenes of Apollonia, and reveal that Anaximenes, Democritus and Antiphon share with them central meteorological and cosmological assumptions.
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  15.  7
    Heraclitus on Analogy: A Critical Note.Giannis Stamatellos - 2022 - Journal of Ancient Philosophy 16 (1):208-212.
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  16.  2
    The Relation of the ‘Forms’ with the ‘Parts’ and the ‘Elements’ in Damascius the Neoplatonist: Epistemological Foundations.Christos Terezis & Lydia Petridou - 2022 - Journal of Ancient Philosophy 16 (1):164-203.
    In this study, we investigate the way in which Damascius describes the relation of the ‘forms’ with the ‘parts’ and the ‘elements’ in his treatise De Principiis, in which he utilizes aspects of the Pre-Socratic natural philosophy as well as Aristotle’s Physica. We also shed light on the epistemological terms and conditions of his analysis. From a methodological point of view, we follow the categorical schemas found in the text, which reflect the philosopher’s general positions with respect to the formation (...)
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  17.  3
    Daniel and the Control.Michael Witty - 2022 - Journal of Ancient Philosophy 16 (1):204-207.
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