BMC Medical Ethics 14 (1):51 (2013)

Abstract
In Japan, people are negative towards life-prolonging treatments. Laws that regulate withholding or discontinuing life-prolonging treatments and advance directives do not exist. Physicians, however, view discontinuing life-prolonging treatments negatively due to fears of police investigations. Although ministerial guidelines were announced regarding the decision process for end-of-life care in 2007, a consensus could not be reached on the definition of end-of-life and conditions for withholding treatment. We established a forum for extended discussions and consensus building on this topic
Keywords Life-prolonging treatment  Futility  Socratic Dialogue  Philosophical group discussion
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DOI 10.1186/1472-6939-14-51
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