Episteme 3 (3):175-191 (2006)
It is often assumed that democracies can make good use of the epistemic benefi ts of diversity among their citizenry, but difficult to show why this is the case. In a deliberative democracy, epistemically relevant diversity has three aspects: the diversity of opinions, values, and perspectives. Deliberative democrats generally argue for an epistemic form of Rawls' difference principle: that good deliberative practice ought to maximize deliberative inputs, whatever they are, so as to benefi t all deliberators, including the least eff ective. The proper maximandum of such a principle is not the pool of reasons, but rather the availability of perspectives. Th is sort of diversity makes robustness across different perspectives the proper epistemic aim of deliberative processes. Robustness also offers a measure of success for those democratic practices of inquiry based on the deliberation of all citizens.
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References found in this work BETA
Science as Social Knowledge: Values and Objectivity in Scientific Inquiry.Helen E. Longino - 1990 - Princeton University Press.
Is Science Value Free?: Values and Scientific Understanding.Hugh Lacey - 1999 - Routledge.
Citations of this work BETA
Proceduralism and the Epistemic Dilemma of Supreme Courts.Federica Liveriero & Daniele Santoro - 2017 - Social Epistemology 31 (3):310-323.
Democratic Reason, Democratic Faith, and the Problem of Expertise.Alfred Moore - 2014 - Critical Review 26 (1-2):101-114.
Deliberation, Cognitive Diversity, and Democratic Inclusiveness: An Epistemic Argument for the Random Selection of Representatives.Hélène Landemore - 2013 - Synthese 190 (7):1209-1231.
Democratic Epistemology and Democratic Morality: The Appeal and Challenges of Peircean Pragmatism.Annabelle Lever & Clayton Chin - forthcoming - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy:1-22.
Reprogramming Potentiality: The Co-Production of Stem Cell Policy and Democracy.Alessandro Blasimme, Bettina Schmietow & Giuseppe Testa - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics 13 (1):30-32.
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