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Hugh Lacey [80]Hugh M. Lacey [12]
  1.  80
    Is Science Value Free?: Values and Scientific Understanding.Hugh Lacey - 1999 - Routledge.
    He also focuses on discussions of 'development', especially in Third World countries. This paperback edition includes a new preface.
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  2. Behavior, Cognition and Theories of Choice.Hugh M. Lacey & Howard Rachlin - 1978 - Behaviorism 6 (2):177-202.
    Critics have argued that behaviorism must necessarily be inadequate to account for complex human behavior whereas cognitive psychology is adequate to account for such behavior. Recently, Fodor has focused this criticism on certain situations in which humans choose among a set of alternatives. We argue that this criticism applies to forms of behaviorism that are reductionistic but not to non-reductionistic behaviorisms like that of Skinner. Non-reductionistic behaviorism can be used to interpret human choice situations of varying degrees of complexity. Such (...)
     
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  3. Values and Objectivity in Science: The Current Controversy About Transgenic Crops.Hugh Lacey - 2005 - Lexington Books.
    This book offers an account of how values play an important role within scientific practices, and how this account illuminates many ethical issues that arise concerning scientific practices and applications.
     
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  4.  49
    Science, Respect for Nature, and Human Well-Being: Democratic Values and the Responsibilities of Scientists Today.Hugh Lacey - 2016 - Foundations of Science 21 (1):51-67.
    The central question addressed is: How should scientific research be conducted so as to ensure that nature is respected and the well being of everyone everywhere enhanced? After pointing to the importance of methodological pluralism for an acceptable answer and to obstacles posed by characterizing scientific methodology too narrowly, which are reinforced by the ‘commercial-scientific ethos’, two additional questions are considered: How might research, conducted in this way, have impact on—and depend on—strengthening democratic values and practices? And: What is thereby (...)
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  5.  4
    Behaviorism, Science, and Human Nature.Barry Schwartz & Hugh Lacey - 1986 - Behaviorism 14 (1):41-44.
  6.  58
    Rehabilitating Neutrality.Hugh Lacey - 2013 - Philosophical Studies 163 (1):77-83.
    This article responds to Janet Kourany’s proposal, in Philosophy of Science after Feminism, that scientific practices be held to the ideal of ‘socially responsible science’, to produce results that are not only cognitively sound, but also significant in the light of values ‘that can be morally justified’. Kourany also urges the development of ‘contextualized philosophy of science’—of which feminist philosophy of science is exemplary—that is ‘politically engaged’ and ‘activist’, ‘informed by analyses of the actual ways in which science interacts with (...)
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  7.  11
    Reflections on Science and Technoscience.Hugh Lacey - 2012 - Scientiae Studia 10 (SPE):103-128.
    Technoscientific research, a kind of scientific research conducted within the decontextualized approach (DA), uses advanced technology to produce instruments, experimental objects, and new objects and structures, that enable us to gain knowledge of states of affairs of novel domains, especially knowledge about new possibilities of what we can do and make, with the horizons of practical, industrial, medical or military innovation, and economic growth and competition, never far removed from view. The legitimacy of technoscientific innovations can be appraised only in (...)
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  8.  9
    The Scientific Study of Lingustic Behaviour: A Perspective on the Skinner-Chomsky Controversy.Hugh M. Lacey - 1974 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 4 (1):17–51.
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  9.  6
    ‘Holding’ and ‘Endorsing’ Claims in the Course of Scientific Activities.Hugh Lacey - 2015 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 53:89-95.
  10.  3
    Food and Agricultural Systems for the Future: Science, Emancipation and Human Flourishing.Hugh Lacey - 2015 - Journal of Critical Realism 14 (3):272-286.
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  11.  43
    On the Interplay of the Cognitive and the Social in Scientific Practices.Hugh Lacey - 2005 - Philosophy of Science 72 (5):977-988.
    I consider the questions, central to recent disagreements between Longino and Kitcher: Is it constitutive of making judgments of the cognitive acceptability of theories that they be made under certain social relations (that embody specific social values) that have been cultivated among investigators (Longino)? Or is making them (sound ones) just a consequence of social interactions that occur under these relations (Kitcher)? While generally endorsing the latter view, I make a distinction, not made by Longino, between sound acceptance and endorsement (...)
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  12.  50
    Incommensurability and “Multicultural Science”.Hugh Lacey - 2001 - In Paul Hoyningen-Huene & Howard Sankey (eds.), Incommensurability and Related Matters. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 225--239.
  13.  25
    Is There a Significant Distinction Between Cognitive and Social Values?Hugh Lacey - 2004 - In Peter K. Machamer & Gereon Wolters (eds.), Science, Values, and Objectivity. University of Pittsburgh Press. pp. 24--51.
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  14. The Gender and Science Reader.Muriel Lederman, Ingrid Barsch & Hugh Lacey - 2004 - Hypatia 19 (1):280-291.
  15.  99
    On Relations Between Science and Religion.Hugh Lacey - 1996 - Science and Education 5 (2):143-153.
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  16.  12
    Explanatory Critiques and Emancipation.Hugh Lacey - 2007 - Journal of Critical Realism 1 (1):7-31.
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  17.  37
    Assessing the Value of Transgenic Crops.Hugh Lacey - 2002 - Science and Engineering Ethics 8 (4):497-511.
    In the current controversy about the value of transgenic crops, matters open to empirical inquiry are centrally at issue. One such matter is a key premise in a common argument (that I summarize) that transgenic crops should be considered to have universal value. The premise is that there are no alternative forms of agriculture available to enable the production of sufficient food to feed the world. The proponents of agroecology challenge it, claiming that agroecology provides an alternative, and they deny (...)
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  18.  7
    Operant Psychology as Factory Psychology.Barry Schwartz, Richard Schuldenfrei & Hugh Lacey - 1978 - Behaviorism 6 (2):229-254.
    This paper attempts to draw detailed parallels between the characterization and control of behavior in terms of the principles of operant psychology and the characterization and control of behavior in the modern, factory work place. It is argued that while behavior in the workplace now seems to conform to operant principles, it did not in an earlier time, prior to the development of industrial capitalism. It is further argued that the fit between operant theory and modern work is so close (...)
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  19.  34
    The Behavioral Scientist Qua Scientist Makes Value Judgments.Hugh Lacey - 2003 - Behavior and Philosophy 31:209 - 223.
    I distinguish three matters about which decisions have to be made in scientific activities: (1) adoption of strategy; (2) acceptance of data, hypotheses, and theories; and (3) application of scientific knowledge. I argue that, contrary to the common view that only concerning (3) do values have a legitimate role, value judgments often play indispensable roles in connection with decisions concerning (1)—that certain values may not only be furthered by applications of the scientific knowledge gained under a strategy, but they may (...)
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  20.  28
    The Eagle and the Starlings: Galileo's Argument for the Autonomy of Science—How Pertinent is It Today?Hugh Lacey & Pablo R. Mariconda - 2012 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 43 (1):122-131.
  21. The Scientific Intelligibility of Absolute Space: A Study of Newtonian Argument.Hugh M. Lacey - 1970 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 21 (4):317-342.
  22.  5
    Explanatory Critique and Emancipatory Movements 11.Hugh Lacey - 2002 - Journal of Critical Realism 1 (1):7-31.
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  23.  77
    The Constitutive Values of Science.Hugh Lacey - 2010 - Principia 1 (1):3-40.
    Cognitive values are the charactenstics that are constitutive of "good" theories, the criteria to which we appeal when choosing among compeang theories. I argue that, in order to count as a cognitive value, a characteristic must be needed to expiam actually made theory choices, and its cognitive significance must be well defended espectally in view of considerations derived from the objective of science. A number of proposed objectives of science are entertained, and it is argued that adopting a particular objective (...)
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  24. Explanatory Critique.Hugh Lacey - 2007 - In Mervyn Hartwig (ed.), Dictionary of Critical Realism. Routledge.
     
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  25. Behaviorism, Intentionality and Socio-Historical Structure.Hugh Lacey & Barry Schwartz - 1986 - Behaviorism 14 (2):193-210.
     
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  26.  36
    Is There a Significant Distintion Between Cognitive and Social Values?Hugh Lacey - 2003 - Scientiae Studia 1 (2):121-149.
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  27.  66
    Values and the Conduct of Science: Principles.Hugh Lacey - 2010 - Principia 3 (1):57-86.
    In this paper I will propose six principles governing the proper role of moral and social values in the conduct of scientific uivestigation. I offer them for your consideration, and hope that together we can sharpen their formulatton, explore their implications and test their acceptability. In making my proposals I draw considerably from my recent books, Valores e Atividade Científica and Is Science Value Free? Values and Scientific Understanding The detailed argument, and elaboration of the technical notions that I use (...)
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  28.  49
    The Causal Theory of Time: A Critique of Grünbaum's Version.Hugh M. Lacey - 1968 - Philosophy of Science 35 (4):332-354.
    After precisely specifying the thesis of the causal theory of time, Grünbaum's program developed to support this thesis is examined. Four objections to his definition of temporal order in terms of a more primitive causal relation are put and held to be conclusive. Finally, the philosophical arguments that Grünbaum has proposed supporting the desirability of establishing a causal theory of time are shown to be either invalid or inconclusive.
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  29.  33
    On Cognitive and Social Values: A Reply to My Critics.Hugh Lacey - 1999 - Science and Education 8 (1):89-103.
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  30.  3
    Ciência, respeito à natureza e bem-estar humano.Hugh Lacey - 2008 - Scientiae Studia 6 (3):297-327.
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  31.  4
    Neutrality in the Social Sciences: On Bhaskar's Argument for an Essential Emancipatory Impulse in Social Science.Hugh Lacey - 1997 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 27 (2&3):213–241.
    Suppose that one accepts a theory that proposes that a certain group’s holding of a false belief is co-caused by a specified social structure. Then, Bhaskar has argued, one is rationally committed, ceteris paribus, to adopting a negative value judgment of that structure and a positive value judgment of activity directed towards removing it . Contrary to Bhaskar, I argue that any rational move from accepting a theory to value judgments is mediated either by further value judgments, or by the (...)
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  32.  22
    Interpretação e teoria nas ciências naturais e nas ciências humanas: comentários a respeito de Kuhn e Taylor.Hugh Lacey - 1997 - Trans/Form/Ação 20 (1):87-106.
    O objetivo do artigo é o de extrair dos escritos de Taylor uma crítica da concepção de Kuhn a respeito de uma possível unidade entre as ciências naturais e as ciências humanas, e dos de Kuhn uma crítica à caracterização proposta por Taylor para as ciências naturais. Deste empreendimento resulta uma reconceptualização da unidade das ciências.
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  33.  7
    Existe uma distinção relevante entre valores cognitivos e sociais?Hugh Lacey - 2003 - Scientiae Studia 1 (2):121-149.
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  34.  22
    Investigating the Environmental Risks of Transgenic Crops.Hugh Lacey - 2004 - Trans/Form/Ação 27 (1):111-131.
    Legitimation of public policies that support the widespread plantings of transgenic crops presuppose, among other conditions, that evidence supports that there are no unmanageable environmental risks and there are no better ways to produce enough nourishing food that can dispense with the transgenics-oriented ways. This paper discusses: the kinds of scientific inquiry that are needed to address adequately, the connections between investigations of and , and how these investigations are related with controversial social values.A legitimação de políticas públicas que apóiam (...)
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  35.  31
    On the Aims and Responsibilities of Science.Hugh Lacey - 2010 - Principia 11 (1):45-62.
    I offer a view of the aims and responsibilities of science, and use it to analyze critically van Fraassen’s view that ‘objectifying inquiry’ is fundamental to the nature of science.
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  36.  21
    Skinner on the Prediction and Control of Behavior.Hugh M. Lacey - 1979 - Theory and Decision 10 (1-4):353-385.
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  37.  3
    A Bit of Guidance on Doing Global Science.Hugh Lacey - 2017 - Metascience 26 (1):171-172.
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  38.  15
    O princípio de precaução e a autonomia da ciência.Hugh Lacey - 2006 - Scientiae Studia 4 (3):373-392.
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  39.  12
    On Operants and Voluntary Behavior.Hugh M. Lacey - 1975 - Ethics 85 (4):349-352.
  40.  5
    Scientific Understanding and the Control of Nature.Hugh Lacey - 1999 - Science and Education 8 (1):13-35.
  41.  13
    Quine on the Logic and Ontology of Time.Hugh M. Lacey - 1971 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 49 (1):47 – 67.
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  42. Constraints Upon Acceptable Theories: Chomsky's Analogy Between Language Acquisition and Theory Formation.Hugh Lacey - 1984 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 65 (2):166.
     
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  43.  17
    Empiricism and Augustine's Problems About Time.Hugh M. Lacey - 1968 - Review of Metaphysics 22 (2):219 - 245.
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  44.  25
    Intentional Behaviorism and the Intentional Scheme: Comments on Gordon R. Foxall's "Intentional Behaviorism".Hugh Lacey - 2007 - Behavior and Philosophy 35:101 - 111.
    This commentary discusses critically the proposal of Foxall's intentional behaviorism that, when the use of intentional categories can be justifiably portrayed as heuristic overlay to theories incorporating radical behaviorist principles, intentionality may be part of behaviorist interpretations of behavior that occurs outside of the controlled conditions of the laboratory and practical behavioral interventions. I sketch an argument that typical uses of intentional categories for the explanation of human agency (e.g., its exercise in conducting scientific research) are not properly grasped as (...)
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  45.  12
    Is Science Compatible with Religion but Not with Naturalism?Hugh Lacey - 2013 - Metascience 22 (2):423-426.
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  46.  14
    Psychological Conflict and Human Nature: The Case of Behaviourism and Cognition.Hugh M. Lacey - 1980 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 10 (3):131–156.
    A reasonable choice between Skinner's and Chomsky's theories requires reference to a conception of human nature. It is explained in detail why this is so, in the context of an analysis of what it is to ‘choose’ a theory. This account helps to explain the unity and coherence of the science, methodology, conception of science, object of scientific inquiry and views towards control of each of Skinner and Chomsky, and thereby explains the chasm which separates the parties to their respective (...)
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  47.  25
    Progress and the Values It Secretes.Hugh Lacey - 2011 - Metascience 20 (3):529-531.
    Progress and the values it secretes Content Type Journal Article Pages 1-3 DOI 10.1007/s11016-010-9519-8 Authors Hugh Lacey, Department of Philosophy, Swarthmore College, 500 College Ave, Swarthmore, PA 19081, USA Journal Metascience Online ISSN 1467-9981 Print ISSN 0815-0796.
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  48.  16
    Review: The Significance of Decision Theory. [REVIEW]Hugh Lacey - 1990 - Behavior and Philosophy 18 (2):73 - 78.
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  49.  8
    Investigando os riscos ambientais das sementes transgênicas.Hugh Lacey - 2011 - Trans/Form/Ação 27 (1).
    A legitimação de políticas públicas que apóiam o cultivo de lavouras transgênicas em larga escala pressupõe, entre outras condições, (1) que os dados empíricos garantem não haver riscos ambientais não-administráveis e, (2) a não-existência de modos melhores de produzir alimentos sem a utilização de técnicas transgênicas. O artigo discute: (a) Os tipos de investigação científica necessários para um exame adequado da condição (1), (b) como as investigações sobre (1) e (2) se relacionam entre si, e (c) como tais investigações se (...)
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  50. The Rationality of Science.Hugh Lacey - 1986 - In Joseph Margolis, Michael Krausz & Richard M. Burian (eds.), Rationality, Relativism, and the Human Sciences. M. Nijhoff. pp. 127--149.
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