Probabilistic arguments for multiple universes

Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 88 (3):288–307 (2007)
Abstract
In this paper, we discuss three probabilistic arguments for the existence of multiple universes. First, we provide an analysis of total evidence and use that analysis to defend Roger White's "this universe" objection to a standard fine-tuning argument for multiple universes. Second, we explain why Rodney Holder's recent cosmological argument for multiple universes is unconvincing. Third, we develop a "Cartesian argument" for multiple universes. While this argument is not open to the objections previously noted, we show that, given certain highly plausible assumptions about evidence and epistemic probability, the proposition which it treats as evidence cannot coherently be regarded as evidence for anything. This raises the question of whether to reject the assumptions or accept that such a proposition cannot be evidence.
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DOI 10.1111/j.1468-0114.2007.00293.x
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References found in this work BETA
Theory and Evidence.Clark Glymour - 1980 - Princeton University Press.
The Existence of God.Richard Swinburne - 2004 - Oxford University Press.
Probability and Evidence.Paul Horwich - 1982 - Cambridge University Press.
Likelihood.A. W. F. Edwards - 1972 - Cambridge University Press.
Fine-Tuning and Multiple Universes.Roger White - 2000 - Noûs 34 (2):260–276.

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Citations of this work BETA
Reply to Parsons, Reply to Heller, and Reply to Rea. [REVIEW]Hud Hudson - 2008 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 76 (2):452-470.

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Multiple Universes and Observation Selection Effects.Darren Bradley - 2009 - American Philosophical Quarterly 46 (1):72.
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