Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 29 (6):717 – 738 (2004)

Abstract
There is considerable confusion regarding the ethical appropriateness of using incentives in research with human subjects. Previous work on determining whether incentives are unethical considers them as a form of undue influence or coercive offer. We understand the ethical issue of undue influence as an issue, not of coercion, but of corruption of judgment. By doing so we find that, for the most part, the use of incentives to recruit and retain research subjects is innocuous. But there are some instances where it is not. Specifically, incentives become problematic when conjoined with the following factors, singly or in combination with one another: where the subject is in a dependency relationship with the researcher, where the risks are particularly high, where the research is degrading, where the participant will only consent if the incentive is relatively large because the participant's aversion to the study is strong, and where the aversion is a principled one. The factors we have identified and the kinds of judgments they require differ substantially from those considered crucial in most previous discussions of the ethics of employing incentives in research with human subjects.
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1080/03605310490883046
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 64,132
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Undue Inducement: Nonsense on Stilts?Ezekiel J. Emanuel - 2005 - American Journal of Bioethics 5 (5):9-13.
The Continued Complexities of Paying Research Participants.Christine Grady - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (9):5-7.

View all 29 citations / Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Monetary Incentives, What Are They Good For?Daniel Read - 2005 - Journal of Economic Methodology 12 (2):265-276.
Responsible Conduct of Research.Adil E. Shamoo - 2009 - Oxford University Press.
CEO Incentives and Corporate Social Performance.Jean McGuire, Sandra Dow & Kamal Argheyd - 2003 - Journal of Business Ethics 45 (4):341 - 359.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2009-01-28

Total views
48 ( #224,370 of 2,454,728 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
2 ( #303,745 of 2,454,728 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes