Ethics in human subjects research: Do incentives matter?

Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 29 (6):717 – 738 (2004)
Abstract
There is considerable confusion regarding the ethical appropriateness of using incentives in research with human subjects. Previous work on determining whether incentives are unethical considers them as a form of undue influence or coercive offer. We understand the ethical issue of undue influence as an issue, not of coercion, but of corruption of judgment. By doing so we find that, for the most part, the use of incentives to recruit and retain research subjects is innocuous. But there are some instances where it is not. Specifically, incentives become problematic when conjoined with the following factors, singly or in combination with one another: where the subject is in a dependency relationship with the researcher, where the risks are particularly high, where the research is degrading, where the participant will only consent if the incentive is relatively large because the participant's aversion to the study is strong, and where the aversion is a principled one. The factors we have identified and the kinds of judgments they require differ substantially from those considered crucial in most previous discussions of the ethics of employing incentives in research with human subjects.
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1080/03605310490883046
Options
 Save to my reading list
Follow the author(s)
My bibliography
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Revision history
Request removal from index
Download options
Our Archive


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 28,182
Through your library
References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA
Undue Inducement: Nonsense on Stilts?Ezekiel J. Emanuel - 2005 - American Journal of Bioethics 5 (5):9-13.

View all 12 citations / Add more citations

Similar books and articles
Monetary Incentives, What Are They Good For?Daniel Read - 2005 - Journal of Economic Methodology 12 (2):265-276.
Responsible Conduct of Research.Adil E. Shamoo - 2009 - Oxford University Press.
CEO Incentives and Corporate Social Performance.Jean McGuire, Sandra Dow & Kamal Argheyd - 2003 - Journal of Business Ethics 45 (4):341 - 359.

Monthly downloads

Added to index

2009-01-28

Total downloads

30 ( #171,812 of 2,172,025 )

Recent downloads (6 months)

1 ( #325,967 of 2,172,025 )

How can I increase my downloads?

My notes
Sign in to use this feature


Discussion
Order:
There  are no threads in this forum
Nothing in this forum yet.

Other forums