Belief-that and Belief-in: Which Reductive Analysis?

In Alex Gzrankowski & Michelle Montague (eds.), Non-Propositional Intentionality. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 192-213 (2018)
  Copy   BIBTEX


Let propositionalism be the thesis that all mental attitudes are propositional. Anti-propositionalists typically point at apparently non-propositional attitudes, such as fearing a dog and loving a spouse, and play defense against attempts at propositional analysis of such attitudes. Here I explore the anti-propositionalist’s prospects for going on the offensive, trying to show that some apparently propositional attitudes, notably belief and judgment, can be given non-propositional analysis. Although the notion that belief is a non-propositional attitude may seem ludicrous at first, it is admirably defended by Franz Brentano, whose analysis I propose to expound, update, and deepen here. The basic strategy can be thought of as follows. First, although the grammar of belief-that reports clearly suggests a propositional attitude, the grammar of belief-in reports suggests instead an ‘objectual’ attitude. Second, with some ingenuity all belief-that reports can be paraphrased into belief-in reports. Third, given certain general considerations, this paraphraseability recommends the view that the psychological reality of belief states is objectual rather than propositional. Nonetheless, I will argue, there are two very real costs associated with this non-propositional analysis of belie.



External links

  • This entry has no external links. Add one.
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

Against propositionalism.Michelle Montague - 2007 - Noûs 41 (3):503–518.
Brentano’s Ontology: From Conceptualism to Reism.Arkadiusz Chrudzimski & Barry Smith - 2004 - In Dale Jacquette (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Brentano. Cambridge University Press. pp. 197-220.
The Philosophy of Brentano.Linda L. McAlister (ed.) - 1976 - Atlantic Highlands, N.J.: Humanities Press.
Die einheit der intentionalitätskonzeption bei Brentano.Werner Sauer - 2006 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 73 (1):1-26.
Brentano and Aesthetic Intentions.Lynn Pasquerella - 1992 - Brentano Studien 4:235-249.
Not All Attitudes are Propositional.Alex Grzankowski - 2012 - European Journal of Philosophy (3):374-391.
Dual systems and dual attitudes.Keith Frankish - 2012 - Mind and Society 11 (1):41-51.
Brentano on inner consciousness.Mark Textor - 2006 - Dialectica 60 (4):411-432.
The phenomenology of propositional attitudes.Sørenarnow H. Klausen - 2008 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 7 (4).
Brentano's Late Ontology.Arkadiusz Chrudzimski - 2002 - Brentano Studien 10:221-236.


Added to PP

1,310 (#7,533)

6 months
82 (#46,071)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

Author's Profile

Uriah Kriegel
Rice University

Citations of this work

The Two Faces of Mental Imagery.Margherita Arcangeli - 2019 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 101 (2):304-322.
Suppose We Know Things.Matt Duncan - 2023 - Episteme 20 (2):308-323.

Add more citations

References found in this work

On Denoting.Bertrand Russell - 1905 - Mind 14 (56):479-493.
On Denoting.Bertrand Russell - 2005 - Mind 114 (456):873 - 887.
The Language of Thought.J. A. Fodor - 1978 - Critica 10 (28):140-143.
The nature and structure of content.Jeffrey C. King - 2007 - New York: Oxford University Press.

View all 28 references / Add more references