The Origin of Speciesism

Philosophy 71 (275):41- (1996)
Abstract
Anti-vivisectionists charge that animal experimenters are speciesists people who unjustly discriminate against members of other species. Until recently most defenders of experimentation denied the charge. After the publication of `The Case for the Use of Animals in Biomedical Research' in the New England Journal of Medicine , experimenters had a more aggressive reply: `I am a speciesist. Speciesism is not merely plausible, it is essential for right conduct...'1. Most researchers now embrace Cohen's response as part of their defense of animal experimentation. Cohen asserts that both rights and utilitarian arguments against the use of animals in research fail because they `refuse to recognize the moral differences among species'.2 If we appreciate the profound differences between humans and non-human animals, he says, we would understand why animals do not and could not have rights and why animal pain does not have as much moral weight as human pain. Animal liberationists think speciesism is immoral because they mistakenly equate it with racism and sexism. Cohen claims this equation is `unsound', `atrocious', `utterly specious', and `morally offensive'. Doubtless Cohen is right that the charge of speciesism is founded on an analogy with racism and sexism. He is mistaken, however, in asserting that the comparison is categorically illicit.
Keywords No keywords specified (fix it)
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1017/S0031819100053250
Options
 Save to my reading list
Follow the author(s)
My bibliography
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Revision history
Request removal from index
Download options
Our Archive


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 26,146
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library
References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA
Care Ethics and Animal Welfare.Daniel Engster - 2006 - Journal of Social Philosophy 37 (4):521–536.
What is Speciesism?Oscar Horta - 2010 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 23 (3):243-266.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles
A Rational Defense of Animal Experimentation.Nathan Nobis - 2007 - Journal of Philosophical Research 32 (Supplement):49-62.
Is Speciesism Opposed to Liberationism?Tzachi Zamir - 2006 - Philosophia 34 (4):465-475.
What is Speciesism?Oscar Horta - 2010 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 23 (3):243-266.
The Relevance of Speciesism to Life Sciences Practices.Roger Wertheimer - 2007 - In Fred Adams (ed.), Journal of Philosophical Research. Philosophy Document Center. pp. 27-38.
Util-Izing Animals.Hugh LaFollette & Niall Shanks - 1995 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 12 (1):13-25.
A Compassionate Autonomy Alternative to Speciesism.Constance K. Perry - 2001 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 22 (3):237-246.

Monthly downloads

Added to index

2009-04-06

Total downloads

88 ( #57,075 of 2,151,990 )

Recent downloads (6 months)

5 ( #162,637 of 2,151,990 )

How can I increase my downloads?

My notes
Sign in to use this feature


Discussion
Order:
There  are no threads in this forum
Nothing in this forum yet.

Other forums