Philosophy and Theology 18 (1):143-167 (2006)

Authors
Eric D. Perl
Loyola Marymount University
Abstract
The distinction between persons and things reflects the opposition between reason and nature that is characteristic of modern thought: persons are constituted by rationality, self-consciousness, free will, and moral agency; things are taken to be merely natural or material beings, devoid of reason and the products of entirely mechanistic forces. Persons, as ends in themselves, alone deserve moral consideration; things (including all plants and animals) deserve no moral consideration. Accordingly in much modern thought, nature, including the human body, becomes a mere object to be manipulated for human use. This paper challenges this narrowly anthropocentric idea by outlining a view, grounded in classical philosophical and Christian thought, called the “analogy of personhood.” This view offers a hierarchical but non-dichotomous approach to reality that rejects any radical opposition between reason and nature. The philosophical basis of this approach is developed as found in Aristotle, Plotinus, Proclus, and finally, the Christian Neoplatonist Pseudo-Dionysius
Keywords Catholic Tradition  Philosophy and Religion
Categories (categorize this paper)
ISBN(s) 0890-2461
DOI 10.5840/philtheol20061817
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 63,194
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Persons, Signs, Animals: A Peircean Account of Personhood.Robert Lane - 2009 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 45 (1):pp. 1-26.
The Failure of Theories of Personhood.Tom L. Beauchamp - 1999 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 9 (4):309-324.
Personhood and Animals.Elisa Aaltola - 2008 - Environmental Ethics 30 (2):175-193.
Moral Agency, Self-Consciousness, and Practical Wisdom.Shaun Gallagher - 2007 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 14 (5-6):199-223.
Persons, Punishment, and Free Will Skepticism.Benjamin Vilhauer - 2013 - Philosophical Studies 162 (2):143-163.
The Inaugural Address: Other Minds, Rationality and Analogy.Jane Heal - 2000 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 74 (1):1–19.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2009-01-28

Total views
66 ( #161,656 of 2,448,310 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
2 ( #304,685 of 2,448,310 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes