Brain-Dead Patients are not Cadavers: The Need to Revise the Definition of Death in Muslim Communities [Book Review]
HEC Forum 25 (1):25-45 (2013)
The utilitarian construct of two alternative criteria of human death increases the supply of transplantable organs at the end of life. Neither the neurological criterion (heart-beating donation) nor the circulatory criterion (non-heart-beating donation) is grounded in scientific evidence but based on philosophical reasoning. A utilitarian death definition can have unintended consequences for dying Muslim patients: (1) the expedited process of determining death for retrieval of transplantable organs can lead to diagnostic errors, (2) the equivalence of brain death with human death may be incorrect, and (3) end-of-life religious values and traditional rituals may be sacrificed. Therefore, it is imperative to reevaluate the two different types and criteria of death introduced by the Resolution (Fatwa) of the Council of Islamic Jurisprudence on Resuscitation Apparatus in 1986. Although we recognize that this Fatwa was based on best scientific evidence available at that time, more recent evidence shows that it rests on outdated knowledge and understanding of the phenomenon of human death. We recommend redefining death in Islam to reaffirm the singularity of this biological phenomenon as revealed in the Quran 14 centuries ago
|Keywords||Brain death Cardiac death End-of-life care Intensive care Islam Legal death Organ donation Muslim communities|
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References found in this work BETA
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Donation After Circulatory Death: Burying the Dead Donor Rule.David Rodríguez-Arias, Maxwell J. Smith & Neil M. Lazar - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (8):36-43.
How the Distinction Between "Irreversible" and "Permanent" Illuminates Circulatory-Respiratory Death Determination.J. L. Bernat - 2010 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 35 (3):242-255.
Citations of this work BETA
The Determination of Quality of Life and Medical Futility in Disorders of Consciousness: Reinterpreting the Moral Code of Islam.Mohamed Y. Rady & Joseph L. Verheijde - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (1):14-16.
The Moral Code in Islam and Organ Donation in Western Countries: Reinterpreting Religious Scriptures to Meet Utilitarian Medical Objectives.Mohamed Y. Rady & Joseph L. Verheijde - 2014 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 9 (1):11.
Islamic Perspectives on Clinical Intervention Near the End-of-Life: We Can but Must We?Aasim I. Padela & Omar Qureshi - forthcoming - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy.
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