From machine ethics to computational ethics

AI and Society 36 (1):263-276 (2021)
  Copy   BIBTEX


Research into the ethics of artificial intelligence is often categorized into two subareas—robot ethics and machine ethics. Many of the definitions and classifications of the subject matter of these subfields, as found in the literature, are conflated, which I seek to rectify. In this essay, I infer that using the term ‘machine ethics’ is too broad and glosses over issues that the term computational ethics best describes. I show that the subject of inquiry of computational ethics is of great value and indeed is an important frontier in developing ethical artificial intelligence systems. I also show that computational is a distinct, often neglected field in the ethics of AI. In contrast to much of the literature, I argue that the appellation ‘machine ethics’ does not sufficiently capture the entire project of embedding ethics into AI/S, and hence the need for computational ethics. This essay is unique for two reasons; first, it offers a philosophical analysis of the subject of computational ethics that is not found in the literature. Second, it offers a finely grained analysis that shows the thematic distinction among robot ethics, machine ethics and computational ethics.



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 91,252

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

There is no 'I' in 'Robot': Robots and Utilitarianism (expanded & revised).Christopher Grau - 2011 - In Susan Anderson & Michael Anderson (eds.), Machine Ethics. Cambridge University Press. pp. 451.
Automated Influence and the Challenge of Cognitive Security.Sarah Rajtmajer & Daniel Susser - forthcoming - HoTSoS: ACM Symposium on Hot Topics in the Science of Security.
Incremental Machine Ethics.Thomas M. Powers - 2011 - IEEE Robotics and Automation 18 (1):51-58.
Robots and Moral Agency.Linda Johansson - 2011 - Dissertation, Stockholm University


Added to PP

72 (#221,305)

6 months
12 (#183,686)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?

Author's Profile

Samuel T. Segun
University of Johannesburg

Citations of this work

Critically engaging the ethics of AI for a global audience.Samuel T. Segun - 2021 - Ethics and Information Technology 23 (2):99-105.

Add more citations