Results for 'Monica Beltrametti'

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  1. AI4People—an Ethical Framework for a Good AI Society: Opportunities, Risks, Principles, and Recommendations.Luciano Floridi, Josh Cowls, Monica Beltrametti, Raja Chatila, Patrice Chazerand, Virginia Dignum, Christoph Luetge, Robert Madelin, Ugo Pagallo, Francesca Rossi, Burkhard Schafer, Peggy Valcke & Effy Vayena - 2018 - Minds and Machines 28 (4):689-707.
    This article reports the findings of AI4People, an Atomium—EISMD initiative designed to lay the foundations for a “Good AI Society”. We introduce the core opportunities and risks of AI for society; present a synthesis of five ethical principles that should undergird its development and adoption; and offer 20 concrete recommendations—to assess, to develop, to incentivise, and to support good AI—which in some cases may be undertaken directly by national or supranational policy makers, while in others may be led by other (...)
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  2.  74
    Do Perceptions of Ethical Conduct Matter During Organizational Change? Ethical Leadership and Employee Involvement.Monica M. Sharif & Terri A. Scandura - 2014 - Journal of Business Ethics 124 (2):1-12.
    Ethical leadership matters in the context of organizational change due to the need for followers to trust the integrity of their leaders. Yet, there have been no studies investigating ethical leadership and organizational change. To fill this gap, we introduce a model of the moderating role of involvement in change. Organizational change and involvement in change are proposed as context-level moderators in the relationships of ethical leadership and work-related attitudes and performance. We employ a sample of 199 supervisor–subordinate pairs from (...)
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  3.  19
    Deciding When a Life is Not Worth Living: An_ _imperative to Measure What Matters.Monica E. Lemmon - 2020 - Journal of Medical Ethics 46 (1):18-19.
    As a neonatal neurologist, I serve families facing tragic decisions in which they must balance trade-offs between death and life with profound disability. I often find myself in complex discussions about future outcome, in which families sort through in real-time what information they value most in making such a choice. Will he laugh? Will he be in pain? Will he know how much he’s loved? In this month’s feature article, Brick et al share the results of an online survey aimed (...)
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  4.  13
    Institutional Dynamics and Organizations Affecting the Adoption of Sustainable Development in the United Kingdom and Brazil.Mônica Cavalcanti Sá de Abreu, Larissa Teixeira da Cunha & Claire Y. Barlow - 2015 - Business Ethics: A European Review 24 (1):73-90.
    This paper provides an exploratory comparative assessment of the institutional pressures influencing corporate social responsibility in a developed country, UK, vs. a developing country, Brazil, based on a survey of different actors. Information on sustainability concerns, organizational strategies and mechanisms of pressure was collected through interviews with environmental regulatory agencies, financial institutions, media and non-governmental organizations. Our results confirm that the more advanced awareness and CSR responsiveness in the UK is a consequence of a predominance of coercive and normative forces (...)
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  5.  9
    Folk Theories of Algorithmic Recommendations on Spotify: Enacting Data Assemblages in the Global South.Mónica Sancho, Ricardo Solís, Andrés Segura-Castillo & Ignacio Siles - 2020 - Big Data and Society 7 (1).
    This paper examines folk theories of algorithmic recommendations on Spotify in order to make visible the cultural specificities of data assemblages in the global South. The study was conducted in Costa Rica and draws on triangulated data from 30 interviews, 4 focus groups with 22 users, and the study of “rich pictures” made by individuals to graphically represent their understanding of algorithmic recommendations. We found two main folk theories: one that personifies Spotify and another one that envisions it as a (...)
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  6.  21
    Culture: Copying, Compression, and Conventionality.Mónica Tamariz & Simon Kirby - 2015 - Cognitive Science 39 (1):171-183.
    Through cultural transmission, repeated learning by new individuals transforms cultural information, which tends to become increasingly compressible . Existing diffusion chain studies include in their design two processes that could be responsible for this tendency: learning and reproducing . This paper manipulates the presence of learning in a simple iterated drawing design experiment. We find that learning seems to be the causal factor behind the increase in compressibility observed in the transmitted information, while reproducing is a source of random heritable (...)
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  7.  29
    The Interactive Origin of Iconicity.Mónica Tamariz, Seán G. Roberts, J. Isidro Martínez & Julio Santiago - 2018 - Cognitive Science 42 (1):334-349.
    We investigate the emergence of iconicity, specifically a bouba-kiki effect in miniature artificial languages under different functional constraints: when the languages are reproduced and when they are used communicatively. We ran transmission chains of participant dyads who played an interactive communicative game and individual participants who played a matched learning game. An analysis of the languages over six generations in an iterated learning experiment revealed that in the Communication condition, but not in the Reproduction condition, words for spiky shapes tend (...)
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  8. Current Issues in Quantum Logic.Enrico G. Beltrametti & Bas C. Van Fraassen - 1981 - Springer.
    These are the proceedings of the Workshop on Quantum Logic held in Erice, December 2 - 9, 1979, at the Ettore Hajorana Centre for Scientific Culture. A conference of this sort was originally proposed by Giuliano Toraldo di Francia, who suggested the idea to Antonino Zichichi, and thus laid the foundation for the Workshop. To both of them we express our appreciation and thanks, also on behalf of the other participants, for having made this conference possible. There were approximately fifty (...)
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  9.  30
    Strategies in Syllogistic Reasoning.Monica Bucciarelli & P. N. Johnson-Laird - 1999 - Cognitive Science 23 (3):247-303.
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  10.  12
    The Ethics of Blockchain in Organizations.Monica M. Sharif & Farshad Ghodoosi - 2022 - Journal of Business Ethics 178 (4):1009-1025.
    Blockchain is an open digital ledger technology that has the capability of significantly altering the way that people operations operate in organizations. This research takes a first step in proposing several ways in which the blockchain technology can be used to improve current organizational practices, while also considering the ethical implications. Specifically, the paper examines the role that blockchain technology plays in three primary areas of people operations: entry to the organization, intraorganizational processes, and exit. In each section, the paper (...)
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  11.  8
    Should Rare Diseases Get Special Treatment?Monica Magalhaes - 2022 - Journal of Medical Ethics 48 (2):86-92.
    Orphan drug policy often gives ‘special treatment’ to rare diseases, by giving additional priority or making exceptions to specific drugs, based on the rarity of the conditions they aim to treat. This essay argues that the goal of orphan drug policy should be to make prevalence irrelevant to funding decisions. It aims to demonstrate that it is severity, not prevalence, which drives our judgments that important claims are being overlooked when treatments for severe rare diseases are not funded. It shows (...)
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  12.  34
    Compression and Communication in the Cultural Evolution of Linguistic Structure.Simon Kirby, Monica Tamariz, Hannah Cornish & Kenny Smith - 2015 - Cognition 141 (C):87-102.
  13. Climate Change and Structural Emissions: Moral Obligations at the Individual Level.Monica Aufrecht - 2011 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 25 (2):201-213.
    Given that mitigating climate change is a large-scale global issue, what obligations do individuals have to lower their personal carbon emissions? I survey recent suggestions by Walter Sinnott-Armstrong and Dale Jamieson and offer models for thinking about their respective approaches. I then present a third model based on the notion of structural violence. While the three models are not mutually incompatible, each one suggests a different focus for mitigating climate change. In the end, I agree with Sinnott-Armstrong that people have (...)
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  14.  54
    Remarks on Two-Slit Probabilities.E. G. Beltrametti & S. Bugajski - 2000 - Foundations of Physics 30 (9):1415-1429.
    The probability pattern emerging in two-slit experiments is a typical quantum feature whose essential ingredients are examined by translating them into the spin- $ \frac{1}{2} $ formalism. In view of the existence of extensions of quantum theory preserving some classical structure, we discuss how the two-slit probabilities behave under such extensions. We consider a generalization of the standard classical probability theory, to be called operational probability theory, that turns out to host the so called quantum probabilities.
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  15.  13
    Superstability and Symmetry.Monica M. VanDieren - 2016 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 167 (12):1171-1183.
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  16.  7
    Cognitive and Pragmatic Factors in Language Production: Evidence From Source-Goal Motion Events.Monica L. Do, Anna Papafragou & John Trueswell - 2020 - Cognition 205 (C):104447.
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  17.  28
    Gratitude: Prompting Behaviours That Build Relationships.Monica Y. Bartlett, Paul Condon, Jourdan Cruz, Jolie Baumann & David Desteno - 2012 - Cognition and Emotion 26 (1):2-13.
  18. On Bell-Type Inequalities.Enrico G. Beltrametti & Maciej J. Maczynski - 1994 - Foundations of Physics 24 (8):1153-1159.
    A Bell-type inequality is defined as an inequality of the type 0⩽L⩽1,where L is a linear combination with real coefficients of probabilities p i and joint probabilities p ij ,p ijk ,...,p l ,...,n corresponding to n events. A general theorem on the validity of such inequalities in correspondence to physical assumptions about commutativity or noncommutativity is given. Examples and possible physical applications are discussed.
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  19.  16
    Identity, Family, Relationships Among Groups and Socioeducational Disadvantage as Factors of School Failure: A Cross-Sectional Study in A Group of Junior High School Students of The Sicilian Hinterland.Monica Pellerone, Tiziana Ramaci & Sandra MiccichÈ - 2018 - World Futures 74 (5):321-342.
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  20.  2
    Moral Decision-Making, Stress, and Social Cognition in Frontline Workers Vs. Population Groups During the COVID-19 Pandemic: An Explorative Study.Monica Mazza, Margherita Attanasio, Maria Chiara Pino, Francesco Masedu, Sergio Tiberti, Michela Sarlo & Marco Valenti - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  21.  47
    Gadamer's Ethics of Play: Hermeneutics and the Other.Monica Vilhauer - 2010 - Lexington Books.
    Gadamer's Ethics of Play examines the ethical dimensions of understanding by focusing on the concept of dialogical "play" in Hans-Georg Gadamer's Truth and Method. The book is accessible to an undergraduate audience, while also being relevant to ongoing debates among Gadamer scholars.
  22.  8
    Masking Emotions: Face Masks Impair How We Read Emotions.Monica Gori, Lucia Schiatti & Maria Bianca Amadeo - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    To date, COVID-19 has spread across the world, changing our way of life and forcing us to wear face masks. This report demonstrates that face masks influence the human ability to infer emotions by observing facial configurations. Specifically, a mask obstructing a face limits the ability of people of all ages to infer emotions expressed by facial features, but the difficulties associated with the mask’s use are significantly pronounced in children aged between 3 and 5 years old. These findings are (...)
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  23.  5
    Los conocimientos tradicionales en el ejercicio de la soberanía y seguridad alimentaria de las comunidades rurales, indígenas y campesinas, una alternativa para la sustentabilidad comunitaria.Mónica Patricia Melo Herrera & Rubinsten Hernández Barbosa - 2021 - Odeere 6 (2):07-15.
    En el texto se exponen algunas reflexiones sobre la importancia que tiene el rescatar los conocimientos tradicionales de las comunidades rurales, indígenas y campesinas sobre las prácticas agrícolas y alimenticias como recurso y mecanismo para favorecer la seguridad alimnetaria y de esta manera la sustentabilidad comunitaria. Se parte de una revisión bibliográfica sobre el tema, y se exponen casos específicos, como ejemplo, donde la experiencia se ha convertido en una oportunidad de algunas comunidades para hacer valer sus derechos de manejo (...)
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  24.  94
    Quantum Mechanics and Operational Probability Theory.E. G. Beltrametti & S. Bugajski - 2002 - Foundations of Science 7 (1-2):197-212.
    We discuss a generalization of the standard notion of probability space and show that the emerging framework, to be called operational probability theory, can be considered as underlying quantal theories. The proposed framework makes special reference to the convex structure of states and to a family of observables which is wider than the familiar set of random variables: it appears as an alternative to the known algebraic approach to quantum probability.
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  25.  9
    Emerging Diseases, Re‐Emerging Histories.Monica H. Green - 2020 - Centaurus 62 (2):234-247.
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  26.  5
    Categoricity in Abstract Elementary Classes with No Maximal Models.Monica VanDieren - 2006 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 141 (1):108-147.
    The results in this paper are in a context of abstract elementary classes identified by Shelah and Villaveces in which the amalgamation property is not assumed. The long-term goal is to solve Shelah’s Categoricity Conjecture in this context. Here we tackle a problem of Shelah and Villaveces by proving that in their context, the uniqueness of limit models follows from categoricity under the assumption that the subclass of amalgamation bases is closed under unions of bounded, -increasing chains.
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  27. Employee Social Network Strategies: Implications for Firm Strategies and Performance in Future Organizations.Monica Thiel - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Employee social network strategies play a key role in firm strategies and organizational performance. Currently, scholars underestimate the contributions of employee social strategies in firm strategies. Little is known how informal employee social networks, group entitativity and competition could shape and direct firm strategies and organizational performance. The article examines social network theory and strategic management’s content, process and open schools of thought to propose a new interpretation for managing firm strategies. More specifically, the author examines alternate causal paths, underlying (...)
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  28.  31
    Quantum Mechanics Andp-Adic Numbers.E. G. Beltrametti & G. Cassinelli - 1972 - Foundations of Physics 2 (1):1-7.
    We study the possibility of representing the proposition lattice associated with a quantum system by a linear vector space with coefficients from ap-adic field. We find inconsistencies if the lattice is assumed, as usual, to be irreducible, complete, orthocomplemented, atomic, and weakly modular.
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  29.  43
    On State Transformations Induced by Yes-No Experiments, in the Context of Quantum Logic.E. G. Beltrametti & G. Cassinelli - 1977 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 6 (1):369 - 379.
  30.  63
    Fairly Prioritizing Groups for Access to COVID-19 Vaccines.Govind Persad, Monica E. Peek & Ezekiel J. Emanuel - 2020 - JAMA 1 (16).
    Initial vaccine allocations for the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) will be limited. It is crucial to assess the ethical values associated with different methods of allocation, as well as important scientific and practical questions. This Viewpoint identifies three ethical values, benefiting people and limiting harm; prioritizing disadvantaged populations; and equal concern for all. It then explains why these values support prioritizing three groups: health care workers; other essential workers and people in high-transmission settings; and people with medical vulnerabilities associated with (...)
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  31.  25
    Ethical and Social Challenges with Developing Automated Methods to Detect and Warn Potential Victims of Mass-Marketing Fraud.Monica T. Whitty, Michael Edwards, M. Levi, C. Peersman, A. Rashid, A. Sasse, Tom Sorell & G. Stringhini - unknown
    Mass-marketing frauds are on the increase. Given the amount of monies lost and the psychological impact of MMFs there is an urgent need to develop new and effective methods to prevent more of these crimes. This paper reports the early planning of automated methods our interdisciplinary team are developing to prevent and detect MMF. Importantly, the paper presents the ethical and social constraints involved in such a model and suggests concerns others might also consider when developing automated systems.
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  32.  4
    Persistence of EEG Alpha Entrainment Depends on Stimulus Phase at Offset.Mónica Otero, Pavel Prado-Gutiérrez, Alejandro Weinstein, María-José Escobar & Wael El-Deredy - 2020 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
  33.  16
    Neural Correlates of Verbal Working Memory: An fMRI Meta-Analysis.Mónica Emch, Claudia C. von Bastian & Kathrin Koch - 2019 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 13.
  34.  17
    In Defense of Nudging When the Stakes Are High.Monica E. Lemmon & Peter A. Ubel - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (5):62-63.
    Volume 19, Issue 5, May 2019, Page 62-63.
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  35.  33
    Green Companies or Green Con‐Panies: Are Companies Really Green, or Are They Pretending to Be?Monica Saha & Geoffrey Darnton - 2005 - Business and Society Review 110 (2):117-157.
  36.  30
    On the Vitality of Vitalism.Monica Greco - 2005 - Theory, Culture and Society 22 (1):15-27.
    The term ‘vitalism’ is most readily associated with a series of debates among 18th- and 19th-century biologists, and broadly with the claim that the explanation of living phenomena is not compatible with, or is not exhausted by, the principles of basic sciences like physics and chemistry. Scientists and philosophers have continued to address vitalism - mostly in order to reject it - well into the second half of the 20th century, in connection with classic concepts such as mechanism, reductionism, emergence, (...)
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  37.  23
    The Nature of Silence and Its Democratic Possibilities.Mónica Brito Vieira, Theo Jung, Sean W. D. Gray & Toby Rollo - 2019 - Contemporary Political Theory 18 (3):424-447.
  38.  20
    Green Companies or Green Con-Panies: Are Companies Really Green, or Are They Pretending to Be?Monica Saha & Geoffrey Darnton - 2005 - Business and Society Review 110 (2):117-157.
  39.  8
    Growing Pains: Small-Scale Farmer Responses to an Urban Rooftop Farming and Online Marketplace Enterprise in Montréal, Canada.Monica Allaby, Graham K. MacDonald & Sarah Turner - 2020 - Agriculture and Human Values 38 (3):677-692.
    There is growing interest in the role of new urban agriculture models to increase local food production capacity in cities of the Global North. Urban rooftop greenhouses and hydroponics are examples of such models receiving increasing attention as a technological approach to year-round local food production in cities. Yet, little research has addressed the unintended consequences of new modes of urban farming and food distribution, such as increased competition with existing peri-urban and rural farmers. We examine how small-scale farmers perceive (...)
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  40.  5
    Kjærlighet Og Respekt.Monica Roland - 2021 - Norsk Filosofisk Tidsskrift 56 (1):7-18.
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  41.  85
    Why Robots Will Have Emotions.Aaron Sloman & Monica Croucher - 1981
    Emotions involve complex processes produced by interactions between motives, beliefs, percepts, etc. E.g. real or imagined fulfilment or violation of a motive, or triggering of a 'motive-generator', can disturb processes produced by other motives. To understand emotions, therefore, we need to understand motives and the types of processes they can produce. This leads to a study of the global architecture of a mind. Some constraints on the evolution of minds are disussed. Types of motives and the processes they generate are (...)
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  42.  15
    Simmel’s Law of the Individual and the Ethics of the Relational Self.Monica Lee & Daniel Silver - 2012 - Theory, Culture and Society 29 (7-8):124-145.
    Georg Simmel’s final work, The View of Life, concludes his lifelong engagement with Immanuel Kant by ‘inverting’ Kant’s Categorical Imperative to produce an ethics of authentic individuality. While Kant’s moral imperative is universal to all individuals but particular to their discrete acts, Simmel’s Law of the Individual is particular to each individual but universal to all the individual’s acts. We assess the significance of Simmel’s formulation of the Law of the Individual in three steps: First, as an articulation of an (...)
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  43. Self-Consciousness and the Body.Monica Meijsing - 2000 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 7 (6):34-50.
    Traditionally, what we are conscious of in self-consciousness is something non-corporeal. But anti-Cartesian philosophers argue that the self is as much corporeal as it is mental. Because we have the sense of proprioception, a kind of body awareness, we are immediately aware of ourselves as bodies in physical space. In this debate the case histories of patients who have lost their sense of proprioception are clearly relevant. These patients do retain an awareness of themselves as corporeal beings, although they hardly (...)
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  44.  6
    Reification and Recognition in Teenage Years in the Contemporary World: An Interpretation Based on a Critical Look at Axel Honneth's Theses.Mônica Guimarães Teixeira do Amaral & Maria Patrícia Cândido Hetti - 2020 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 52 (5):508-523.
    This article seeks to explore the theoretical contributions of Axel Honneth, particularly in his works, The Struggle for Recognition and Reification, aiming at diving deep into the debate on the contemporary ideological expressions and their incidence in the process of subjective constitution in teenage years. This particular interest springs from the need to interweave the concepts of reification, forgetfulness and recognition within a fruitful theoretical field in order to interpret a project work called Hip-Hop: cultures and identities, developed with teenagers (...)
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  45. DAVIES, E. B. Quantum Theory of Open Systems. [REVIEW]E. Beltrametti - 1978 - Scientia 72 (13):29.
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  46. HOOKER C. A. Contemporary Research in the Foundations and Philosophy of Quantum Theory. [REVIEW]E. Beltrametti - 1977 - Scientia 71 (12):826.
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  47. K. Berka, "Measurement". [REVIEW]E. Beltrametti - 1984 - Epistemologia 7 (1):159.
     
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  48. LOPES, J. L. and PATY, M. Quantum Mechanics, a Half Century Later. [REVIEW]E. Beltrametti - 1978 - Scientia 72 (13):6.
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  49. Moral Luck and the Condition of Control.Monica Wong Link - 2013 - Southwest Philosophy Review 29 (1):99-106.
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  50.  4
    Editorial: Human and Social Competition: An Interdisciplinary and Transdisciplinary Perspective.Monica Thiel, Julia Levashina, Gabriele Giorgi, Aaron Williamon, Darren C. Treadway, Kai Wen & Qing Wang - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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