Franck Varenne
University Of Rouen
This study shows firstly that it is necessary to characterize a computer simulation at a finer level than that of formal models: that of symbols and their various modes of reference. This is particularly true for those that integrate models and formalisms of a heterogeneous nature. This study then examines the ontological causes that, consequently, could explain their epistemic success. It is argued that they can be conveniently explained if one adopts a conception of nature that is both discontinuous and finite. The latter thesis supports a naturalistic metaphysical position by invalidating, at its root, the argument made by speculative materialism against a scientific approach to the physical world that proceeds, like simulations, by finite representations and operations.
Keywords computer simulation  finitude  formal model  speculative materialism  speculative realism  naturalism
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