Primacy of Information About Means Selection Over Outcome Selection in Goal Attribution by Infants

Cognitive Science 36 (4):714-725 (2012)

Abstract
It has been shown that, when observing an action, infants can rely on either outcome selection information (i.e., actions that express a choice between potential outcomes) or means selection information (i.e., actions that are causally efficient toward the outcome) in their goal attribution. However, no research has investigated the relationship between these two types of information when they are present simultaneously. In an experiment that addressed this question directly, we found that when outcome selection information could disambiguate the goal of the action (e.g., the action is directed toward one of two potential targets), but means selection information could not (i.e., the action is not efficiently adjusted to the situational constraints), 7- and 9-month-old infants did not attribute a goal to an observed action. This finding suggests that means selection information takes primacy over outcome selection information. The early presence of this bias sheds light on the nature of the notion of goal in action understanding
Keywords Concept formation  Action understanding  Infancy  Goal attribution  Cognitive development
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1111/j.1551-6709.2011.01215.x
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

Our Archive


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 44,365
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

View all 8 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

The Role of Information and Replication in Selection Processes.Peter Godfrey-Smith - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (3):538-538.
Fairness in the Selection of Employees.Richard D. Arvey & Gary L. Renz - 1992 - Journal of Business Ethics 11 (5-6):331-340.
A More Pluralist Typology of Selection Processes.Bence Nanay - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (3):547-548.
Selection: Information and Replication of the Operant.Ralph Spiga - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (3):556-557.
Bootstrap Contraction.Sven Ove Hansson - 2013 - Studia Logica 101 (5):1013-1029.
Selection Type Theories.Lindley Darden & Joseph A. Cain - 1989 - Philosophy of Science 56 (1):106-129.
The Natures of Selection.Tim Lewens - 2010 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 61 (2):313-333.
Biological Function, Selection, and Reduction.Richard N. Manning - 1997 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 48 (1):69-82.
On Accumulation of Information and Model Selection.Ido Erev - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (3):406-407.
The Levels of Selection.Robert Brandon - 1982 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1982:315 - 323.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2011-12-06

Total views
29 ( #300,746 of 2,271,616 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
3 ( #412,706 of 2,271,616 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

My notes

Sign in to use this feature