L'approche cognitive du mental. Le point de vue de l'intelligence artificielle

Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 189 (3):291 - 315 (1999)
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Abstract

Le cognitivisme, conçu comme une théorie computationnelle de l'esprit, s'inspire du traitement informatique des données. Cet article examine les thèses principales du cognitivisme, ainsi que ses origines dans les travaux de Turing, les débats qu'il suscite, et les difficultés qu'il soulève. Le cognitivisme n'est, en définitive, que l'une des conceptions philosophiques possibles à l'intérieur du cercle des sciences cognitives. Cognitivism is a comptutational theory of mind which originates from computer science and data processing. This paper examines the main tenets of cognitivism, its fountain-head in Turing's work, the issues it raises, and the quandaries it is up against. Finally, cognitivism is but one of the sundry philosophical theories of mind upon which cognitive sciences may be grounded

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Pierre Wagner
University of Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne

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